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Psych Quiz 5

Chapter 11: Stress, Health, and Human Flourishing

Stress occurs when: an external, or occasionally internal, force of some kind acts upon a specific object or being
What are some components of stress? elastic tension, stretching, and expansion
Bigger than Life Phenomenon exaggeration of events; Rain Event -- Severe Weather Center -- Pandemic... WORD CHOICE SETS THE TONE
Relentless Bombardment constant questions; "Take our survey" -- "Like us on Facebook" -- "do you text? Have GroupMe...Hangouts...Indeed?"
Fear Everything constant fear made from society + media; Control Nothing -- Climate Change -- Pharmaceuticals Onslaught -- Pandemic -- Financial Trepidation...
Stress process of appraising and responding to a threatening or challenging event (includes stressor and stress reaction)
Positive effects of stress Short-lived or perceived as challenge / immune system mobilization; motivation; resilience
Negative effects of stress Extreme or prolonged stress / Risky decision making and unhealthy behaviors
Three types of Stressors Catastrophes, Significant life changes, daily hassles
Catastrophes large-scale disasters (COVID, wildfires) / acculturative stress (changing in society)
Significant life changes life transitions (when parents have kids and kids move out for college) / cluster of crises (many different problems)
Daily hassles compounded by prejudice and life circumstances / psychological and physical consequences
Which of the following is NOT one of the three main types of stressors? Bad season climate
Walter Cannon (Stress response system) Stress response is part of a unified mind-body system / fight-or-flight adaptive response
Hans Selye (Stress response system) general adaptation syndrome (GAS) / human body copes well with temporary stress but may be damaged by prolonged stress
The fight-or-flight response initiated by the sympathetic service system is responsible for all of the following physiological responses EXCEPT _______. pupil contraction
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Phase 1: Alarm reaction / Phase 2: Resistance / Phase 3: Exhaustion
Phase 1: Alarm reaction mobilize resources
Phase 2: Resistance cope with stressor
Phase 3: Exhaustion reserves depleted
Gender differences in coping strategies earlier death (grief), tend-and-befriend response (women seem to be better at this than men), withdrawal (go away from circumstance)
Health psychology subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
Psychoneuroimmunology study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health (learn how to balance)
Which branch of health psychology focuses on mind-body interactions? psychoneuroimmunology
What does stress have ability of doing? reduce the ability to fight disease (alters immune functioning that reduces the ability to resist infection)
B lymphocytes fight bacterial infections
T lymphocytes attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances (like bad food)
Microphage cells (big eaters) attack harmful invaders and worn-out cells
Natural killer cells (NK cells) attack diseased cells
Possible responses to bodily intruders B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, Microphage cells (big eaters), Natural killer cells (NK cells)
Cancer (Stress) stress DOES NOT create cancer cells
Heart Disease (Stress) coronary heart disease, type A personality, type B personality (stress increases)
Inflammation (Stress) blood vessel inflammation (stress increases)
Individualist cultures (anger management) venting rage
Catharsis (emotional release) (anger management) tends to fail to cleanse rage, can magnify anger (behavior feedback research), backfire potential
Anger management strategies wait, find healthy distractions or support, and distance yourself
Coping alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
Problem -focused coping attempting to alleviate stress directly -- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor
Emotion-focused coping attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and by attending to emotional needs related to our stress reaction
Perceived loss of control losing personal control provokes stress hormone output / rising stress hormone levels related to blood pressure increase and immune response decreases
Learned helplessness argue to stay helpless / uncontrollable bad events -> perceived lack of control -> generalized helpless behavior
External locus of control chance or outside forces control fate / posttraumatic stress symptoms
Internal locus of control people control their own fate / free will, willpower, and self-control
Will combination of attention [focusing consciousness] and effort [ overcoming inhibitions, distractions and laziness]
Operations that can be performed on the will train the will (practice / causing you to focus) / strengthen the will (becomes stronger) / surrender the will (give away (no longer need to do it))
William James defined will as a combination of attention and ______. effort
Self-control ability to control impulses and delay short-term gratification for longer-term rewards / predicts good health, higher income, and better school performance
Strengthening self-control practice in overcoming unwanted urges
Depleting self-control Depletion effect
What state of mind is created when we experience a series of bad events and develop feelings of passive resignation? Learned helplessness
Optimists expect to have more control, to cope better with stressful events, and to enjoy better health / tends to run in families (genetic)
Optimistic students tend to get better grades / respond to setbacks with more productive strategies
Social support feeling liked and encouraged by intimate friends and family / promotes happiness and health
Social isolation leads to higher loneliness and risk of death equivalent to smoking
Research-based findings about the health benefits of social support calms and reduces blood pressure and stress hormones / fosters stronger immune functioning / provides an opportunity to confide painful feelings
Aerobic exercise (reducing stress) sustained, oxygen-consuming exertion that increases heart and lung fitness
Benefits of exercise (reducing stress) adds to quality of life (moderate) / helps fight heart disease and reduce heart attack risk / predictor of life satisfaction / reduces depression and anxiety
Biofeedback (reducing stress) feedback from own body / recording, amplifying, and feeding back information about subtle physiological responses (many of which are controlled by the autonomic nervous system) / works best on tension headaches
Relaxation (reducing stress) helps alleviate headaches, hypertension, anxiety, and insomnia / lowers stress / promotes better wound healing
What Meditation Does (reducing stress) reduces suffering / improves awareness, insight and compassion
Mindfulness meditation relaxation and silent attendance to inner space; monitored breathing / linked with lessened anxiety and depression, as well as improved sleep, interpersonal relationships, and immune system functioning
What happens in the brain as mindfulness is practiced? strengthens connections among regions in our brain / activates brain regions associated with more reflective awareness / calms brain activation in emotional situations
Faith factor religiously active people tend to live longer than inactive people / women are more religiously active than men and outlive them
What can lead to better health? healthy behaviors, social support, positive emotions -- hope/optimism/coherence
Positive psychology (Seligman) feel-good, do-good phenomenon / subjective well-being
Core features of happiness good life the engages one's skills; meaningful life that extends beyond self (EXTENDS BEYOND SELF)/positive traits that focus on exploring and enhancing a wide range of behaviors (ENHANCING BEHAVIORS)/positive groups, communities, and cultures (SOCIAL)
What affects well-being? emotional ups and down of days and within-days rebound (rebounding from worse events takes longer; even tragedy is not permanently depressing)
Duration of emotions is? overestimated
Resiliency is? underestimated
Adaptation-level phenomenon happiness is relative to our own experience
Relative deprivation happiness is relative to the success of others
What is the Dalai Lama is trying to teach? external stress -> internal (not really external if you can make it internal) / clear up your mind and take care of your mental health / unify / FIND PEACE OF MIND / be kind and don't judge based on one's external features / OPEN YOUR EYES AND MIND
Created by: edandromeda
Popular Psychology sets




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