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Depression & WWII

US History STAAR Review

Stock Market Crash 1929 Stock prices fell because of overspeculation and buying on margin - triggers the Great Depression.
Bank Failures A cause of the Great Depression. Many banks went bankrupt due to risky investments and bank runs
Effects of the Great Depression High unemployment & poverty & bankruptcy
New Deal The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the U.S. out of the depression
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) This corporation insured individual bank deposits
Social Security Act guaranteed retirement payments for workers beginning at age 65
Dust Bowl Causes poor farming techniques, drought
Dust Bowl Effects Severe dust storms that caused illness/death; many people moved West to California
Cause of WWII 1939 Germany invades Poland
Neutrality U.S. policy at start of WWII
Pearl Harbor Japan attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor (Hawaii) forcing the U.S. to enter the war.
D-Day Invasion Allied troops retake France and drive into Germany opening up a second front in WWII
Tuskegee Airmen famous segregated unit of African-American pilots that convinced President Truman to desegregate the military
Navajo Code Talkers Native Americans who used their own language to make a secret code for the U.S. military
Holocaust the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler; a genocide
Japanese Internment Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast were relocated to camps during WWII for national security purposes
Manhattan Project A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
Selective Service Act law requiring men to register for military service (the draft)
Rationing Americans were asked to limit their use of certain goods (like food and gas) that the military needed during WWII
Created by: krystina644
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