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CL-Unit 02 Vocabular

Magna Carta A written legal agreement signed in 1215 by King John that limited the English monarch's power, effectively ending the absolute monarchy and offering protections to the people.
Petition of Right A constitutional document in England, signed in 1628 by King Charles I that laid out specific protections against the state
English Bill of Rights Act signed in 1689 signed by King William III and Queen Mary II which outlined specific constitutional and civil rights, and which gave the parliament power of the monarchy.
Social Contract An agreement by which people give up freedoms to a leader who can ensure protection of their rights
Natural Laws Unchanging moral principles and rights, such as Locke's "life, liberty, and property"
Checks and Balances A system of government that separated government power and then creating "checks" in the system to ensures one branch of government does not gain too much power
Mayflower Compact A formal document written by the passengers of the Mayflower upon landing in North America that outlined the governing system of the Plymouth colony.
"Common Sense" A pamphlet published by Thomas Payne in 1775 or 1776 that advocated for the independence of the American colonists from Great Britain
Virginia Declaration of Rights A document drafted in 1776 by George Mason that declared the inherent rights of man, and became the basis for the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence Document written in 1776 by Thomas Jefferson that declared the American colonists' intention to break away from British rule
Created by: Mr. Scherer
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