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FOR THESE CARDS (BoB)acronym stands for back of book and is def from there def from back of the book may vary from def in the lesson
An acronym for Safety, Ethics, Community, Understanding, Response, and Evaluation; the model used to enhance an officer's problem-solving capabilities SECURE (BoB)
An object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between an officer and a threat but may not stop a projectile Concealment (BoB)
Anything that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between an officer and a threat Cover (BoB)
Accurately noting what is presented to the five senses by keeping in view, noticing, or giving attention to persons, things, or circumstances Observation (BoB)
An impression in a person's mind of an individual, people, or events based on experiences, biases, beliefs, assumptions, and observations; the process of organizing & attaching meaning to sensations, so that they can be interpreted Perception (BoB)
A type of stress that is short-lived and severe Acute stress (BoB)
The stress that results from numerous sources over time Accumulative stress (BoB)
A type of stress that continues for a long period Chronic stress (BoB)
Any stress that lies buried for a period and then resurfaces Delayed stress (BoB)
The body's preparation to either fight a threat or flee the situation Fight or flight response (BoB)
A psychological reaction that occurs after experiencing a highly stressful event Post-traumatic stress disorder-(PTSD)- (BoB)
The physical or emotional reactions to an event or situation Stress (BoB)
The factors which may cause stress Stressors (BoB)
An acronym that stands for Be On the Look Out BOLO (BoB)
A brief informational meeting that officers attend before starting a shift Roll call (BoB)
The primary officer on a call Contact officer (BoB)
The backup officer who is strictly responsible for officer safety concerns at a scene Cover officer (BoB)
A charging document that states the probable cause for the arrest Arrest affidavit (BoB)
The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers Park (BoB)
The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily, for the purpose of, and while actually engaged in, receiving or discharging passengers Stand (BoB)
When prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of a law enforcement officer or traffic control sign or signal Stop (BoB)
The area surrounding the site of an incident that may be cordoned off to prevent unauthorized personnel from leaving or entering the area Perimeter
A vehicle without a driver or person in charge of the vehicle which could be a disabled vehicle, improperly parked vehicle, or a potential crime scene Abandoned vehicle (BoB)
The acronym COP stands Community Oriented Policing
Is regarded as the father of Community Oriented Policing (COP) Herman Goldstein
Is an agency-wide philosophy promoting community partnerships to address the causes of crime and other community issues Community policing
The 2 core components of COP is Community partnerships and problem solving
This increases the understanding and trust between law enforcement agencies and community members Community partnerships
Law enforcement representatives (elected, sworn or civilian), governmental representatives (public housing, mental health agencies), and community representatives (local businesses, professional groups, neighborhood leaders) are all examples of Possible community partners
Community partnerships are essential in developing the second component of COP, which is Problem solving
By developing long-term, proactive programs and strategies to address local problems exist to inform law enforcement agencies about Pertinent issues in the community, establishing rapport and understanding with the public about the agencies' methods to deter crime
Provides a tool for officers to proactively find solutions to community issues, problem-solving component of COP SARA Model
The acronym SARA stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment
Takes a broad, intense view of a particular area or series of events to accurately describe community problems Scanning phase
These questions are used to during the scanning element of SARA to answer descriptions Have you identified a problem? How do you perceive the problem? How do those outside law enforcement perceive the problem? Does your perception differ from others' perceptions?If yes/how? How serious is the problem? Is the problem a law enforcement issue?
Helps determine the cause of the problem by collecting information from various sources Analysis phase
Information gathered during the scanning phase should be gathered from everyone affected by the issue not just using Law enforcement data
Allows officers the opportunity to respond to the problem by working with citizens, businesses, and public agencies Response phase
The keys to Community Oriented Policing are the Creative and long-term solutions resulting from thorough data collection and analysis during the Response phase
Problem solving generally produces one of five beneficial results: The problem is eliminated,the problem is substantially reduced, the harm by the problem is reduced, a better method of handling the problem is found, the problem is found to be outside the realm of law enforcement
Is a developmental tool that enhances problem-solving capabilities SECURE
The acronym SECURE stands for Safety, Ethics, Community, Understanding, Response and Evaluation
When responding to a crime in progress or making a public service call, an officer can review the SECURE model to ensure a Safe, ethical, and effective response
The SECURE model is an approach to all situations, emphasizes law enforcement fundamentals, such as Maintaining safety and serving public interest, and provides a framework for responding effectively
Is the leading concern for officers Safety
Techniques and procedures used should ensure the protection of the officer, public, and all persons involved such as victims, suspects, witnesses, or bystanders Safety
Sworn officers have the authority to Arrest individuals, use force to do so, and use deadly force if necessary. Must always consider ethics and use these powers within the limits of the law
Must treat all individuals with as much respect and consideration as the situation allows, regardless of the person's Race, gender, or culture (Ethics)
Stands for the idea that officers serve the public, complaint, neighbors, and in a broader sense, the entire community Community
Gather and analyze information to understand a situation before proceeding officer must know the who, what, where, when, how and why of the situation Understanding
To understand a situation an officer must determine the Who, what, when, where, how, and why of the situation
Depends on the level of understanding and the options available Response
The officer must do this in order to determine if the problem has been dealt with successfully Evaluation
Evaluation depends Agency policies, the significance of the problem, and the impact of not resolving the problem
The officer or supervisor may want to review officer performance to determine if The response could be improved or to prevent the same errors in the future
Each year, a majority of officer deaths and injuries occur due to Lack of planning, lapsed training, carelessness, or overconfidence
A key for patrol officer's is the ability to Remain alert and observe surroundings
To perform their jobs effectively, officers should get a Proper amount of rest and sleep
Especially in stressful situations, officers must rely on Training and not emotional reactions
To handle the demands of dangerous situations, an officer must be in Proper physical shape
An officer in poor shape endangers Him- or herself, other officers, and the public
An officer's body is an important piece of equipment that must be maintained as regularly as a Firearm or patrol vehicle
When making contact with anyone an officer should always watch that person's hands to possible Intercept a weapon before it can be used
Proper handcuffing is important for controlling suspects but an officer should Never assume that a handcuffed suspect is no longer a threat (Hank Earl Carr)
Officers have an array of equipment including Primary weapons, secondary weapons, flashlights, handcuffs, and subject control spray
Vehicles have an array of equipment that may have Spotlights, takedown lights, a public address system, emergency lights, and sirens
If an officer does not use the proper equipment or if it is improperly maintained or dirty, he or she could be Seriously injured or killed
All equipment should be inspected on a Regular basis and kept clean and in working order at all times
Serious injury or death may occur if an officer fails to Continuously train and maintain proficiency
Officers must be fully prepared to use the firearm Safely and effectively
To enhance their ability, officers should Attend training programs and seek current information regarding up-to-date training
Constant training coupled with ---- ----- -------- will help officers develop the midset and attitude required to maintain officer and public safety Real world experience
Are the first line of defense and are developed and improved through practice such as memorizing car descriptions and observing pedestrians and environmental details. Good observation skills
When observing others, officer's should note people's appearance including Height, weight, hair, clothing, or other distinguishing traits
Officers should focus on indicators of what is usual or unusual and not be distracted by a few elements but Observe the entire scene before making a judgment
Organizing and attaching meaning to sensations so that they can be interpreted Perception
Preception is the core of Observation
Perception is affected by various factors such as The observer's sex, race, environmental conditions, past experience, education, maturity, bias, mental and physical condition, and his or her position or location
Is often the starting point for officer action Sight
Factors that can affect officers vision are Environmental and physical
Officer's vision can be affected by visual defects like Nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia)
Color distortion can be caused from Lighting from sources like streetlights or fluorescent lamps
Dimly lit objects tend to blend into the background and are Harder to distinguish
An officer who stops briefly after entering a dark area to allowing his or her eyes to adjust is using a technique for Visually adapting to darkness
Is used to identify elements such as voices, engines, and firearms Hearing
Factors that can affect an officer's hearing and prevent from identifying indicators of a crime are Traffic, noises from residences, peripheral noises, environmental
Used to identify dangerous substances by their odor Smell
Many factors can affect an officer's sense of smell, such as Officer's health, weather conditions, outside environment, temporarily deaden by strong odors (gasoline or ether)
May sometimes use to identify items during a search or pat down Touch
Touch also verifies the presence of heat in Tires, hood/engines, walls or other surfaces can indicate a fire
Officer's should be cautious about touching possible Evidence or disturbing a crime scene
To identify any unknown substance which may cause them to become very ill or die, an officer should never use Taste
True survival readiness involves Practical preparedness, firearm proficiency, and first aid skills
Acquiring and maintaining true survival skills can be accomplished through mental conditioning by practicing how to react in Different situations, tactical preparedness, and proper training and retraining
Protects officers from rounds being fired Cover
Examples of cover include Utility poles, automobiles, brick walls, dirt embankments, concrete, steel, and thick wood
Is an object or environment that provides camouflage for an officer but will not stop bullets Concealment
Examples of concealment include Scrubs, fences, display cases, and objects that keep an officer hidden but provide position from which he or she can observe
If an officer can choose between cover or concealment, it is preferable to use Cover
An officer can be prepared to use survival skills by Studying, mentally rehearsing, and constantly practicing safety procedures
The narrowing of the attention field due to stress caused by such elements as a vehicle pursuit, foot chase, armed confrontation, or other high stress situations Tunnel vision
There are several safety tips an officer must remember when on patrol Avoid tunnel vision, always identify themselves and give direct commands, disarm a suspect before leaving cover, attacked from sniper (car)drive from area or (foot) seek cover/call for assistance/determine a safe approach for responding officers
If an officer shoots a suspect, dispatch should be notified As soon as possible
"Stop!" and "Don't move!" are examples of Direct commands
Officers who believe a suspect is armed should use appropriate tactics with backup officers to Contact, control, and disarm the suspect
To verbally disarm a suspect of a weapon, the officer (from cover) should tell the suspect to Turn away from the officer, drop any weapons, and step away from them.
To verbally disarm a suspect of a firearm, the officer (from cover) should tell the suspect to Remove his or her finger from the trigger, slowly lay down the gun, and step away from it
While in a patrol vehicle or on foot patrol, a suspect may attack an officer by Sniper fire, firebombs, rocks , or other missiles
If an attack occurs while in a patrol vehicle, the officer should Accelerate away from the area, roll up windows, turn off air conditioning to prevent chemicals from seeping inside the vehicle
If a sniper attack occurs while on foot the officer should Seek immediate cover, call for assistance, and determine a safe approach for responding vehicles
Is a physical or emotional reaction to an event or situation Stress
Stress may come from perceived or real threat or a physiological or psychological response to a Demanding situation or change
The body's normal reaction or preparation when facing a threat is Fight or flight
The four general stress levels are Acute, Chronic, Accumulative, Delayed
Is short-lived and similar to what people experience taking a test or giving a speech Acute stress
Continues a long time, such as stress felt during a difficult two-year training program Chronic stress
Results from a variety of sources over time Accumulative stress
Lies buried for a period of time and then resurfaces Delayed stress
An individual cares for a close relative during a long illness, ignoring the stress only to feel it later is an example of what type of stress Delayed stress
Domestic, financial, and career problems are examples of what type of stress Accumulative stress
A two-year training program is an example of what type of stress Chronic stress
Taking a test or giving a speech are an examples of what type of stress Acute stress
If an attack occurs while in a patrol vehicle, the officer should Accelerate away from the area, roll up windows, turn off air conditioning to prevent chemicals from seeping inside the vehicle
If a sniper attack occurs while on foot the officer should Seek immediate cover, call for assistance, and determine a safe approach for responding vehicles
Is a physical or emotional reaction to an event or situation
Stress may come from preceived or real threat or a physiological or psychological
Is a psychological reaction that occurs after experiencing a highly stressful event Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Events that can cause PTSD are War, physical violence, or natural disaster
Symptoms of PTSD that one may suffer are Depression, anxiety, recurring nightmares, and flashbacks
Are all capable of experiencing PTSD The person threatened, someone who witnessed a violent car accident, or one who's family is a victim of a violent crime
The factors that cause stress Stressors
The four general categories of stressors are Environmental, personal, self-induced, and work-related
Involve elements of an officer's surroundings such as weather or high noises, that could add mental strain Environmental stressors
This stressor depends on the individual's likes or dislikes Personal stressors
Affect an individual's perception of situations and event Self-induced stressors
Elements of an officer's job that cause physical or emotional distress Work-related stressors
This is an example of what type of stressor: moving from air-conditioned patrol vehicle to a humid environment Environmental
This is an example of what type of stressor: trauma related to injury or death or financial or family difficulties Personal
This is an example of what type of stressor: very specific to the individual and include personal attitudes towards work, perceptions of others, and work-related goals Self-induced
This is an example of what type of stressor: ineffectual or delayed court procedures and court decisions restricting law enforcement powers, daily patrolling, danger of patrolling, boredom Work-related
Stress can affect an individual in many ways, the two stress responses are Short-term and long-term
Within short-term responses stress are different stress responses such as Health-related, job performance-related, domestic-related
Temporary increases in anxiety, tension, and irritability are what type of stress responses Short-term
Headaches, blood pressure changes, and excessive eating are related to what stress response Health (Short-term)
Erratic work habits and decreased productivity are related to what stress response Job (Short-term)
Relationship problems, displacement of anger towards family and friends, and withdrawal from domestic and social activities are related to what stress response Domestic (Short-term)
Responses related to personality may include psychosis, chronic depression, or suicidal thoughts are what type of stress response Long-term
Long-term stress responses related to health may include Chronic disease, high blood pressure, ulcers, coronary heart disease, asthma Asthma attacks, diabetes, alcoholism, and substance abuse
Sudden behavior changes, erratic work habits, excessive accidents or injuries, fatigue, sleeping and eating disorders, excessive worry, excessive alcohol or drug use, and complaints from peers and/or citizens about negative interactions Are the most common warning signs of stress in officers
Techniques that an officer can use for reducing stress are: Regular physical exercise, aerobic exercise (running, swimming, or bicycling), healthy lifestyle, getting 7-8 hours of sleep, avoiding excessive amounts of (fats, sugar, caffeine & alcohol), extended vacation
Consequences of not monitoring emotional well-being and reducing stress are affects on an officer's Personal live and job performance
Poor job performance may lead to Poor judgment, liability issues, absenteeism and complaints
Is the main activity officers perform daily Patrolling
The primary purpose of patrolling is to Maintain a public presence, enforce laws and ordinances, and deter crime
The two types of patrol are Reactive and proactive
Is taking a responsive or after-the-fact role in dealing with crime, requires immediate response to an incident, traditional policing Reactive patrol
Discourages criminal activity through an officer's high visibility, continuously travel through the patrol area and speak to people for short periods Proactive patrol
Is a brief meeting attended before a shift Roll call
Officers should record all roll call information that may affect their shift including Addresses that require or request extra patrol, wanted and missing persons, stolen vehicles, stolen and lost vehicle tags, suspicious incidents, officer safety bulletins, and safety concerns
An officer should never assume others have maintained equipment and must routinely ensure each piece of equipment is In working order, fully equipped, and safely stored
Patrol vehicles should be checked to make sure elements are in good shape, items to be checked are Emergency lights, tires, and emergency equipment (fire extinguishers, biohazard gear and first aid kits)
Contains detailed information relating to situations BOLO (Be On the Look Out)
A BOLO may be released by local, state, or national agencies for some of the following: Description of a missing person, stolen vehicle, suspicious activity, or a specific are needing extra patrol attention
Printed information, photographs, verbal reports, electronic messaging or internet postings are all ways to Disperse a BOLO
Following agency policies and procedures when filing a BOLO, officers should identify all significant information on a suspect including Name, description, date of birth, outstanding warrants and criminal history by running FCIC/NCIC check
The BOLO should include: Suspect's name & location; location of the incident; reason for the BOLO; alleged violation and/or reason wanted; person, vehicle, or property description; and last known mode and direction of travel
Possible sources of photographs are: Prior arrest photos, driver's license photographs, security videotapes, and photos obtained from family members
One of the first things new patrol officers must learn is The layout of their assigned area, district, or jurisdiction
Knowing these locations will help officers become familiar with the assigned area and enable them to respond quickly: Major roadways, landmarks, crime hazards, community habits, and emergency medical treatment and mental health facility locations, community resources (shelters, social service agencies, internal resources)
Repeated calls for service in a particular location may present an opportunity for the officer or agency to Initiate crime-prevention programs and promote local civic meetings
An officer should always have a map with the following highlighted Important landmarks and patrol areas highlighted
Officer's should identify groups in his area such as Neighborhood watch, business owners, mail carriers, utility and sanitation workers
Is anything abnormal at a specific time of day in a particular area Suspicious activity
High visibility, greater accessibility to the community, and the ability to closely investigate community concerns and observe activity in specific areas are advantages of Foot patrols
Usually the most effective patrolling that allows officers to cover a larger area and closely observe specific area are Vehicle and foot patrol
Is anything that poses a threat to people who encounter it Safety hazard
An officer who uses proactive patrolling alleviates potential hazards and protecting the community by Identifying and removing safety hazards
Once dispatch has notified an officer of a call, he or she should respond by Giving identification, current location, and confirmation of response
When selecting a route officers should Identify the safest and quickest roads to the call
The most direct call may not be the Quickest
Things an officer must consider when determining a route is Construction projects, street closings, special events may present obstacles, traffic, time of day, school zones, and congested areas
Prior to arriving at the scene, the officer should turn off Emergency lights and sirens at an adequate distance from the scene and reduce speed
Depending on agency policies, officers can turn off the vehicle headlights at night in order to approach a scene without being detected and should turn down The volume on radios and notify dispatch of their arrival by radio, cell phone, or computer to avoid excess noise
To make a preliminary assessment of a call officer's should Collect as much information as possible and whether other incidents have occurred at this location and nature
To avoid driving past the address and alerting suspects to the officer's presence, officers should use Streets that run parallel to the location of the call and stop short of the location and approach on foot.
Upon arriving at the scene of a call officers should identify: Suspicious vehicles or people leaving the immediate area of the call
To help identify potential suspects officers should: Write down tags of vehicles leaving the area, taking notes of people moving about or forming crowds, parked cars with motors running, hidden suspects
A preliminary assessment of the immediate are should be done from The patrol car
When exiting the patrol vehicle officers should do to reduce noise Gently and quietly close the door, place keys and other loose objects in pockets or secure items
Officers need to immediately identify areas that can be used for Cover and concealment
The best tactical position should be taken and maintained especially if the officer is waiting for Backup
From cover or concealment, officers should identify places where a suspect could potentially hide such as Roofs and nearby vehicles
To carefully check suspicious vehicles for occupants officers should Approach on foot
To determine if a vehicle has recently been driven at night, an officer should Feel the hood of the vehicle
Officers should use caution while checking the exterior perimeter of a building when approaching Corners, windows, and doors
Other possible hazards officers must remain conscious of are Animals, clotheslines, garbage cans, sprinkler heads, swimming pools
When examining the exterior of a building, officers must carry the flashlight in their Non-weapon hand and hold it away from their body
When encountering a suspicious person officers should maintain a Safe reactionary distance
When talking with a suspicious person officers should always watch the person's Hands and body language
By assessing the scene and making initial contact with the victim or witness officers should determine the type of Complaint (civil, criminal, felony, misdemeanor)
Once the officer determines the suspect is not in the area he or she can Contact and interview the victims and witnesses
When officers question a victim or complainant the should ask for Identification and personal information (proper names, addresses, phone numbers, and other contact information)
These are important for recording the accounts for constructing the report Good field notes
By describing the suspect or positively identifying the suspect will help to establish Probable cause in the investigation
The victim or witness may know other information that can help locate the individual such as: Places the suspect may have gone, where the suspect may live, location of friends, any known behavior patterns, what kind of vehicle suspect drives
The victim or witness may have personal knowledge of the suspect's Physical, medical, mental and emotional state, ethnic or cultural background
To help add to probable cause for future arrest, officers should obtain Written statements
When property is stolen or damaged officers need to get Description of the property and an estimate of the lost value
To help identify lost of stolen property officers the following should be noted in the report and entered into FCIC to help identify the property if found Serial numbers, owner-applied numbers, unique distinguishing identifiers (scratches or unique parts)
Elements of their surrounding that an officer must consider when making contact with a suspect or waiting for backup are Areas of cover and factors that may affect sight and hearing
When contacting a suspect officers should identify appropriate contact/arrest area and identify possible hazards and consider the suspect's Criminal history, behavior, possibility of having weapons, possible escape routes
A suspect may be contained by using Additional units to establish a perimeter
When moving forward to make contact with a suspect an officer should Approach cautiously and keep visual contact with the person while scanning the surroundings
Officers should ensure they keep appropriate distance between themselves and the suspect and stay alert by watching the suspect's Position, hand or foot movements, look for weapons or signs of weapons
If an officer believes the suspect poses a threat or may flee he or she should Handcuff the suspect immediately
The cover officer should not be assigned any duties other than Maintaining officer safety. Other officers may assist the contact and cover officer as requested
During a stop officers should ask suspects for information to be verified in FCIC/NCIC such as Name, DOB, address, SSN#, legal identification cards
If an interview becomes custodial, this must be issued Miranda warning. Suspect may waive his or her constitutional rights for the interview to continue
If the officer is certain the correct suspect has been detained this should be conducted if possible Show-up identification
If the FCIC/NCIC criminal history check reveals an unrelated outstanding warrant in the officers jurisdictions authority to arrest is made even if Probable cause has not been developed for current case
If the warrant is an out-of-state the suspect has committed this and must be held "Fugitive from justice"
Dispatch should confirm the warrant with the Issuing agency
If the issuing agency waives extradition or does not confirm a warrant (reasonable time) the suspect is released at the scene and agency policies vary regarding this action and whether they require a Report or field contact card
If custodial questioning is necessary Officers must issue Miranda warning
If another officer did the first search the transporting officer should Perform another search
During the search items removed during the search should be Kept beyond the prisoner's reach until they can be secured in the vehicle
If resistance is encountered during the loading and transporting of the prisoner the officer should respond with The appropriate level of force within agency policies and guidelines
Before transporting a prisoner an officer should call dispatch and provide Current location, destination, and beginning vehicle mileage
If a prisoner must be transported to a medical facility, officers should follow agency polices in reference to Accompanying or following in patrol vehicle
At the medical facility the prisoner should be constantly observed until His or her release from the facility
Special considerations may need to be made for a prisoner with a Physical, sensory, or language disability
The key when transporting a prisoner with special considerations is have flexibility within the boundaries of Personal safety and agency policies
At a detention facility officers should secure weapon(s) in a locked location such as Patrol vehicle's trunk, a weapons locker, or a lock box at the drop-off point
Officers should remember that even thought they are in a secure facility the booking are can be a Dangerous place
The transporting officer should keep contraband from a prisoner but needs to give the booking officer personal property that has been Removed from the prisoner and bagged at the scene
Juveniles may be taken to an adult jail or police lockup for no more than how many hours and for the purpose of 6 hours, fingerprinting and photographing as long as they are out of the sight and hearing of adults
A detaining officer is responsible for a juvenile in custody who suffers from Mental illness, medical abnormality, or effects of substance abuse
A juvenile is the officer's responsibility until one of the following assumes responsibility Parents, guardians, or a representative of the DCFS (Department of Children and Family Services)
Creates a permanent physical record that law enforcement agencies use to identify a person alive or dead and to compare with Fingerprinting
Are taken at booking to provide a visual record of each suspect Photographs
While patrolling citizens may give this to officers Found property
To handle found property officers should Inventory the item(s), complete a property/receipt form, and give items to the property clerk for storage
If found property is not evidence officers should, within department procedures, attempt to Return the property to the owner
One of the most common occurrences a patrol officer will deal with is Traffic violations
A simple traffic infraction can be the catalyst for Arrest, evidentiary/contraband discoveries, or criminal case resolutions
Some of the reasons officers may be called to direct traffic are Roadway obstructions, traffic crashes, special events, utility repairs, or broken traffic signals
When directing traffic, day or night, officers should wear A reflective safety vest
When directing traffic is necessary, since oral commands can confuse drivers and are ineffective officers should use Hand signals, whistles, flashlight, direction wands, reflective vest and gloves, traffic control box
Officers should give equal time to each side of traffic flow unless it is Heavier on one side than the other
Officers should try to follow the traffic signals Preset patterns
When encountering a traffic situation an officer should activate the emergency lights safely park the patrol vehicle On the shoulder or another location that does not obstruct traffic
Is usually the safest place to stand when directing traffic because the officer is most visible to motorists Center of intersection
When directing traffic from somewhere other than an intersection officers must find the safest possible area by avoiding standing Between two vehicles, directly in front of or behind a vehicle
To get a driver's attention officers should do the following Make eye contact, use a whistle, and use clear, crisp hand movements
An officer's job when directing traffic is to Maintain safety for drivers and pedestrians
This Florida Statue states that the driver must bring their car to a complete stop before arriving at an intersection to avoid injuring a pedestrian carrying a cane 316.1301
It is unlawful for any person not partially or totally blind or otherwise incapacitated to carry a white cane in a raised or extended way an is guilty of a Misdemeanor of the second degree
Directing traffic at night is difficult to make eye contact with drivers because of Limited visibility
Officers can improve their visibility to drivers at night or in rainy weather by using Flashlight, direction wand, or signal wand
When using a flashlight, direction wand, or signal wand an officer should make Bigger and slower motions cause short, sharp motions may be difficult to interpret
Areas with roadway damages that may require special attention from an officer when directing traffic Potholes, sunken or washed out areas, and broken pavement
After inspecting an area that requires special attention the officer should inform dispatch of The damage, location and what actions need to be taken
If damage is sever enough to pose a danger to vehicle traffic officers must Direct traffic around, request assistance from appropriate department to respond and provide barricades or road signs
An officer can only use this to enforce Florida statues parking violations Uniform Traffic Citation
To attach a vehicle violation to the vehicle F.S. statue 316.1945 states that a citation or parking summons in a Safe , conspicuous place (usually under the windshield wiper)
There are 3 ways to identify whether a driver violates F.S. 316.1945 and they are Stop, Stand, Park
When prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of LEO or traffic control sign or signal Stop or Stopping
The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily, for the purpose of, and while actually engaged in, receiving or discharging passengers, as may be permitted by law under this chapter Stand or Standing
The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers as may be permitted by law under this chapter Park or Parking
Anyone who parks in a designated handicapped space must have the Proper permit
When responding to an alarm some may require a faster response such as Financial institution, pharmacy, medical facility or veterinary office
When responding to an alarm, officers should park their patrol vehicle an Appropriate distance from the building
When responding to an alarm, in a residential neighborhood, officers may park their vehicle A few houses down and walk the rest of the way
If an officer drives past the address, he or she should Keep driving and stop farther down the street or around the corner
The alarm company may tell dispatch what type of alarm has gone off and may also know if the alarm is for a Burglary or robbery
Whatever the alarm's type or purpose, officers should be aware of their Surroundings and anticipate unknown risks
The size of the perimeter depends on this and may include these The situation and natural or man-made obstructions
The greatest threat in a building search is the possibility of a Hiding suspect who should be considered armed and dangerous
Searching the interior of an unfamiliar building presents a dilemma an officers should conduct A thorough, methodical search but avoid complacently following a set routine, as this can lead to fatal results
Officers should avoid searching a building alone and should use a partner or K9 because there are Too many variables, problem areas, and areas of responsibility
When working with a partner an officer must establish A plan to search and secure the building
Officers should avoid moving together or next to each other and position themselves so they Can return fire without placing each other in crossfire
When entering a building to secure it an officer should Draw his or her firearm and stand to the side of the door to avoid being an exposed target
An officer should never enter a doorway too quickly but instead should Stop, look and listen
When entering a residence an officer should Systematically search for the suspect, establish an interior boundary or perimeter, keep track of searched rooms or areas and who searched them, and note lights going on or off
When an officer feels it is safe interior roo, lights should be Turned on to help clear the building
Imagining the room is divided into portions is an option to scanning a room known as "Cutting the pie" or "Edging"
When officers enter a room they should move in Low and fast, one behind the other
Officers should alsways enter the room by using what type of pattern Crisscross or buttonhook technique
Officers stand on opposite sides of the doorways and rapidly enter one after another, crossing in front of each other in an X pattern Crisscross
Officers stand on opposite sides on the same side by hooking around the corner at the point of entry Buttonhook
Once inside a room officers should search a room using The leapfrog pattern
The most obvious sources of vehicle and owner information are the License tag and vehicle identification number (VIN)
(DHSMV) stands for Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
The most common locations of VIN numbers are Dashboard, bottom corner of the windshield on the driver's side or the driver's side doorjamb, or from the complainant or people in the area
Vehicles may need to be removed from the present location in some of the following cases if the vehicle is Abandoned, unattended, disabled or if an owner or driver is present
An inventory of a vehicle is a recognized exception to the Fourth Amendment search warrant requirement
An inventory of a vehicle is conducted to Protect the vehicle and contents, safeguard the agency and others from danger, and protect officers and custodians against false claims of loss or damage
An inventory should document the vehicle's overall condition such as Mileage, damage, contents and equipment (like radio, CD player, rims and GPS units
An inventory is legal only if the agency has a Written policy requiring inventories and officers follow it
Agencies will provide inventory forms which should include all items of value such as CDs, money, and jewelry
Often during inventories officers will find contraband or evidence of a crimes that may include Controlled substances, weapons, and burglary tools
The authority to search a vehicle is based on Probable cause, consent, or inventory (search incident to arrest---no longer allowed)
When searching the exterior and interior of a vehicle an officer should ensure all areas are checked and avoid Unnecessary damage to the vehicle or conveyance
To be consistent and thorough officers will search a vehicle using a Specific pattern and search and research the vehicle
Gloves should be worn when searching to protect against Discarded needles, weapons, or other hazards which could jeopardize safety
Officers must be cautious of suspicious buttons and switches in a vehicle as they could Activate explosives or chemical devices
If a vehicle is locked agency policy will determine whether to conduct a Visual search or call a locksmith
While conducting the inventory the officer shold document on the vehicle/property receipt form The items inside ad any damage on the vehicle
When searching a vehicle these should be removed from the vehicle, packaged, and taken back to the officer's agency Drugs, firearms and other contraband
When searching a vehicle, the entire process is documented an incident report goes along with the inventory and all other forms should be Submitted as agency policies require
The reporting/responding agency may send a crime scene technician to process the vehicle if a vehicle is involved in a crime and should Not be left unattended, the officer should not touch it or allow anyone in or around it until the crime scene technicians arrive
The officer should treat a vehicle involved in a crime as a crime scene until It is processed and fingerprinted by the crime scene technician or other responsible person
Regarding securing stolen vehicles as evidence officers should follow Agency policies
The officer should authorize a ____ on the vehicle on the property/inventory form if it is evidence Hold
Created by: goarmy
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