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APUSH Court Cases

Supreme Court Cases

QuestionAnswer
Marbury v. Madison (1803 Marshall) Established constitutionality of judicial review.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819 Marshall) States cannot tax fed. gov. (Bank of US constitutional)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819 Marshall) upholds sanctity of contracts
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824 Marshall) Clarified commerce clause, Congressional power over interstate commerce
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831 Marchall) Trust relationship of NA tribes under fed authority
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842 Taney) Labor Unions lawful organizations and strikes legal
Scott v. Sanford (1857 Taney) Dred Scott an escaped slave-ruled not a citizen- had returned to Missouri but was captured. Congress no power to declare territory slave, voided Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Legalized Segregation in publicly owned facilities on basis of "separate but equal"
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895) Due to narrow interpretation of Sherman Anti-Trust Act, court undermined authority of federal government.
Northern Securities Co. v. US (1904) Re-established Sherman anti-trust authority of federal gov.
Lochner v. New York (1905) Declared unconstitutional a New York Act limiting working hours of bakers due to denial of 14th Amendment Rights
Schenck v. US (1919) Upheld Espionage Act of 1917, freedom of speech not absolute
Schechter v. US (1936) “the sick chicken case”, declared National Industrial Recovery Act (part of FDR's New Deal) unconstitutional
Korematsu v. US (1941) upheld detention camps for Japanese-Americans during WW II
Brown v. Board of Ed. Topeka, Kansas (1954 Warren) declaring “seperate but equal” unconstitutional
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) allows defendant right of counsel regardless of their ability to pay
Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning
Miranda v. Arizona (1966) if subjected to in-custody interrogation be advised of right of an attorney and right to remain silent
Roe v. Wade (1973) legalized abortion during first three months of pregnancy
US v. Richard Nixon (1974) rejected Nixon's claim to absolute privilege against judicial process
Created by: soccermonster30