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7th-Texas History

The Cattle Kingdom

QuestionAnswer
Where did the first cattle in America come from? Spain in the 1500s
What 3 things made Texas perfect for raising cattle? Texas had a good water supply, nutritious grasses, and ideal climate for raising cattle.
What is a vaquero? A cowhand that tends cattle on the open range.
Why do ranchers brand cattle? To show ownership and help prevent cattle rustling.
What is tallow? Fat from cattle used to make soap and cook with.
Where did the railroads allow ranchers to ship there cattle? To the stockyards where they could be penned for slaughtering or transported.
The Chisholm Trail went from where to where? South Texas, north past Austin and Ft. Worth, across the Red River, to Abilene , Kansas.
What does a drover do? To move cattle along a trail and protecting them from ruslters or indians.
What was the job of the wrangler? To take care of the horses.
What was the results of Texas Fever? Law enforcement agencies enforced qurantines.
After the Civil War, Anglo ranchers learned to use roping skills, chaps, saddles and the horse from who? They learned from the Spanish ranchers.
Cattle driving sarted in 1866 and ended when? 1886
Ranchers began moving their cattle north because.... there was not a strong market for cattle in Texas, therefore not a lot of profit was made.
Two problems of the Texas rancers were... theft and sometimes drought.
An open range ment there were... no barbed wire fences on Texas range land.
Many African Americans were .... cowhands after the Civil War.
texas ranchers began shipping their cattle north because they could.... make thousands of more dollars selling them to the market up north.
Movie writers often omit events or add events to make movies about the west in the late 1800s.... a more dramatic story.
Documentaries are a ... more acurate dipiction of cowboy life.
After the Civil War, Anglo ranchers learned to use roping skills, chaps, saddles and the horse from who? They learned from the Spanish ranchers.
Cattle driving sarted in 1866 and ended when? 1886
Ranchers began moving their cattle north because.... there was not a strong market for cattle in Texas, therefore not a lot of profit was made.
Two problems of the Texas rancers were... theft and sometimes drought.
An open range ment there were... no barbed wire fences on Texas range land.
Many African Americans were .... cowhands after the Civil War.
texas ranchers began shipping their cattle north because they could.... make thousands of more dollars selling them to the market up north.
Movie writers often omit events or add events to make movies about the west in the late 1800s.... a more dramatic story.
Documentaries are a ... more acurate dipiction of cowboy life.
By the year 1883 most ranges are... fenced in.
Because sheep sometimes trampled farmers crops and cropped the grass on the range to short.... Ranchers and farmers began to fence in theirs lands with barbed wire.
Mustangs were the wild descendants of the horses... brought to Texas by the Spaniards.
Mustangers caught the mustangs and broke them for riding and.... made a profit by selling them to the US Army or ranchers.
When the number of wild mustangs was reduced by cattle ranching and it was harder to make a profit off them.... ranchers began raising sheep and selling their wool to make money.
Sheep ranchers came from the North and from Europe to.... make money in the sheep ranching business.
Cattle ranchers did not always like the sheep ranchers because the sheep... overgrazed the land and trampled crops.
Charles Goodnight was a retired Texas Ranger and military guide who.... in 1876 became partners with JA Adair to form the large and successful ranch in the panhandle know as the JA Ranch.
Most Hollywood movies do not show that a large number of cowhands in the late 1800s were... African American or Mexican American.
Fence cutting was a serious crime or a ... felony.
Cattle ranchers produced to many cattle over time and overexpanded there businesses so... cattle prices fell.
Overgrazing ruined... rangeland.
Sever drought and blizzards in the mid-1880s caused... ranchers to sell cattle at a lower price.
Windmills pumped water from underground wells to allow cattle to have.... a water supply in a fenced pasture.
Wool shearing was from... the Mexican American heritage.
Dry farming allowed farmers to... plow and leave a layer of loose soil on the ground to keep water in the ground.
Railroads encouraged farmers to... settle on land close to the railroads.
After the Civil War the most important crop was... cotton because farmers were able to make a good profit from it.
Railroads provided a way to transport cotton to a market with a .... higher profit.
Sugarcane and rice were grown on the.... Gulf Coast for a profit.
Some farms in Texas after the Civil War failed because... the farmers did not know how to use the land properly
Post Civil War farmers also had to face... droughts and grasshoppers.
When India and Egypt entered the cotton market, the world supply of cotton.... increased and caused a surplus.
Surpluses in a market can cause... lower market prices and loss of profit for some farmers.
Many black slaves became a part of the... tenant system to provide for their families.
Tenant farmers rented small farms and gave... the land owner a third or forth of their crops.
After the Civil War, slaves also became sharecroppers, which were given land, seed, and tools for... half of their crops.
Cotton crops required a large amount of physical labor to harvest which meant... children were put to work at a very early age.
the tenant system required the farmers to work from... "Can see to can't."
The tenant system was an economical response to... slaves who had to find work and make money.
Ranching did not require as many people as ... farming did.
Farming brought more people to Texas which... developed many small towns with schools,businesses, and churches.
Created by: Throck4-H