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In the event an explosive or other harmful device is detected, an officer should Back away from vehicle and contact the personnel designated by the agency's policies
Improper balance or alignment, over inflation, or under inflation will result in Uneven wear
Inspection of proper fluid levels, electrical wiring, belts, hoses, and tires should be checked Daily
When inspecting rims on the vehicle, you are looking for Dents, cracks, or DAMAGE TO THE BEAD
The fluid levels to be checked include the following: Engine oil, transmission, brake, power steering, coolant reservoir and windshield washer
During inspection, these are checked for fraying, cuts, cracking, and gouges Belts
During inspection, these are checked for dry rot, cracking, holes, bulges and leaks Hoses
During inspection, these are checked for fraying, corrosion, cracked or missing insulation, and exposure Wires
Vision supplies this % of incoming data to a driver 90-90%
Sharpness of vision is known as Acuity
Ability to judge distance and perceive space to determine how far away an object is, is know as Depth Perception
Ability to see above, below, and to the sides is known as Peripheral Vision
Ability to distinguish colors is known as Color Vision
Ability to see clearly in darkness is known as Night Vision
A person who has good peripheral vision can see from side to side how many degrees 180 degrees
To improve awarenes, officers can make adjustments to their Meal times (eating smaller & more frequently meals) and lifestyle (getting sufficient rest and sleep before a shift)
Stress, emotion, fatigue, and frequent shift changes are TEMPORARY FACTORS that can Weaken a driver's observation skills
High blood pressure, diabetes, heart conditions, or epilepsy may also impair observation skills are Medical conditions
When striking or driving over an obstacle, the officer should strike it at A slight angle with free rolling tires
Three types of wind are Head wind, tail wind and cross wind
The most dangerous type of wind is Cross wind
Respresent the single greatest threat to safe vehicle operation Intersections
When avoiding Head-on Collisions, officers reduce the effects by Reading the road, reduce speed, drive to the right, drive off the road (think game of chicken)
If the officer must drive of the road and make contact, should choose from the following in least risk to most dangerous Soft objects bushes, small trees, fences, etc.). Objects moving in the same direction (including another vehicle). A fixed object (tree, sign, or parked car)
This establishes a minimum safe following distance for all vehicles and provides space and time for the driver to react to potentinal hazards Two-second Rule
Under poor road conditions or inclement weather, officers should use the Four-second Rule
Always brake and accelerate in a Straight line
You should do this prior to every turn regardless of speed Break
When an officer is traveling at a higher than normal rate of speed, driving during emergency response, or traveling with other responding units the officer should use The four-second Rule
Every body continues in a state of rest or in a straight line unless physical forces compel it to change state is known as Newton's First Law of Motion
Acceleration of a body is directly proportional to the net force acting on that body and inversely proportional to the mass of the body is known as Newton's Second Law of Motion
Pitch, Roll and Yaw are all types of Vehicle Motion
Occurs during accleleration or braking. Motion transfers weight from front to rear or from rear to front Pitch
Occurs when turning and shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side Roll
is the end-to-end motion on a horizontal plane Yaw
The degree of pitch, roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences affects the Vehicular Stability
When brakes are applied, weight transfers in the direction of travel regardless Of the vehicle moving forward or backward
Is the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle Radius
An increasing radius is a turn that gets Wider
A decreasing radius is a turn that gets Tighter
A 90-degree turn is considered to be a Constant Radius
Is the center point of any curve Apex
The vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines whether the vehicle is using one of the following three apex techniques Early, center or late
In most cases this is the best cornering or turning method and why Late apexing technique, allows the most room for driver error
The two general forces that act upon a vehicle when turning a corner are known as Centripetal Force and Centrifugal Force
Is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed inward toward the center of rotation. Pulls in Centripetal Force
Is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts outwardly away from the center of rotation. Pushes out Centrifugal Force
Is the tendency of a vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends Under steer
Excessive speed, lack of traction on the steering tires , and/or improper braking in a turn or curve may result in Under steering
Is the tendency of a vehicle to turn sharper than the driver intends Over steer
Higher speeds when the rear tires lose traction and excessive braking occurs in a turn or curve result in Over steer
Is the occurence that caruses the rear wheels to follow a tighter path in relation to the path the front wheels traveled in a turn Wheel tracking
For proper steering wheel grip the left and right hand should be placed Left hand at 9 o'clock and right hand at 3 o'clock
Is the forward motion that causess a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel Caster effect
When the driver presses the brake pedal by applying light pressure and gradually increases pressure to slow or stop as quickly as possible without locking the brakes or engaging the ABS, is Threshold braking
This happens just before the tires lose traction during braking Incipient skid
This occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during acceleration Incipient spin
Is the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the road surface Traction
This is the best traction and occurs when the tires constantly rotate on the road surface without losing contact Rolling friction
Results when the wheels lock and do not turn while the vehicle is moving Skid
Results from loss of both rolling friction and traction Slide
Accelerating too much on a turn or a slick surface causes a Power slide
When recovering from a skid or slide, once traction is regained you must use Counter steering
The two key elements to making a turn safely are Speed and vehicle placement
When relating to emergency mode operation, officers should always revert to Their specific agency's policy and Florida law
Every authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than 500 feet
Is the most common night driving error Overdriving of vehicle headlights
Vehicle headlights with high beams on reveal a person 450 feet away
Vehicle headlights with low beams on reveal a person 150 feet away
Overdriving headlights, reation distance, field of vision, loss of visual cues, glare and emergency lights are all factors that may Influence driving performance at night
When driving at night in emergency mode, emergency lights can Increase the amount of glare encountered
Looking off to the shoulder of the roadway to protect night vision while using the white line at the edge of the road for guidance is a Technique officers can use to improve thier vision while driving at night and react properly to oncoming traffic
Are measured changes to normal body functions Physiological effects
Exceeding your ability or vehicle's ability trying to "catch the bad guy at any cost" or "get there before anyone else" is a Physiological effect
Tunnel vision, selective hearing, increased heart rate, time distortion, and loss of spatial awareness or fine motor skills are examples of Physiological effects
When driving in emergency mode, an officer should always offset the vehicle to the Left to increase visibility to other vehicles
Is an active attempt by an officer driving an authorized emergency vehicle (equipment activated) to apprehend occupants of a moving vehicle when speed increase, takes other evasive actions, or refuses to stop in an apparent attempt to avoid apprehension Pursuit
The decision to initiate a pursuit is the officer's to make and is contingent upon The officer's knowledge of agency policy and Florida Statues as well as current contions and circumstances
Following this is the best way to avoid liability in a pursuit scenario Agency policy
A pursuit has how many possible conclusions 5
Is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones, or other objects to block traffic flow completely in all directions is A roadblock
This device is used to cause tire to deflate Tire-deflation device
Created by: goarmy
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