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AP Constitution ****

The Constitutional Convention & Road to Constitution

Where was the Constitutional Convention held? at Independence Hall, Philadelphia 1787
How many delegates in all attended the convention? 55 delegates
What were the average age of the delegates? in the low forties
What kind of professions did the delegates held? lawyers; business; slave owners; large landowners; high public office (governors, judges, legislators)
Who was the chairman of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
What did James Madison do during the convention made very fine and full notes of the proceedings (very valuable notes, and very secretive)
Who wrote the Federalist Papers? Hamilton, Madison, and Jay
Edmund Randolph pres ented the Virginia Plan
William Paterson presented the New Jersey Plan
Roger Sherman presented the Connecticut Plan
Virginia Plan called for a bicameral legislature with representation in both houses based on population
New Jersey Plan equal representation for each state in both houses of legislature
Connecticut Plan (Great Compromise) provided for a bicameral legislature with representation in the lower hosue (House of Representatives) according to population, and equal representation for each state in the upper house (Senate)
The economic compromise Would helped South by: making export taxes illegal and Congress would not interfer with the importation of slavery until 1808. In return, would help North by: permitting import taxes (tariffs) to be imposed by a simple majority vote (not a 2/3 vote)
The population count compromise Slaves would be counted as 3/5 a person when deciding representation and taxation
Founding Fathers of the Constitution Thomas Jefferson; James Madison; George Washington; Benjamin Franklin; James Madison; Alexander Hamilton
Road to the Constitution House of Burgesses; Mayflower Compact; Fundamental Orders of Connecticut; New England Confederation; Albany Plan of Union; Stamp Act Congress; Committees of Correspondence; 1st Continental Congress; 2nd Continental Congress; Declaration of Independence
Road to the Constitution (continue) Articles of Confederation; Treaty of Paris; Constitutional Convention
1619 House of Burgesses established in Virginia, America’s first representative assembly.
1620 Mayflower Compact sets up a governing system for the Plymouth colonists.
1639 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut represents America’s first written Constitution
1643 New England Confederation New England colonies cooperate to fight native American peoples
1754 Albany Plan of Union proposes a colonial confederation, but colonists reject it
1765 Stamp Act Congress petitions and forces repeal of the British Stamp Act; unifies boycott by colonies
1770 Committees of Correspondence unifies resistance to British policies
1774 First Continental Congress 12 colonies meet to petition the king to repeal “Intolerable Acts” and to organize a boycott.
1775 Second Continental Congress provides a government for the colonies during the Revolution
1776 Declaration of Independence declares separation of the colonies from Britain
1781 Articles of Confederation first national government
1783 Treaty of Paris ends the revolutionary war
1787 Constitutional Convention delegates meet to write a new constitution
1788 Constitution ratified 9 states ratified the Constitution
Created by: Tiffastic