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Kunz - Chapter 7

KUNZ - Chapter 7 Creating a New Republic

QuestionAnswer
What kind of document sets out the laws and principles of a government? constitution
What word means "to carry out" or "to make happen?" execute
What is another term for an alliance? confederation
What is another term for a law? ordinance
What is a time period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises? economic depression
What was the first American constitution called? Articles of Confederation
What law set up a system for surveying and settling the Northwest Territory in townships? Land Ordinance of 1785
What law set up a government system for the Northwest Territory, including the requirements for statehood? Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Which protest showed citizens' anger against laws passed by the Massachusetts legislature to raise taxes and seize farms of those who could not pay? Shay's Rebellion
In order to keep America independent, the Continental Congress beleived it needed...? A central (federal) government
In America's early days, most citizens were more loyal to their _____________, than they were to their country. state
Under the Articles of Confederation, the new United States did not have a chief... ____________. executive
Under the Articles of Confederation _________ out of 13 states had to agree to all laws. Nine
Under the Articles of Confederation, congress did not have the power to ________ citizens. tax
Under the Articles of Confederation, there was no national ______________ system to settle arguments between states. court
Under the new Constitution, which branch created the laws? Legislative Branch
Under the new Constitution, which branch carried out the laws? Executive Branch
Under the new Constitution, which branch decides if laws are constitutional or if they are carried out fairly? Judicial Branch
What is a settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement? compromise
At which gathering in Pennsylvania did delegates from 12 states decide to rewrite the Articles of Confederation? Constitutional Convention
Who was the delegate from Virginia who helped create the Virginia Plan? James Madison
Which proposal suggested that state representation in congress should be based only on population? Virginia Plan
Which proposal suggested that every state should have only one vote in cogress? New Jersey Plan
Who created the Great Compromise by including ideas from both the Virginia and New Jersey Plans? Roger Sherman
What proposal suggeted that congress should be made up of two houses (groups); one with state representation based on population and the other alowing only two votes per state? Great Compromise
Which of the Continental Congress' decisions allowed slaves to be counted as a percentage of the population in Southern states? Three-Fifths Compromise
Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
In what type of government do citizens rule themselves through elected representatives? Republic
Representatives from each state who vote for the President and Vice-President are known as the... Electoral College
What is another word for "approve?" ratify
3 Constitutional Convention delegates refused to sign the new constitution because they believed it gave the new government too much... power
Delegates who wanted a strong central government beleived that the best way to protect everyone "life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness" is with a... republic
Delegates who wanted stronger state governments believed that a strong central government would threaten... individual liberty
Who is known as the "Father of the Constitution?" James Madison
Created by: mrskunz