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Stack #37381

B3 Clinical Nutrition Exam 3

Best indicator of Cerebral Infarction Lipoprotein (a)
Primary protein in HDL Apo A-1
good predictor of early MI in young men Low HDL level
primary protein in LDL Apo B
best predictor of early CAD in adolescent and young adult Apo A-1 : Apo B
Marker for inflammation C- Reactive Protein
Promotes atherosclerotic plaquing, thrombus formation, & hyperviscosity Fibrinogen
hydrogenation of oil yeilds 60%......? cis-Linoleic
generally associated with increased LDL, & decreased HDL & atherosclerotic plaquing saturated fats
18C in animal fat & cocoa butter) does not ↑LDL Steric Acid
16C in animal fat & palm kernel oil - did ↑ LDL Palmatic Acid
↓ LDL, VLDL, AND HDLs! Polyunsaturated fats
↓ LDL, ↑HDL, & ↓ lipid peroxidation Oleic Acid
Delta-6 desaturase converts linoleic acid to GLA
Delta-6 desaturase o Converts alpha linolenic acid to EPA
Exercise 5 or more times per week reduce HD chance to 46%
o 20-40% of all heart patients have hyperhomocystinemia
protein synthesized by the liver which is necessary for normal blood clotting fibrinogen
flush is caused by release of histamine from mast cells assoc. with niacin or nicotinic acid
excess vitamin can damage smooth myo D
vitamin inhibits lipid peroxidation E
regulates and protects arterial endothelium E
↑ the ability of the heart to metabolize FAs thereby ↑ing energy & ↓ing angina Carnitine
can decrease total cholesterol & TGs while ↑ing HDLs Carnitine
red meat is good source for carnitine
o Facilitates cellular respiration CoQ10
CoQ10 AKA Ubiquinone -- concentrated in the heart myo
supplemental to reverse atherosclerosis chromiun and soy lecithin
vegetable reputed to lower cholesterol 2 raw carrots per day
vegetable that lowers BP due to 3-n-butyl phthalate raw Celery
high consumption of fat was the major dietary risk factor for Prostate cancer
Independant predictor of Prostate CA Calcium intake (incr intake incr risk)
leading risk factor for Prostate Cancer mortality. consumption of animal fat
double risk of Non-hodgkins lymphoma high red meat consumption
whole milk intake and high consumption of saturated fats associated with lung cancer
antioxidants that induces apoptosis in tumor cells without affecting normal cells glutathione, Beta Carotene, Vitamin E
preferred substrate for CA cells glucose
best predictor of whether a woman’s breast cancer recurs high insulin levels
inhibits conversion of AA to PGE2 Oleic Acid (olive oil)
inhibits tumor angiogenesis Gamma linolenic acid (evening primrose)
promotes tumorigenesis and mets excess Omega 6 (linoleic acid)
more protection against prostate cancer than any other dietary factor soy
active anticarcinogen in soy (antiangiogenic properties) genestein
anti carcinogenic traditional chinese formula PC Spes
common denominator in Pt.’s w/ idiopathic & gouty stone formation a low urinary pH
most common cause kidney stones purine intake in the diet
Created by: dc2bx2