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Ch. 3 vocab.

3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 vocab.

Mission A settlement in Native American territory designed to convert them to the Catholic faith
Presidio A Spanish fort that protects a mission
Catechism A set of questions and answers about Catholic beliefs
Epidemic The rapid spread of disease in a short time
Cede To formally give up ownership of something
Transform To change in character or condition
Establish To settle; to make towns, communities, and homesteads in an area
Friar Started missions; members of church clergy like a priest or pastor
Factor Part of what creates a result; piece or contribution
Filibuster A person who wages an unofficial war on a country
Benefit Something that is good for a person
Philip Nolan A horse trader in the 1700's
James Wilkinson A general and agent for the U.S. army
Natural Ground Agreement Agreement between Spain and U.S. that no soldier would occupy this land
Class Social rank in the Spanish system
Peninsulares Born in Spain, best jobs, wealthy
Criollo Born in New Spain to Spanish parents, second class
Mestizo Born to one Spanish and one Indian parent
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla A priest from Dolores who wanted to end the power of the peninsulares
Jose Bernardo Guterrez de Lara A Mexican rebel who invaded Texas with Lt. Magee
Battle of Medina Spanish General de Arredondo attacked and defeated Toledo's army in 1813
James Long An angry man who organized a group for a filibustering trip
Eventuallly Sometime later; in the end
Pirate A person who steals from ships on the sea
Republic A nation in which voters elect representatives to make laws
Occupied Took up space or resided
Monarchist A person who wants to keep their high social status and traditions the old way
Augustine de Iturbide The leader of the monarchist that wrote the Plan of Iguala
Achieve To reach or accomplish the goal
Anti-Monarchist The opposite of a monarchist
Plan of Iguala A compromise between peninsulares and criollos that made them equal
Treaty of Cordoba The treaty that made the Plan of Iguala official
San Antonio Named after missionary Antonio; Texas's most important mission town
La Bahia Now called Goliad, TX; one of the last mission-presidios
Nacogdoches One of three original Spanish settlements in Texas
Abdicate Forced to give up a position of power
Erasmo Seguin A settler of San Antonio who represented Coahuila & Texas to the Mexican Congress
Coahuila & Texas The merge of Coahuila and Texas to maintain Spanish rule
Empresario Spanish word for contractor; responsible for settling Texas
Title The legal right to own a piece of property
Pecan Point The start of U.S. settlers in Texas
Moses Austin An American business man that hoped to make a living off of bringing settlers to Texas
Sitio A Spanish unit of measure representing 4,428 acres of land
Speculator People who buy large areas of land and try to sell it
Stephen F. Austin "The father of Texas"- Son of Moses- carried out his father's dream and is credited with populating Texas with settlers
Agriculture The work of preparing the soil; producing crops, and raising livestock
Collapse To break down or fail completely
Militia A group of armed citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency
Grant A possession, such as land, legally given for free or very little money
Partnerships Associations of two or more people in a business
San Felipe de Austin The main town of Austin's colony where he did all his business
Conduct To direct or lead
Republic of Fredonia Haden Edward's failed attempt to free Texas from Mexico
Census An official count of the population of the region
Tejano People with Mexican ancestry that lived in Texas
Martin de Leon The only Mexican empressario that brought Mexican settlers to Texas
Green Dewitt A Texan empressario that brought 400 families to Texas
Minister A person sent to another country to represent their home country to the government
Civilians People who are not in the armed forces
Self-government A government in which the people take an active role in making laws and decisions
Created by: user-1714405
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