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100 facts us history

100 facts from us history

QuestionAnswer
________, the first permanent English settlement was founded in 1607 Jamestown
The ________ __ ____________ was signed on July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence
The ________________ of the United States was written in 1787 Constitution
President Thomas Jefferson purchased the ___________ _____________ from France in 1803 Louisiana Territory
The _______ _____ was fought from 1861-1865 Civil War
The first shots of the American Revolution were fired at ____________, _________ in April 1775 Lexington Massachusetts
The __________ __ __________ was the turning point of the American Revolution. Battle of Saratoga
The British defeat at _________, _________ by George Washington's troops signaled the end of the American Revolution. Yorktown, Virginia
The first shots of the Civil War were fired at ______ ______, in South Carolina. Fort Sumter
The ______ __ __________ was the turning point in the Civil War for the North. Battle of Gettysburg
The capture of _________, ___________ by the North in 1863, effectively split the Confederacy in two and gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union. Vicksburg, Mississippi
__________ _____ _____ is the small town in Virginia where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War. Appomattox Court House
_______________ is an economic theory that a country's strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country Mercantilism
An ___________ was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. abolitionist
A ______ is a tax on goods brought into a country. tariff
A __________ ______ is a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry. protective tariff
____________ is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country. Sectionalism
________ ________ is the belief that the United States should expand from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Manifest Destiny
The _________ ________ was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol. Temperance Movement
______________ __________ is a system of government in which votes elect representatives to make laws for them. Representative Government
A ________ is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them. Republic
The _____ __ _________ was the first representative assembly in the new world. House of Burgesses
The _____ ________ __ __________ are the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive Branch. Three Branches of Government
______ ___ ________ is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances
____ __________ is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. Free Enterprise
__________ is the sharing of power between the states and the national government Federalism
__________ __ ______ is a system in which each branch of government has its own powers. Separation of powers
_______ ____________ is the practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery Popular Sovereignty
_____ means to change Amend
___________ ______ are rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are some of those rights. Unalienable Rights
_______ is a cruel and unjust government Tyranny
A _________ is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power Democracy
______ means to approve by vote. Ratify
_________ ______ is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not. Judicial Review
_____ ___________ is the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one's moral conviction or belief Civil Disobedience
___________ were supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government. Federalists
_______________ were people opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power be given to the state governments than to the national government Antifederalists
_____________ is the idea of a state declaring a federal law illegal Nullification
_______ _______ are the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts. Primary Sources
_________ _______ are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often _________ _______, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources. Secondary Sources
_____________ was an attitude toward society in the late 1700s based on the belief that the good virtue and morality of the people was essential to sustain the republican form of government. Republicanism
_________ _________ was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place. Industrial Revolution
The _____ _____, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Magna Carta
The _______ ____ __ ______ protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights English Bill of Rights
The ___________ __ ____________ was a document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies independence from England. Declaration of Independence
The ________ __ ____________ was the first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions. Articles of Confederation
The __________ __ ___ ______ _____ sets out the laws and principles of the government of the United States. Constitution of the United States
______ ___________ ________ _______ advised the United States to stay "neutral in its relations with other nations" and to avoid "entangling alliances." George Washington's Farewell Address
The ______ ________ was a foreign policy statement by President James Monroe stating that 1) THE U.S. would not interfere in European affairs, and 2) that the western hemisphere was closed to colonization and/ or interference by European nations. Monroe Doctrine
The ______ __ _____ ____ ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America. Treaty of Paris 1763
The ______ __ _____ ____ ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Treaty of Paris 1783
The _________ _________ was a policy of establishing the principles and procedures for the advised expansion of the United States. Northwest Ordinance
The _________ _______ was the agreement signed in 1620 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth, to consult each other about laws for the colony and a promise to work together to make it succeed. Mayflower Compact
The __________ ______ were a series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, defending the Constitution and the principles on which the government of the United States was founded. Federalist Papers
______ _____ was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to convince colonists that it was time to become independent from Britain. Common Sense
The ____ __ ______ is the first ten amendments to the constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
The __________ _______ was a short speech given by Abraham Lincoln to dedicate a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg Address
Abraham Lincoln issued the ___________ ___________ on January 1, 1863 setting all slaves in the Confederate states free. Emancipation Proclamation
_______ _____ _________ _______ stated that "no state... can lawfully get out of the Union," but pledged there would be no war unless the South started it. Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
________ ______ _________ _______ was meant to help heal and restore the country after four years of Civil War. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address
The _____ __________ created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state. Great Compromise
___ _____ was a member of the Sons of Liberty who started the Committee of Correspondence and delegate to Constitutional Convention. Sam Adams
___ ________ was an inventor, statesman, diplomat, signer of the Declaration of Independence and delegate of the Constitutional Convention. Ben Franklin
____ ______ ___ was the King of England who disbanded the colonial legislatures, taxed the colonies, and refused the Olive Branch Petition leading to the final break with the colonies. King George III
______ _________ wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana Territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
______ _____ wrote pamphlets like Common Sense and The Crises to encourage American independence and resolve. Thomas Paine
______ __________ was the leader of the Continental Army who became the first President of the United States. George Washington
______ _______ was the leader of the original Democratic Party and a "President of the People." He was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, which forced Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Andrew Jackson
____ _ ________ was a South Carolina Congressman and Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War John C. Calhoun
______ ____ was a powerful Kentucky Congressman and a Senator who proposed the American System and the Compromise of 1850. Henry Clay
______ ______ was a Massachusetts Congressman and Senator who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union. Daniel Webster
_________ _____ was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
_______ _ _____ was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North. Ulysses S. Grant
______ _ ___ was the General of the Confederate Army Robert E. Lee
_______ _______ was the 16th president of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
_________ ________ was a leader of the Federalists, first Treasurer of the United States, creator of the Bank of the U.S., and killed in duel by the Vice President of the United States, Aaron Burr. Alexander Hamilton
_______ ______ was a passionate patriot who became famous for his fiery speeches in favor of American independence. His most famous quote included the words, "Give me liberty or give me death." Patrick Henry
_____ _______ is considered to be the "Father of the Constitution." James Madison
_________ ________ was a former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist in the country. Frederick Douglass
_____ ______ was the author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference. James Monroe
_______ ______ was an escaped slave who became a Conductor of the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North. Harriet Tubman
_________ ____ _______ organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the Women's Rights Movement in the United States. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
The _____ ________ states that "Congress shall make no law" restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. First Amendment
The ______ _________ guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms. Second Amendment
The _____ _________ forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes. Third Amendment
The _____ _________ requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized by the government. Fourth Amendment
The _____ Amendment officially ended slavery in the United States. Thirteenth
Created by: zgsgal