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GEPH Lesson 1

Meaning of History; and Historical Sources

It is the study of events that happened in the past and the causes of those events history (basic definition)
It is defined as "the account of the past of a person or a group of people through written documents and historical evidences" history (classic Latin definition)
It is defined as the "knowledge acquired through inquiry or investigation" historia (Greek)
what deals with the study of history itself? (examines to validate or justify an event: why, how it happened) historiography
true or false? An event that lacks existing documents cannot be proven as a historical fact. false
true or false? Sources such as artifacts, architecture, songs, epics, stories by word of mouth are considerable forms of historical sources true
What are primary sources? sources produced while the past event was happening (by people involved, gov't institutions or revolutionary leaders)
Give examples of primary sources archival documents, artifacts, memorabilia, letters, gov't records, census, etc.
What primary sources can be used if one wants to study the events that transpired during the martial law in the philippines? letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, photographs, and other immediate accounts, presidential decrees, interviews of survivors
What are secondary sources? historical sources produced by someone who based from or used a primary source
What is external criticism? process of verifying historical evidence through its physical characteristics, language, and analyzing its material consistency with the period it was produced
What is internal criticism? examination of the content of the material, including its truthfulness and context or purpose
Created by: jayhellow
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