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La Société Médiévale

The Medieval Society

Normans PEOPLE, from Normandy, France.
Feudalism system of relations between the members of the lords or knights of the upper class. These relations can include vassalage and chivalry.
Motte and Bailey form of castle situated on a raised earthwork and surrounded by a protective fence and moat.
Keep castle BUILDING where the lord and lady slept. most important building.
Battlements TOP of the KEEP were people could attack from when under siege.
Curtain Walls WALLS surrounding the castle.
Turrets small towers at the corners of the top of the keep.
Drawbridge A castle with a moat required a bridge to the main doors. These bridges were often able to be raised or lowered from the inside by ropes or chains, and a pulley or counterweight system to make the lifting easier. Most drawbridges were made of wood.
Portcullis GATE, consisting of an iron or wooden grating that hangs in the entry to the castle can be lowered to prevent passage.
Ramparts embankment built around a space for defensive purposes.
Moat ditch around the castle that made it difficult for attackers to lean a ladder against the wall, or to tunnel up to the wall to break through. often filled with water by diverting a nearby stream.
Bailey Castle courtyard
Latrine castle toilet
Spiral Staircase Staircase in the keep, leading up to the lords and ladys bedroom.
Great Hall hall in the KEEP where they feasted.
Tapestry Wall-hanging of heavy handwoven fabric with pictorial designs.
Solar 'sun room' in the castle.
Dungeon bottom part of KEEP tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress.
Pageboy first stage of becoming a knight.
Squire second stage of becoming a knight.
Knighthood last stage of becoming a knight.
Joust a 'fake fight' between two knights. Lances, horses, swordfight
Manor medieval village and land around it.
Charter where the king gave permission to have a town government.
Guild organisation, regulated the business of a craft.
Curfew ORDER, in feudal Europe, by which fires had to be covered up or put out at a certain fixed time in the evening, marked by the ringing of an evening bell.
Stocks PUNISHMENT where your hands had to be locked into a planck of wood.
Abbot the head of the monks.
Vassalage system of mutual obligations of a person, vassal, with a monarch, usually of military support and mutual protection, in exchange for certain guarantees: land. distinct from fidelitas, sworn loyalty of subject to king
Chivalry medieval PRINCIPLES, governing knighthood and knightly conduct
Feudalism decentralized, socio-political structure in which a WEAK MONARCHY attempts to control the lands of the realm through reciprocal agreements with regional leaders
Created by: historyspook