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Module 13

Between 30,000 and 12,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers moved from _______________. (Lesson 4) Asia to North America
Who were the first Americans? (Lesson 4) The early hunter-gatherers
The early hunter-gatherers settled throughout ___________. (Lesson 4) North America, South America, and Central America
The area in which the Native Americans lived stretched out from ________. (Lesson 4) Modern Oregon to Alaska
A ceremony called a potlatch was a ceremony in which wealthy families could show their rank and prosperity by ___________. (Lesson 4) Giving food, drink, and gifts to the community
What sort of environment did the Southwestern Native Americans face? (Lesson 4) A harsh environment.
What Southwestern Native American people found a way to irrigate crops, develop pottery, and baskets from contact with the Mesoamerican citizens? (Lesson 4) The Hohokam people.
Another group of Native Americans called the Anasazi lived in ___________. (Lesson 4) Present-day Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico
Where were the Southeastern Native Americans located? (Lesson 4) In the woods east of the Mississippi river.
Another group of Native Americans called the Mississippians built ___________. (Lesson 4) Thriving villages, such as Cahokia.
The most successful Northeastern Native American alliance was set up in the __________ by the Iroquois. (Lesson 4) late 1500's
What or who did trading link? (Lesson 4) People of all regions of North America
All the Native Americans believed that ________________. (Lesson 4) The world is full of spirits and that people had to follow certain rituals and customs to live in peace.
Family was emphasised as the most important _______. (Lesson 4) Social unit
In some tribes, families were linked together with others who _______. (Lesson 4) Shared a common ancestor
How were clans identified? (Lesson 4) With a totem
A totem is a ________________. (Lesson 4) Natural object or animal that a person, clan, or family uses to show their identity.
The Maya civilization existed between _____________. (Lesson 5) 250 and 950 A.D.
Tikal was a ____________. (Lesson 5) Mayan city
What were Mayan cities full of? (Lesson 5) Palaces, temples, and pyramids.
Each Mayan city had a God-King that was the leader of _________. (Lesson 5) The government and religion.
Each city was a _______________ for the area around it? (Lesson 5) Religious center and trade center
The top of the Mayan social class structure was made up of...? (Lesson 5) The best warriors and priests
The middle of the Mayan social structure was made up of...? (Lesson 5) Merchants and craft workers.
The bottom of the Mayan social structure was made up of...? (Lesson 5) Peasant farmers
How did the Mayans give sacrifices to their gods? (Lesson 5) They cut themselves to offer blood.
The Mayan religion led to the development of...? (Lesson 5) Mathematics, the calendar, and astronomy.
What were the two Mayan calendars? (Lesson 5) A religious calendar and a calendar based on the sun.
Mayans developed the most advanced _____________ in the ancient Americas. (Lesson 5) Writing system.
What was Mayan writing made up of? (Lesson 5) 800 glyphs.
The valley of Mexico is..... (Lesson 6) A mountain valley more than a mile above sea level
The city-state Teotihuacan had between _______________________ people at its peak in the sixth century. (Lesson 6) 150,000 and 200,000
The Toltecs were.... (Lesson 6) The next people to dominate the area.
Topiltzin tried to replace the warlike Toltec god with...? (Lesson 6) A peaceful god called Quetzalcoatl.
What was the Triple Alliance? (Lesson 6) A joined alliance between the Aztecs and two other city-states that became the leading power of the Valley of Mexico.
The top of the Aztec social class structure was made up of....? (Lesson 6) The emperor.
The noble class of the Aztec social class structure was made up of...? (Lesson 6) Military leaders, government officials, and priests.
Below the noble class of the Aztec social class structure was...? (Lesson 6) Commoners, merchants, craft workers, soldiers, and farmers.
The lower class of the Aztec social class structure was...? (Lesson 6) Slaves
What was the name of the Aztec capital city, and what was it built on? (Lesson 6) Tenochtitlan. It was built on an island in a lake.
What did their religious rituals consist of? (Lesson 6) Human sacrifice
Where did the Inca civilization develop? (Lesson 7) In the Andes Mountains of South America
What did the Incas believe about their ruler? (Lesson 7) That they were related to the sun god, Inti
What harsh conditions did the Incas face ? (Lesson 7) Warm weather, earthquakes, traveled long distances to communicate and trade, and the region was difficult to farm.
The technique of terracing helped.... (Lesson 7) Develop crops in an area that was difficult to farm.
What was Machu Picchu? (Lesson 7) A "city in the sky"
What was the Inca government system? (Lesson 7) Small groups of people known as ayllu working together for the common good.
The Incas might've created the first welfare state where the government took care of..... (Lesson 7) People who needed help, such as the elderly or ill.
The Incas let local rulers stay in place as long as...? (Lesson 7) The conquered people met Inca demands
What was the most important demand? (Lesson 7) All adult workers had to spend some days each year working for the state
The Incas made all people speak a common language called...? (Lesson 7) Quechua
What did the Inca never develop? (Lesson 7) A writing system
What role did religion play in Inca life? (Lesson 7) Religion played a central role in Inca life.
How were the Incas conquered? (Lesson 7) The Spanish used superior technology to overwhelm them.
Created by: 27etrauth
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