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PRAXIS 053/Exception

Types of Exceptionalities

Autism Communication and language deficits, impaired social relationships often interacting with objects and people in unusual manners, exhibition of difficult behaviors, and demonstration of limited intellectual functioning and atypical reactions to stimuli.
Visual Impairment Problems with developing language concepts, impaired motor development and mobility, lack of social adjustment skills, and problematic relationship interactions.
Emotional Disturbance/Behavioral Disorder Exhibits inappropriate internalizing and externalizing behaviors, atypical emotions, and disruptive behaviors and lacks the skills for developing positive relationships.
Traumatic Brain Injury Difficulties in the areas of cognition, memory, attention, judgment, and problem solving, as well as physical and sensory changes, social, behavioral, or emotional problems.
Hearing Impairment Difficulties processing linguistic information and using spoken language to communicate problems with social relationships, deficits in emotional maturity, and delays in academics.
Speech/Language Impairment Difficulties using expressive and receptive language, delays in pragmatics and problems with fluency, voice, and articulation.
Mental Retardation Dificits in adaptive behaviors, problems with learning related to cognition, difficulties with memory, issues with problem solving, delays in social skills, difficulties generalizing skills, and attention problems.
Specific Learning Disability Achievement is not commensurate with abilities and demonstrates difficulties with listening, reasoning, memory, attention, social skills, perception, and processing information, which may emerge with problems in reading, writing, math, and behavior.
Orthopedic Impairment Physical problems such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and spina bifida, possibly requiring adaptations with devices and equipment.
Other Health Impairment Conditions of medical problems with limited strength, vitality, and alertness, such as diabetes, epilepsy, attention deficits, and disease.
Created by: pkooyman
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