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Western Frontier

Western Frontier Vocab

Frontier unsettled or sparsely settled area of the country occupied mostly by Native Americans
Great Plains the area from the Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains
Comstock Lode location of a mine of valuable minerals next to Virginia City, NV
Boomtown a town that has a sudden burst of economic or population growth
Ghost Town A once thriving community in which of the population has left
Vigilantes people that took the law into their own hands due to lack of law enforcement
Exodusters freed slaves that fled the South after Reconstruction and settled in the west
Wyoming the first state to give women the right to vote
Transcontinental Railroad a railroad that would span the continental; connected the eat with the west
Union Pacific railroad company that began in Omaha ad build track doing west on the Great Plains
Central Pacific railroad company that started in California and went east, blasting through the Sierra NV mts.
Golden Spike event in which the Union Pacific and central Pacific met in Promontory Summit, Utah in 1869; completed the first transcontinental railroad.
Long Drive a 2-3 month trip in which cowboys led cattle to the cow towns along the railroads
Open Range unfenced land on the Great Plains in which cattle were allowed to graze
Vaquero the first cowboys that came from Mexico and settled in the Southwest
Cowhand Cowboys that took the cattle from Texas to the railroads on the Great Plains
Sitting Bull Sioux chief and medicine man that led native forces at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Crazy Horse Sioux chief and warrior that fought at the Battle of Little Bighorn and was known for his bravery
Geronimo Apache chief that fought Mexican and US forces in the Southwest, surrendered to the US government in 1887
Chief Joseph Chief of the Nez Perce tribe; led them in a daring escape to Canada fighting off the US army
Reservation an area of land set aside for Native Americans to live on
Battle of Little Bighorn battle in which the US 7th cavalry was massacred by Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors
George Custer Leader of the 7th cavalry known for fighting Native Americans; was defeated and killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Wounded Knee Event in which a group of US soldiers massacred a camp of 300 Sioux men, women, and children in 1890; marked the end of all armed resistance in the west
Dawes Act US law that forced natives to assimilate by making them farmers and sending native children to boarding schools in the east
Buffalo Soldiers regiment of African American cavalry that gained fame fighting Native Americans in the west
Barbed wire invented by Joseph Glidden; it was cheap and allowed homesteaders to fence in their property; helped to close the Open Range to cattle grazing
Homestead Act federal law passed in 1862 to encourage Americans and immigrants to settle the west; gave free land to anyone that would live on it for 5 years
Sodbusters Farmers that lived on the Great Plains; built their homes out of sod, which is the top layer of prairie soil thickly packed with grass roots
Windmills technology that helped homesteaders adapt to the Great Plains; pumped water up from the ground
Created by: kankel000
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