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PRAXIS 053/Cases

Court Cases

1954, Brown v. Board of Education Based on the segregation of students according to race, it was tried at the Supreme Court who ordered that education must be on equal terms for all children.
1967, Hobson v. Hansen Determined the tracking system for regular and special education students based on intelligence scores was discriminatorily unconstitutional for some populations of students and could not be used.
1999, Cedar Rapids v. Garrett F. Ruled that medical services necessary to a student with a disability to access and benefit from special education must be provided by the school as long as the service does not require a physician.
1972, Mills v. Board of Education Determined that financial problems cannot be a reason for the lack of appropriate programs to children with disabilities.
1998, Foley v. Special School District of St. Louis County Affirmed that public schools are not obligated to provide special education services if parents choose to place their child in a private school.
1972, Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens v. the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Established the right for all children with mental retardation to a free public education.
1993, Oberti v. Board of Education Ruled to support a family preference to educate a child with mental retardation in the general education classroom.
1979, Armstrong v. Kline Ordered schools to provide extended school year services for students with disabilities who may regress over long periods without attending formal school programs.
1993, Zobrest v. Catalina School District Determined that a student in a parochial school should be provided the assistance of a related service pertaining to the disability and that these findings did not violate the constitution of the separation of church and state.
1979, Larry P. v. Riles Ruled that IQ tests could not be used as the primary or sole basis of placing students in special programs.
1989, Timothy v. Rochester School District Upheld that all children with disabilities must be provided a free and appropriate public education without exception.
1982, Board of Education of the Hudson School District v. Rowley Upheld that each child with a disability has the right to an individualized program and supportive services deemed appropriate and necessary.
1988, Honig v. Doe Ruled that students with disabilities may not be excluded for misbehavior that is disability-related, but services could cease if the behavior was not related to the disability.
1983, Abrahamson v. Hershman Ruled that the training and education for a student with multiple disabilities required in private residential placement would be supported through district funds.
1984, Irving Independent School District v. Tatro Forced the school to provide non-physician required medical services to allow a physically impaired student to attend school.
1984, Department of Education v. Katherine D. Ruled homebound instruction for a student with multiple health problems did not comply with the LRE and required the student be placed in a class with non-disabled children and receive the necessary related medical services.
Created by: pkooyman