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Political Parties

Political Parties
Not mentioned in the Constitution, but a key feature in American politics since around 1800, political parties serve the purpose of uniting those who share political ideals, enabling members to elect like minded representatives and pursue similar legisla
Two-Party System
Unofficial system in which two major political parties dominate (Republicans and Democrats)
Platform
the official statement of ideals and goals a party makes at its national convention. Is not as meaningful as it sounds, as elected officials don't always follow it.
National Convention
the meeting of a party with the main task of presenting the nominee for President that will represent the party in the general election. Used to be more important, when the candidate was actually chosen at the convention. Now is more of a coming out par
Party Realignment
When the coalitions that support the two major parties fall apart, such as when many of the groups supporting a major party defect to the other party. Very rare. Last realignment took place in 1932, when the Democratic Party became the majority party an
Divided Government
When one of the two major parties controls the Presidency and one controls the Congress
Coalition
the collection of supporters that a party draws their membership from (Ex: Republican party is largely made up of Conservative Christians from the South, pro-Second Amendment supporters and business elites.
Independent Candidates
Candidates that run without a political party affiliation
Third Parties
Parties that exist outside the two party system (ideolgical parties like the Libertarians), single issue parties like the American Independent Party, as well as splinter parties that come from members of one of the two major parties who leave the party
Created by: fdouglassapgov
 

 



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