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To 1860

cash crop farm crop raised to be sold for money such as tobacco
Plantation large estate farmed by many workers
Declaration of Independence Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Patriots American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
Articles of Confederation 1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive
Shay's Rebellion Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise between northern and southern states at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the enslaved population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
Antifederalists those who favor a weaker national government and opposed the constitution. Power to the states.
Federalists supporters of the Constitution who wanted a strong national government
Federalism A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Separation of Powers Constitutional division of powers among the legislative
Constitution A written plan of government for the US that divided powers between the state and national government. It also created three branches of government.
George Washington 1st President of the United States under the Constitution; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
Louisiana Purchase 1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson
Lewis and Clark Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
Monroe Doctrine A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Missouri Compromise "Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer
Trail of Tears The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee
Manifest Destiny 1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Eli Whitney United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Abolitionist Movement Movement to end slavery
Elizabeth Cady Stanton A prominent advocate of women's rights
Legislative Branch the branch of government that makes the laws
Executive Branch the branch of government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch the branch of government that interprets laws
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence; 3rd president of the U.S.
Free Soil Party A political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay's proposed agreement that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and but gave other territories in the Southwest the choice as to whether to allow slavery (popular sovereignty)
Fugitive Slave Act A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) American author
Dred Scott enslaved man who filed suit for his freedom
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States; assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Confederacy the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
Created by: MrsRoose
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