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Ch. 3 vocab

3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 vocab.

Mission A settlement in Native American territory designed to convert Native Americans to Christianity
Presidio Protects a mission
Catechism A set of questions and answers about Catholic beliefs
Epidemic The rapid spread of a disease in a short time
Cede To formally give up ownership of something
Transform To change in character and condition
Establish To settle; to make towns, communities & homesteads in and area
Friar Started missions; members of church clergy, like a priest or pastor
Filibuster A person who wages an unofficial war on a country
Benefit Something that is good for a person
Philip Nolan A horse trader that came to Texas
James Wilkinson A general from the United States
Natural Ground Agreement Agreement between Spain & United States that no soldier would occupy this land
Class Social Rank
Peninsulares Born in Spain, best jobs, wealthy
Criollos Born in New Spain to Spanish parents, 2nd Class
Mestizos 3rd class, born to one Spanish parent and one Indian parent
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla A priest from Delores looking for a change
Jose Bernardo Guterrez de Lara Mexican rebel who decided to invade Texas
Battle of Medina A battle where Arredondo defeated Toledo's Army
James Long Organized the group for filibustering trip in Natchez, Mississippi
Eventually Some time later; in the end
Pirate A person who steals from ships on sea
Republic Citizens elect representatives to make laws. The representatives answer to the citizens.
Occupied To take over or rule another country
Monarchist In the early 1800s, in new Spain, a person who wanted to keep his or her high social status & traditions and wanted to limit changes.
Augustine de Iturbide Leader of the Monarchist that wrote the Plan of Iguala
Achieve To do or accomplish
Anti-Monarchist A person who was committed to liberty and equality and wanted to change.
Plan of Iguala The plan that stated Mexico would become and independent nation.
Treaty of Cordoba Spain agreed to accept the terms of the Plan of Iguala and to withdraw its troops from Mexico.
San Antonio Named after missionary Antonio- Texas' most important mission town.
La Bahia Now called Goliad, Tx. one of the last mission-presidios
Nacogdoches One of the 3 original Spanish settlements in Texas.
Abdicate Forced to give up a position of power
Erasmo Seguin A settler of San Antonio who represented Coahulia & Texas to Mexico congress.
Coahulia & Texas The merge of Coahulia & Texas to maintain Spanish rule.
Empresario The Spanish word for "contractor", a person who puts together business deals.
Title The legal right to own a piece of property.
Pecan Point The start of U.S settlers in Texas.
Moses Austin An American business man that hoped to make a living off of bringing settlers to Texas.
Sitio A Spanish unit of measure representing 4,428 acres of land.
Speculator People who buy large areas of land and try to sell the land bit by bit to others.
Stephen F. Austin "The Father of Texas"- son of Moses- carried out his father's dream & is credited with populating Texas with settlers.
Agriculture The work of preparing the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Collapse To break down or fail completely.
Militia A group of armed citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.
Grant A possession, such as land, legally given to someone for free or very little money.
Partnership Associations of two or more people in a business venture.
San Felipe de Austin The main town of Austin's colony where he did all his business.
Conduct To lead or direct.
Republic of Fredonia Haden Edward's father failed attempt to free Texas from Mexico.
Census An official count of the population of a religion.
Tejano People with Mexican ancestry that lived in Texas.
Martin de Leon The ONLY Mexican Empressario that brought Mexican settlers to Texas.
Green Dewitt A Texan empressario that brought 400 families to Texas.
Minister A person sent to another country to represent their home country to the government.
Civilians People who are not in the armed forces.
Self-government A government in which the people who take an active role in making laws & decisions.
Factor Part of what creates a result; piece or contribution.
Colonization The action and process of claiming, settling, and establishing control over an area and developing towns, schools, churches, and businesses.
Tactics An action or strategy carefully planned to achieve a specific end.
Influences The ability to have an effect on the development of something.
Parishioner A person that lives in a particular parish (county) and is a member of the area church.
Rivals Two or more people in a lasting competitive relationship.
Compromise An agreement made by both parties agreeing to give up or change their demands or stipulations in order to both agree.
Suited What is right or appropriate for a person or situation
Created by: user-1719012
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