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Stufflet Unit 18

Unit 18 APUSH

QuestionAnswer
provided for college education, cheap loans, VA hospitals, and preferential job treatment for returning veterans of WWII Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)
term for demographic increase from 1945-1960 “Baby Boom”
mass produced housing community in Long Island, NY; exemplified growth of suburbs Levittown
term for movement of white Americans to the suburbs after WWII "white flight"
term to describe southern portion of US that saw demographic growth in the post-WWII years “Sun Belt”
nickname for Truman's domestic program Fair Deal
anti-union law that outlawed closed shops and created "right to work" laws Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
1st African-American to play major league baseball Jackie Robinson
southern Democrats who left Democratic Party b/c of Truman’s stance on civil rights; later joined Republican Party Dixiecrats
leader of southern Democrats who defected from Democratic Party over Truman's stance on civil rights Strom Thurmond
Period of tension between the US and Soviet Union (USSR) that lasted from 1945-1990 Cold War
wars where 3rd parties or substitutes are used “proxy” wars
America's post WWII foreign policy; sought to keep communism where it was and not let it spread Containment
outlined the policy of containment; 1st announced in response to Greece Truman Doctrine
referred to fortified border that USSR erected to separate eastern European satellite countries (Eastern bloc) from western Europe Iron Curtain
Stalin's plan to cut off West Berlin from supplies in western Germany by cutting off the land routes in Berlin Blockade
Truman's response to the Berlin Blockade; kept West Berlin supplied by air Berlin Airlift
Economic aid program to re-build European economies after WWII: gave $12 billion to European countries that wanted it Marshall Plan
western military alliance meant to defend all members from attack NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
eastern military alliance meant to defend all communist countries from attack Warsaw Pact
successful amphibious invasion of Korea led by Douglas MacArthur; Seoul retaken within 11 days Inchon
American general fired by Truman for publicly criticizing the Truman's policies Douglas MacArthur
created Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency National Security Act of 1947
Top secret policy paper that officially defined Cold War as clash b/w “good” and “evil” NSC-68
fear that there was communist infiltration at all levels of US govt in early 1950s Second Red Scare
claimed US government was infiltrated by communists including Secretary of State Dean Acheson and General George Marshall (Marshall Plan) Senator Joseph McCarthy
public hearings on TV that exposed McCarthy as a bully; resulted in his being censured by Senate Army-McCarthy Hearings of 1954
Committee in House of Representatives that was meant to expose communists in society, gov’t, entertainment industry House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
screenwriters, producers, directors who were accused of communism by HUAC; started "blacklisting" in entertainment industry Hollywood Ten
American couple accused of giving atomic secrets to Russians in 1950; executed Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Created by: stufflsb