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Greek Mythology!

Greek Mythology and Roman Emperors by Tony D.

Titan - Zeus’ Father; husband of Rhea, slain by Zeus Kronos
Titan - The Earth Goddess, wife of Oranos, mother of all living things; tellurium named after her Gaia
Titan of the Sky, husband of Gaia, original lord of Creation, castrated and deposed by Kronos, his son (Atlas holds him on his shoulders so he doesn’t touch the Earth) Oranos
Titan – wife of Kronos, birthed the six main Olympian gods and goddesses, including Zeus. Rhea
Ruler of the Gods, god of the sky; known for his lightning bolt, as well as numerous liaisons with mortal women, including Io and Leta. Husband and brother of Hera. Zeus
God of the sea and earthquakes, also patron god of horses. Known for trident and chariots. Famous offspring : Polyphemus, Bellerophon, and Theseus Poseidon
God of the Underworld, husband of Persephone. Also patron god of funeral rites, mining, and riches. Known for the pomegranate. Hades
Queen of the Gods; goddess of marriage, known for extreme jealousy and revenge, especially upon Zeus’ mortal lovers. Wife and sister of Zeus, mother of Hephaestus Hera
Goddess of beauty and love; known for the dove, apple, scallop shell, and mirror. Unwilling wife of Hephaestus; had affairs with Ares. Born of sea foam. Aphrodite
Goddess of wisdom and defensive war; also patron of weaving and pottery. Known for the aegis and spear, the owl, and the olive tree. A virgin goddess. Athena
The Messenger God; patron god of roads, travelers, husbandry, and trade; known for winged boots, cap of invisibility, cattle, and the shepherd’s pipe. Hermes
God of war, battle-lust and manly courage; known for spear, armor, and the snake. Ares
God of the forge and fire; known for hammer and tongs and the donkey. Husband of Aphrodite and forged Zeus’ lightning bolts. Hephaestus
Goddess of the hearth; patron goddess of the home, sacrificial flame, and family meal. Tended the fire in the Hall of Olympus. A virgin goddess. Hestia
God of music, healing, prophecy, and oracles. Known for the laurel wreath, raven, and lyre. Son of Leto and Zeus; twin of Artemis. Slew the serpent python at the Oracle of Delphi. Apollo
Goddess of the hunt and wilderness; known for (with Apollo) bringing disease and plague, as well as the bow-and quiver. A virgin goddess; turned Acteon into a stag for viewing her bathing. Artemis
God of wine and revelry; known for the thyrsos ( a pine-cone tipped staff), the leopard, and the fruit vine. Rituals often orgiastic and wild in nature. Dionysus
Goddess of seasons and the harvest; Mother of Persephone. Reason for summer and winter being the abduction of Persephone. Demeter
Daughter of Demeter; Wife of Hades. Ate pomegranate and must remain in the Underworld six months of every year. Persephone
of shepherds and flocks; appears as a satyr. Known for chasing nymphs and playing his namesake pipes. Pan
Titan god of the Sun; pulled his chariot over Earth each day, the wheels were the Sun. Helios
Titan god of forethought and crafty counsel; crafted man and stole fire for them. Bound to a rock where a vulture would eat his liver each day as punishment. Prometheus
Titan goddess of the Moon Selene
God of love and eroticism; Son of Aphrodite; lover of Psyche. Eros
Goddess of victory Nike
Titan Goddess of Chaos Hecate
Goddesses of music, song, and dance – 9 The Muses
Muse of Epic Poetry Calliope
Muse of History Clio
Muse of Astronomy Ourania
Muse of Comedy Thaleia
Muse of Tragedy Melpomene
Muse of Religious Hymns Polyhymnia
Muse of Erotic Poetry Erato
Muse of Lyric Poetry Euterpe
Muse of Choral Song and Dance Terpsikhore
Hero of Troy; invulnerable except for heel. He kills Hector, but is killed by Paris. Achilles
Cousin of Achilles; dresses as Achilles in order to fight in Trojan War, mistakenly killed by Hector. Patroklos
Brother of Menelaus; king of Mycenae, assemples one thousand ships for his brother to retrieve Helen. Killed by his wife Clymenestra upon his return. Agammemnon
Brother of Agamemnon; king of Sparta. Paris stole his wife Helen to Troy, begins the Trojan War. Menelaos
Hero of the Trojans; killed by Achilles nearing the end of the Trojan War. Hector
King of Troy King Priam
Prince of Troy, stole Helen from Menelaus; chose Aphrodite as the most beautiful of the three goddesses; Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite and in turn she granted him the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris
Hero committed by Hera to completing the Twelve Labors after killing his wife and children in a fit of rage. Trials included killing the Nemean Lion, the Hydra, the Stymphalion Birds, retrieving Cerberus, the Golden Apples of the Hesperides, and others. Hercules
Hero of the Trojan War; invented the idea of the Trojan Horse, responsible for the victory of the siege of Troy. Incurred Poseidon’s wrath after blinding Polyphemus, leading to a twenty year voyage home in The Odyssey, by Homer. Odysseus
Famous lyre-player and singer; journeyed to the Underworld to retrieve his wife from Hades. Orpheus
Retrieved the Golden Fleece with the Argonauts; married Medea, a witch who eventually killed their children in jealousy. Jason
Son of Poseidon; Sent to Crete and killed the Minotaur in the labyrinth. Theseus
Son of Danae and Zeus; killed Medusa. Perseus
Son of Poseidon; tamed Pegasus and killed the Chimera. Bellerophon
famous huntress; slew the Calydonian Boar. Atalanta
Queen of the Amazonians; gave Hercules her belt for one of his labors. Hippolyta
Man who fell in love with his reflection; leads to the term Narcissism. Narcissus
Man who created a statue of Aphrodite and fell in love with it; Aphrodite gave it life in the form of Galatea as a reward for his faithfulness, giving him a wife. Pygmalion
Killed and served his son for dinner to the Gods of Olympus. Sentenced to an eternity in Tartarus suffering in eternal thirst and hunger. Tantalus
A famous centaur who taught many heroes, including Hercules. Sentenced to immortality, but at the cost of constant agony. Chiron
Doomed to endlessly roll a boulder up a hill in Tartarus. Sisyphus
Creatures with the lower body of a horse and the upper torso of a man; often lusty revelers Centaurs
Creatures with the lower body of a goat and the upper body of a man; tend to chase women and play pipes Satyr
Creature with the body of a lion, face of a man, and a spiked tail Manticore
Creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle Griffin
Creature with the body of a cat and head of a man; very clever and enjoy riddles, such as in Oedipus Rex. Sphinx
with the body and head of a lion, a second goat’s head, and a serpentine tail; killed by Bellerophon. The word chimerical stems from this creature. Chimera
A giant boar sent by Artemis that ravaged Calydonia until Atalanta killed it. Calydonian Boar
A giant lion that ravaged Nemea until Hercules killed it for his first Labor. Nemean Lion
A serpentine, multi-headed creature that lived in the swamps of Lerna; killed by Hercules for his second Labor The Hydra
Guard to the Underworld; a giant dog with three heads. Hercules had to retrieve it for another Labor. Cerberus
Creature with 100 eyes, set as a guard by Hera to watch over Io the cow/woman. Killed by Hermes. Argus
Wild winged horse that was tamed by several heroes, including Hercules and Bellerophon. Pegasus
First Triumvirate Julius Caesar, Marcus Crassus, and Gnaius Pompeius Magnus (Pompey).
Second Triumvirate Octavian (Augustus), Lepidus, and Mark Antony
Attempted to make horse a senator; sexual deviancy. Caligula
Responsible for the conquest of Britain. Claudius
Executed mother and brother; Fire of Rome Nero
Civil War – Year of the 4 Emperors Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian
Campaign vs. Judaea; began the Coliseum Vespasian
Completed Coliseum; Mt. Vesuvius + Fire of Rome Titus
Trajan’s Column; expanded Empire to largest ever Trajan
Hadrian’s Wall Hadrian
Joint-emperorship with Verus Marcus Aurelius
Personally fought in the Coliseum. Commodus
Constitutio Antoniniana; Baths of Caracalla Caracalla
Diocletian Persecution of Christians Diocletian
Created Constantinople; converted to Christianity Constantine I
Reunited Roman Empire after Gothic attack Theodosius
“First” Emperor”, formerly Octavian. Augustus
Created by: tonydelg