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AP Articles of Con

Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation 1781 the 1st constitution of the U.S.
A confederation allows state to: keep the major powers of government
A confederation does not allow the central government to: force any state to act against its own will
What does a confederation emphasizes? rights of states
political problems with the Article of Confederation No chief executive; no judicial depart.; 2/3 (9) states were required to pass important laws; unicameral Congress; Con. were paid by the states & a state could recall any delegates at any time; unanimous vote to amend Articles; states could nullify treaty
economic problems with the Articles of Confederation Congress could request taxes from state but could not force the states to pay; could request men into service but could not draft men; no power to regulate interstate & foreign commerce; could not issue paper $
Committee of States consist of 1 delegate from each state; could, in absence of Congress, perform governmental functions; denied power to make any decisions or do anything which required a majority of 9 of the 13 states when Congress was in session.
What if a dispute arose between or among the states, that could not be resolve by the states? Congress establish a court to judge the dispute. There was no action to enforce the verdict.
Was there an adequate court system in each of the 13 states? Yes
Did the states collect the tax $ and turn it over tot he central government? The states did not pay the amount requested. In 1781 $8 million was requested. Over 2 years later, less than $1.5 million had been paid
Who did members of Congress serve? The states or the U.S.? Since Congress members were paid by the states, they acted as ambassadors for their states. They did not serve the U.S. nor, under this system, should they have done so. They were to protect and advance the interests of their own states.
Under the Articles, why would Congress members cooperate for the welfare of the U.S.? Only when cooperating would protect and advance the interest of their own state
In treaties, could the centeral government guarantee that states would cooperate? If states does not want to cooperate, it could nullify the treaty made
Albany Plan of Union (blank)
What was submitted by the Second Continental Congress? a declaration of independence and the Articles of Confederation
When was the Article approved? 1777 and submitted to each of the 13 states for ratification
Why didn't Maryland ratify the Articles until 1781? it refused to ratify until the other states agreed to abandon their claims to the western lands and cede the areas to the central gov.
Land Ordinance of 1785 NWT cut into square townships - 36 square miles each. Gov. sold no less than 1 square mile (640 acres) no less than $1 an acre. Companies and banks brought the land and resold to settlers in plots no smaller than 40 acres.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 made the NWT one political unit ruled by a governor and judges appointed by Con. 5000 male adults could organize a bicameral legislature and send delegate to Con. A territorial delegate could speak but not vote in Con. Need 60,000 people to form a state.
As of today, where is the Northwest Territory (NWT) of 1785? Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and an adjacent corner of Minnesota
In each township, one square mile (section) was reserved for: public education. THis was the first U.S. law granting aid to education
What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 guaranteed? trial by jury; freedom of worship; forbade slavery; provided for support of public education
The most significant concept of the Ordinance of 1787 every state that formed from the NWT would enter the Union with full rights and dignity like every other state
Created by: Tiffastic