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Civil War Vocab.

To study for test

election of 1860 the election that led the southern states to leave the union and form the confederacy
fort sumter the first shots of the civil war were fired here
jefferson davis president of the confederate states of america
border states slave states that remained in the union during the civil war
border states kentucky, missouri, maryland, delaware, and eventually west virginia
john c breckinridge southern democratic candidate in the election of 1860
stephen douglas northern democratic candidate in the election of 1860
abraham lincoln republican candidate in the election of 1860
abraham lincoln opposed the spread of slavery into the territories
john bell presidential candidate in 1860 for the costituational union party
john bell stood for a peaceful compromise to hold the union together in 1860
first bull run first major battle of the civil war; southern victory; showed that the war would be long and costly for both sides
anaconda plan union strategy for winning the war; blockade the south, divide the confederacy, and capture richmond, the CS capitol
winfield scott union general that was old but he came up with the anaconda plan
blockade to prevent a nation from trading or communicating with another nation by sea
shiloh battle in the southwestern tennessee that shocked the country with its heavy casualties
antietam fought in maryland, it is the single bloodiest day in american history
antietam battle that stopped the first confederate invasion to the North
antietam after this battle, lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation
gettysburg turning point of the civil war stopped lee's second invasion of the north
gettysburg battle that convinced engalnd and france to not ally with the south
gettysburg confederate army suffered so many casualties at this battle, they could not invade the north again
vicksburg capture of this city led to the union capturing the mississippi river
vicksburg battle that officially divided the confederacy in half
vicksburg grant won this siege on july 4th, thus officially dividing the confederacy in half
march to the sea the union army led by william sherman waged total war on the people of georgia to break their will to support the confederate army
william tecumseh sherman union general that used total warfare to destroy property, livestock, and transportation systems to force the southern people to surrender
appomattox courthouse lee and the confederate army officially surrendered to grant and the union army at his place on april 9th, 1865
david farragut union admiral from tennessee, responsible for the blockade of the confederacy
nathan bedford forrest confederate cavalry commander that used guerilla warfare on the union army mississippi and tennessee
ulysses s grant union commander that finally defeated robert e lee and won the war
ulysses s grant won the battles of forts henry and donelson, shiloh, vicksburg, and chattanooga for the union
robert e lee confederate general responsible for the forces defending richmond
robert e lee won the seven days battles, second bull run, fredericksburg and chencellorsville
stonewall jackson confederate general that saved the day at first bull run and earned a famous nickname
emancipation proclamation order issued by lincoln that officially, freed the slaves in the confederate states but not in the border states
emancipation proclamation officially allowed african americans to enlist and fight in the US army
gettysburg address brief speech given by abraham lincoln that summed up the goals of the war and honored the dead
54th massachusetts the first all-black regiment to fight the union army
nashville the 13th colored troops helped to destroy the confederate army in tennessee at this battle
sam watkins a soldier from clarksville that kept a journal about his experiences in the confederate army
elisha hunt rhodes he kept a diary about life as a soldier in the union army
fort wagner the 54th massachusetts showed their bravery and earned the respect of the union army when they charged this fort
henry and donelson the capture of these two forts helped the union control the tennessee river system
john wilkes booth southerner that assasinated president lincoln at ford's theater
13th amendment officially abolished slavery in the united states of america
14th amendment definedd citizenship and guaranteed equal protection under the law for african americans
15th amendment gave african american men the right to vote
ten percent plan the name of lincoln's plan for reconstruction, it was lenient and made it easy for the southern states to rejoin the union
andrew johnson democrat from tennessee, he was lincoln's vice-president and became president after his assassination
andrew johnson his plan for reconstruction was too lenient, encouraged states to pass black codes; vetoed legislation passed by congress
radical republicans group of congressmen whose reconstruction plan was too harsh on the south they also impeached andrew johnson
black codes laws passed by individual states to limit the rights and freedoms of african americans
military reconstruction act law passed by congress that divided the southern states into five military districts until they ratified the 14th and 15th amendments
freedmen's bureau government agency that was created to help newly freedmen and poor whites with jobs, medical and education
poll tax state law that requires citizens to pay a fee before they are able to vote
tenure of office act law passed by congress and vetoed by andrew johnson that said he had to get congress' permission to fire any member of his cabinet
impeachment to formally charge the president with a crime; a trial is then held in the senate
freedmen slaves that had been freed by the 13th amendment
segregation the separation of blacks and whites in public places like bathrooms and schools
jim crow laws laws passed by the southern states that enforced segregation of public places
william brownlow republican governor of tennessee during reconstruction, he was very hard on southerners that fought and served with the confederacy; also owned his own newspaper
vigilante a person that takes justice into their own hands and punishes others without a trial or due process
carpetbaggers northerners that moved south to help out wiht or profit from reconstruction
scalawags a southerner that were republicans during reconstruction, often targets of violence
compromise of 1877 agreement that officially ended reconstruction
compromise of 1877 deal made between democrats and republicans in which rutherford b hayes was made president in exchange for union troops being removed from the southern states
rutherford b hayes republican president that officially ended reconstruction in 1877
reconstruction time period 1865-1877 following the civil war in which the south was rebuilt politically, economically, and socially
Created by: siscoive000
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