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Stufflet Unit 16

Unit 16 APUSH

QuestionAnswer
term that referred to the stock market collapse of 29 October 1929 Black Tuesday
trying to make a profit on something in the short-term solely by guessing about price fluctuations Speculation
stock market index that measures the prices of the country's 30 leading corporations Dow Jones Industrial Average
buying stock by paying for only a small fraction of the actual stock up front (10%) and borrowing the rest buying on margin
tariff that raised taxes on agricultural and manufactured goods that deepened the Depression in 1930 Hawley-Smoot Tariff (Tariff Act of 1930)
group of 20,000 WWI vets who marched on Washington to get their promised $1,000 war bonus early in 1932 Bonus Army
US general who dispersed the Bonus Army Douglas MacArthur
FDR’s plan to alleviate Depression New Deal
term that refers to FDR's 1st 3 months in office when 15 major pieces of legislation were passed Hundred Days
bank reform: insured deposits up to $5000 per account (1933) FDIC (Federal Depositor's Insurance Corporation)
relief to poor: $500 million in relief to poor Federal Emergency Relief Administration
relief to poor: Put 2 million young men to work in various beautification projects (improving environment) Civilian Conservation Corps
relief to poor: Put 4 million unemployed to work in various projects ($15 per week) Civil Works Administration
agricultural problems: Paid farmers subsidies to reduce land cultivation and herds (to drive up prices) Agricultural Adjustment Administration
industrial problems: tried to persuade industrial leaders to reduce hours of production and raise wages to at least 30-40 cents/hour National Recovery Administration
infrastructure: $3.3 billion to build roads, bridges, sewers, hospitals, airports, schools (Hoover Dam!) Public Works Administration
infrastructure: Controlled flooding of Tenn. River; harnessed power for electricity and developed industry Tennessee Valley Authority
2nd New Deal: $ to elderly poor, unemployed, disabled, unmarried mothers w/ children; pension for retirement Social Security Act
2nd New Deal: workers had right to join union; employers had to bargain in good faith National Labor Relations Act
2nd New Deal: Schools, playgrounds, airports, hospitals, roads, public art projects; employed 30% of unemployed Works Progress Administration
Louisiana politician who called for more radical re-distribution of American wealth by guaranteeing each family a $5,000 estate and "sharing the wealth" Huey Long
"radio priest" who said Depression was fault of Jews and that average workers needed more Father Charles Coughlin
said senior citizens not helped enough by New Deal; sought to give every senior citizen $200 per month; forebearer of Social Security Dr. Charles Francis Townsend
law that restored ancestral lands to Indian tribes, allowed them to establish self-government, and longer pushed assimilation Indian Reorganization Act
FDR's unpopular attempt to load the Supreme Court with liberal justices to uphold his New Deal programs “court packing” attempt of 1937
Created by: stufflsb