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BHB Practice

Practice Cards for the 2010 Black History Bee

Born Cassius Clay Muhammad Ali
Won Gold medal in the 1960 Olympics Muhammad Ali
Knocked out rival Sonny Liston in 1964 Muhammad Ali
Refused, on religious grounds, to enter the armed forces and fight in Vietnam and lost title Muhammad Ali
Regained title by beating Joe Friazer and George Foreman Muhammad Ali
Lit Olympic torch in 1996 Summer Games Muhammad Ali
Named “Sportsman of the Century” by Sports Illustrated Muhammad Ali
Currently suffers from Parkinson’s disease Muhammad Ali
Has raised over $45 million for their Parkinson Center Muhammad Ali
Tennis player Arthur Ashe
First black winner of major men’s singles championship Arthur Ashe
Competed in U.S. open 1968Won Davis Cup and Wimbledon Singles against Jimmy Connors Arthur Ashe
Author of A Hard Road to Glory Arthur Ashe
Wrote a book about African Americans in sports Arthur Ashe
Opera singer of 1930’s Marian Anderson
Denied chance to perform at Constitution Hall in Washington D.C. because black (1939) Marian Anderson
Eleanor Roosevelt Resigned for her post in the DAR when this person wasn’t allowed to perform at Constitution Hall (owned by the DAR-Daughters of the American Revolution) Marian Anderson
75,000 people came to see them sing on Easter Sunday at the Lincoln Memorial Marian Anderson
Well known author and poet Maya Angelou
Best known for “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” Maya Angelou
Biography talks about growing up during the Great Depression Maya Angelou
In 1993 invited to speak at Pres. Clinton’s Inauguration Ceremony Maya Angelou
Read poem “On the Pulse of Morning” at inauguration Maya Angelou
From New Orleans Louis Armstrong
Nicknamed “Satchmo” Louis Armstrong
Plays jazzy tunes on trumpet Louis Armstrong
Sings with a gruff voice Louis Armstrong
Has recorded many albums and made more than 50 movies Louis Armstrong
Best known for 1968 single “What a wonderful World” Louis Armstrong
Died of a heart attack in 1971 Louis Armstrong
Built first clock in the U.S after one look at a pocket watch Benjamin Banneker
Their Clock kept perfect time for over 40 yrs. Benjamin Banneker
Astronomer Benjamin Banneker
Correctly predicted the 1789 solar eclipse Benjamin Banneker
President Washington appointed them to a team that planned D.C.’s layout Benjamin Banneker
Had a photographic memory Benjamin Banneker
Published an almanac w/poems and weather info in 1792 Benjamin Banneker
First African American astronaut in space Guion Bluford
On space shuttle “Challenger” (1983) Guion Bluford
“Challenger” mission= first with a night launch and landing, lasted 6 days Guion Bluford
Together with their crew launched a weather satellite Guion Bluford
Trained to fly with Air Force Guion Bluford
Flew combat missions in Vietnam Guion Bluford
Logged over 688 hours in space before retirement Guion Bluford
Attended school by order of a judge (1960) Ruby Bridges
Attended Frantz Elementary, an all white school, in New Orleans (Age 6) Ruby Bridges
Angry mobs tried to prevent them from going to school Ruby Bridges
Escorted by armed federal marshals after Pres. Dwight Eisenhower’s order Ruby Bridges
Taught by Mrs. Henry Ruby Bridges
Teacher prayed for forgiveness for those who harassed this person Ruby Bridges
Popular poet at a young age Gwendolyn Brooks
Poems featured in popular magazines when very young Gwendolyn Brooks
Chicago Native Gwendolyn Brooks
Received Pulitzer Prize Gwendolyn Brooks
Received Lifetime Achievement Award Gwendolyn Brooks
Received the National Endowments for the Arts Award Gwendolyn Brooks
Received the National Endowments for the Arts Award Gwendolyn Brooks
Mother told them “The doors of the world are open to people who can read.” Ben Carson
Graduated from Yale and University of Michigan Medical School Ben Carson
Interests in the brain and surgery led to becoming a neurosurgeon Ben Carson
Dedicated life to healing children Ben Carson
At 33 (1984) became director of pediatric surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland Ben Carson
Became internationally known after separating conjoined twins, a surgery taking 24 hrs. Ben Carson
Developed over 300 products from peanuts including coffee, butter, adhesives, shampoo, face powder, ink, and vinegar. George Washington Carver
Taught Southern farmers that growing crops besides cotton could help the farm land George Washington Carver
Taught at Tuskegee University in Alabama George Washington Carver
Was offered jobs from Henry Ford and Thomas Edison George Washington Carver
Chose to stay in Tuskegee and help improve the lives of black farmers George Washington Carver
Born in Brooklyn, New York Shirley Chisholm
Grew up on grandmother’s farm Shirley Chisholm
Became a teacher after college Shirley Chisholm
Became first black woman in the US congress (1968) Shirley Chisholm
Served 14 yrs. in Congress Shirley Chisholm
Tried unsuccessfully to become president in 1972, (lost the democratic nomination to George McGovern). Shirley Chisholm
Born on plantation in Massachusetts Frederick Douglas
Poorly treated slave until escape to Philadelphia disguised as a sailor Frederick Douglas
Began speaking and writing publicly about evils of slavery Frederick Douglas
Published the first anti-slavery magazine The North Star Frederick Douglas
Convinced Lincoln to accept black soldiers in Union Army Frederick Douglas
Spoke out about education, land ownership, and civil rights for the newly freed people Frederick Douglas
Studied 4 types of human blood and how to preserve it Charles Richard Drew
Discovered and became an expert on collecting, storing, processing, and shipping blood plasma Charles Richard Drew
Developed blood banks Charles Richard Drew
Their methods helped save lives of thousands of soldiers during WWII Charles Richard Drew
Became director of the Red Cross blood collection Charles Richard Drew
Gifted scholar, writer, and advocate of human rights W.E.B. DuBois
Considered on of the most influential black leaders of their time W.E.B. DuBois
Was one of the founders of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) in 1909. W.E.B. DuBois
Nicknamed “Duke” Edward Ellington
Got their nickname for the flashy way they dressed Edward Ellington
Famous as a musician, composer, and band leader Edward Ellington
Band named The Washingtonians Edward Ellington
Played Harlem’s Cotton Club Edward Ellington
Played opera houses in New York, Chicago, and San Francisco Edward Ellington
Singer known as the “Queen of Soul” Aretha Franklin
Diva of pop music Aretha Franklin
Well known for 1967 hit “Respect” Aretha Franklin
Sold millions of albums and won 15 grammy awards Aretha Franklin
In 1987 was the first female performer inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Aretha Franklin
In 2009 sang “America the Beautiful” at President Obama’s Inauguration Aretha Franklin
Invented the folding cabinet bed Sarah Goode
Their space-saver folded up against the wall for people living in small apartments Sarah Goode
Was the first Afr. Am. Woman inventor to ever receive a patent (1885) Sarah Goode
Owned and operated a furniture story in Chicago Sarah Goode
Opened their own record store in Detroit Barry Gordy
In 1959 founded Motown Records Barry Gordy
Record company earned its first gold record with Smokey Robinson’s hit “Shop Around” Barry Gordy
Also records for The Supremes, Stevie Wonder, and the Jackson Five Barry Gordy
In 1909 became the first person ever to reach the North Pole Matthew Henson
Placed and American flag mark on the N. Pole to mark accomplishment Matthew Henson
Traveled with Robert Peary by dog sled with Eskimo Guides Matthew Henson
Was the best dog sled driver, so they led the team Matthew Henson
Partner moved more slowly due to frostbite on his toes Matthew Henson
Was awarded the congressional Medal of Honor in 1944 Matthew Henson
Best known for poetry writings, but also wrote plays, biographies, stories and televistion scripts Langston Hughes
Poems celebrate the ordinary black people, the people they respected Langston Hughes
Strong black pride flows through all their work Langston Hughes
In 1960 the NAACP declared them “Poet Laureate of the Negro Race” Langston Hughes
Born in Chicago (1956) Mae Jemison
First black woman to travel in space Mae Jemison
On the Space shuttle Endeavor Mae Jemison
Graduated from Stanford University and Cornell University Mae Jemison
Joined NASA space program in 1987 Mae Jemison
Instructor of Dartmouth University in New Hampshire Mae Jemison
Head of a Publishing Company John Johnson
Started “Ebony” magazine (1945) John Johnson
Company is largest black-owned publishing company in the world John Johnson
Started “Jet” magazine (1951) John Johnson
Chairman and founder of Black Entertainment Television (BET) Robert Johnson
Graduate of the University of Illinois (1968) Robert Johnson
One of the richest and most influential figures in American media Robert Johnson
Created the first and only cable network targeted to African Americans Robert Johnson
Company became the first black-owned firm to go onto the New York Stock Exchange (1991) Robert Johnson
Was a great composer and pianist Scott Joplin
Learned to play piano on own as a child in Texas Scott Joplin
Played and composed ragtime music Scott Joplin
Wrote 2 operas Scott Joplin
Composed over 60 songs including “The Entertainer” Scott Joplin
Graduated from Texas Southern University and Boston University Barbara Jordon
First Black female State senator ever elected Barbara Jordon
In 1966 served the state of Texas Barbara Jordon
Worked for 12 years as a member of congress Barbara Jordon
Left public office to teach at University of Texas Barbara Jordon
In 1995 received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Pres. Bill Clinton Barbara Jordon
Born in Atlanta, GA Martin Luther King
Attended Morehouse College Martin Luther King
Ordained as a Baptist Minister Martin Luther King
Studied teaching of Mahatma Gandhi Martin Luther King
Promoted the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1956 Martin Luther King
In 1964 was awarded the Noble Peace Prize Martin Luther King
Led the Famous March on Washington D.C. Martin Luther King
Gave “I have a Dream” speech to over 250,000 people Martin Luther King
Speech gave new energy to the civil rights movement Martin Luther King
On April 4, 1968 was shot and killed by James Earl Ray Martin Luther King
Laid to rest at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta Martin Luther King
The National Holiday celebrating their birthday was signed into law by Pres. Ronald Reagan in 1986 Martin Luther King
Became first black supreme court justice in 1967. Thurgood Marshall
Appointed by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson Thurgood Marshall
Best known for their work as the lawyer of the NAACP in Brown vs. Board of Education Thurgood Marshall
Argued segregated schools were against the law and won, opening schools to all students Thurgood Marshall
Brilliant inventor who invented the gas mask that helps firefighters work longer in fires Garret Morgan
Invented the 3-way traffic light Garret Morgan
Patented automatic traffic light in 1923 Garret Morgan
Sold invention to General Electric for $40,000. Garret Morgan
Current U.S. President Barack Obama
Former US Senator of Illinois Barack Obama
Born in Hawaii and lived in Indonesia Barack Obama
Graduated from Columbia University and Harvard Law School Barack Obama
Published two best-selling books: Dreams from my Father and The Audacity of Hope Barack Obama
Campaigned against Hilary Clinton for Democratic nomination for Pres. in 2008 election Barack Obama
Select Joseph Biden as running mate and eventual Vice Pres. Barack Obama
Defeated John McCain and Sarah Palin Barack Obama
Major issues currently being faced: recession and health care reform Barack Obama
At age 22 won 4 gold medals in track and field events in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, Germany Jesse Owens
Adolph Hitler was Nazi leader of Germany when they competed in Olympics in Berlin. Jesse Owens
Hitler was convinced that Germans were the “master race” Jesse Owens
Set new world records that made Hitler furious Jesse Owens
Their victories helped demonstrate how athletic competition can improve racial problems and bring people together Jesse Owens
Refused to give up seat to white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus, even knowing punishment was likely Rosa Parks
Broke a 1955 law Rosa Parks
Their peaceful protest helped spark the civil rights movement of the 1960’s Rosa Parks
Boycott that resulted from their action lasted just over 1 year (381) days and the law changed Rosa Parks
Made history even after their death in 2005 at age of 92 by becoming the first woman to lie in state at the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C. Rosa Parks
Drafted by the Chicago Bears in 1975 Walter Payton
Played w/ Bears until 1987 Walter Payton
Often considered the greatest running back in the history of football Walter Payton
Held many records for rushing the football Walter Payton
Was active in local charities Walter Payton
Son, Jarrett gave speech at this person’s induction into the Football Hall of Fame Walter Payton
Died in 1999 of a rare liver disease Walter Payton
Their death increased awareness of the importance of organ donation Walter Payton
Known as one of the West’s most exciting cowboys Bill Pickett
Worked on the 101 Ranch in Oklahoma Bill Pickett
Worked with Will Rodgers Bill Pickett
Perfected the art of steer wrestling Bill Pickett
Performed in rodeo shows in London, New York City, and Mexico City. Bill Pickett
Was the first black actor to win an Oscar award Sidney Poitier
Won an Oscar for role in “Lillies of the Field” (1963 film) Sidney Poitier
Best known for portrayal of a black doctor who plans to marry a white woman in “Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?” Sidney Poitier
Co-starred with Katherine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy in a movie that was the first to deal with the situation of interracial relationships. Sidney Poitier
Became the 1st black U.S. secretary of State in 2001 Colin Powell
Formerly chairman of the U.S. Join Chiefs of Staff- the highest military post in the U.S. Colin Powell
4 start general that played a leading role in Operation Desert Storm in the Persian Gulf Colin Powell
In 2005 was sworn in as the U.S. Secretary of State, following Colin Powell Condoleeza Rice
Appointed in 2001 to be the National Security Advisor by Pres. George W. Bush Condoleeza Rice
Before taking high ranking government positions, was a professor of political Science at Stanford University Condoleeza Rice
Started college at age 15 at the University of Denver Condoleeza Rice
Got Master’s Degree from University of Notre Dame. Condoleeza Rice
Son of a slave who escaped on the Underground Railroad Paul Robeson
Brilliant student and talented athlete Paul Robeson
Only the 3rd black person admitted to Rutgers University Paul Robeson
Earned 12 varsity letters in baseball, football, basketball, and track Paul Robeson
Elected Phi Beta Kappa, a national honor society for outstanding students Paul Robeson
Graduated Valedictorian Paul Robeson
Earned a law degree in just 2 yrs., but was most interested in acting Paul Robeson
Played Joe in the musical “Showboat” Paul Robeson
Had a popular rendition of “Ol’ Man River” Paul Robeson
Starred in Shakespeare’s “Othello” in England to sold out crowds Paul Robeson
First black man to play on a Major League Baseball Team Jackie Robinson
Signed by Branch Ricky to Brooklyn Dodgers in 1945 Jackie Robinson
Played for Kansas City Monarchs (a Negro National League team) Jackie Robinson
Often treated badly by other players and fans Jackie Robinson
Named Rookie of the Year, Most Valuable Player, and inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame Jackie Robinson
This person’s success and personal strength paved the way for other black Americans Jackie Robinson
Was told at the age of 4 that they would never walk again Wilma Rudolph
In 1960 Olympics in Rome won 3 gold medals and the title of world’s fastest woman Wilma Rudolph
Set the world record of 22.9 seconds for the 200 meter race Wilma Rudolph
Became a teacher and Coach Wilma Rudolph
Tremendous voice earned them the title “Empress of the Blues” Bessie Smith
Born in Chattanooga, TN Bessie Smith
Sang with famous blues singer Ma Rainey Bessie Smith
Soon became the highest paid blues singer in the county Bessie Smith
Their 1923 record “Down Hearted Blues” sold 2 million copies Bessie Smith
Played college basketball for Texas Tech University Sheryl Swoopes
Scored 47 points in the National Championship game Sheryl Swoopes
Earned 3 Olympic Gold medals with the US women’s basketball team in 1996, 2000, and 2004 Sheryl Swoopes
Was one of the first women drafted to play professionally in the WNBA with the Houston Comets Sheryl Swoopes
Lead the Comets to 4 consecutive championships Sheryl Swoopes
Very dramatic and effective speaker Sojourner Truth
Traveled across county giving speeches on slavery and women’s rights Sojourner Truth
Changed their name to Isabella Baumfree after escaping slavery Sojourner Truth
Famoust speech “Ain’t I a Woman?” was given at the 1851 Women’s Rights Convention Sojourner Truth
Could not read or write, but gave powerful speeches Sojourner Truth
Was invited to the White House by Abraham Lincoln Sojourner Truth
“The Moses of her people” Harriet Tubman
Helped bring over 300 slaves to freedom using the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman
Helped slaves escape by traveling from one safe place to another until they reached the free North Harriet Tubman
Led own parents to freedom Harriet Tubman
Made 19 rescue trips and was never caught Harriet Tubman
Served as a nurse and spy for the Union army during the Civil War Harriet Tubman
In 1978 the U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in this person’s honor Harriet Tubman
While living in St. Louis, discovered that their hair was falling out so they created a mixture to cure the problem. Madame C. J. Walker
Began selling their product door to door Madame C. J. Walker
Business grew and expanded to Denver, Colorado Madame C. J. Walker
Became famous for hair care products Madame C. J. Walker
In 1910 opened a factory in Indianapolis that employed 5,000 black women Madame C. J. Walker
Became America’s first black female millionaire Madame C. J. Walker
Part owner of a Memphis newspaper called “Free Speech” Ida B. Wells
Journalist who spoke out against the action of lynching, or hanging, of black men Ida B. Wells
Wrote angry articles and even published names of men responsible for hangings Ida B. Wells
Co-founder of the NAACP in 1909 with W.E.B. DuBois Ida B. Wells
Kidnapped by slave traders at age 8 and brought to America Phyllis Wheatly
Purchased by a family who soon realized they were very intelligent Phyllis Wheatly
Learned to read and write which was disallowed for most slaves Phyllis Wheatly
Became known internationally as a gifted poet during the Revolutionary War period Phyllis Wheatly
Their poems were recognized by John Hancock and George Washington Phyllis Wheatly
Died at age 31 Phyllis Wheatly
Popular television personality Oprah Winfrey
Got first big break hosting the talk show “AM Chicago” which was renamed in 1985 Oprah Winfrey
Their intelligence, honesty, and engaging personality attracted a wide audience Oprah Winfrey
Projects including a book club and The Angel Network promote literacy and philanthropy Oprah Winfrey
First black woman to obtain billionaire status Oprah Winfrey
In 1893 became a surgeon who did the world’s first successful heart operation Daniel Hale Williams
Opened a hospital in Chicago to provide medical training for black doctors and nurses Daniel Hale Williams
Opened over 40 hospitals for black patients since many hospitals only provided help to white patients Daniel Hale Williams
Known as “The Black Edison” Granville T. Woods
Brilliant inventore received over 60 patents for inventions Granville T. Woods
Patented the telephone transmitter which the American Bella Company bought the rights to Granville T. Woods
Created the electric egg incubator Granville T. Woods
Invented the automatic air brake system increasing railroad safety Granville T. Woods
Other inventions made the “third rail” on subway systems possible Granville T. Woods
Made a transmitter for sending messages between trains and stations improving safety and communication Granville T. Woods
Created by: neuens