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Famous Wars/Battles!

Famous Wars and Battles by Tony D.

the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies of North America overthrew the governance of the British Empire and then rejected the British monarchy American Revolution 1776-1781
between the United States of America and the British Empire; over trade restrictions, impressment, and British support of Native Americans War of 1812 1812-14
military conflict between US and Spain over Cuba; included the battle of San Juan Hill. Spanish-American War 1898
conflict between US and Mexico over annexation of Texas; Santa Anna led the Mexicans against Zachary Taylor's forces; led to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo Mexican-American War 1846-47
15 mil killed; involved Entente vs. Central Powers; incited by the Asassination of Franz Ferdinand; ended by the Treaty of Versailles World War I 1914-18
70 million killed; Axis vs. Allies; ended on V-E Day. Trench warfare and Blitzkreig were important tactics of this war. World War II 1941-45
Contains Operation Frequent Wind and the evacuation of Saigon; The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment; Vietcong resistance; Vietnam War 1964-73
A proxy war of the Cold War Era, US intervened on one side, while Communist China protected the other; the armistice restored the original boundaries at the end of this conflict Korean War 1950-53
Ended by the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by Teddy Roosevelt; Russia invades Manchuria, loses to Japan Russo-Japanese War 1904-05
The namesake Middle East country invaded its neighbor on 22 September 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by the Iranian Revolution in this War. Iran-Iraq War 1980-88
fought primarily (though not exclusively) in Germany;religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire; included the Bohemian Revolt; ended by the Peace of Westphalia 30 Years' War 1618-1648
prolonged conflict between two royal houses for the French throne; two primary contenders were the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet, also known as the House of Anjou; ended in the expulsion of the Plantagenets 100 Years' War 1337-1453
several European powers combined to stop a possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under a single Bourbon monarch; concluded by the treaties of Utrecht (1713) and Rastatt (1714). War of the Spanish Succession; Queen Anne's War 1702-12
series of dynastic civil wars fought in England between supporters of the Houses of Lancaster and York. War of the Roses 1453-1487
continuation of wars sparked by French Revolution, revolutionized European armies, mainly due to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe, but collapsed rapidly after France's invasion of Russia Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815
Ancient Greek military conflict, fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta Peloponnesian Wars 434-401 BCE
Rome vs. Carthage; Includes Hannibals' crossing of the Alps; Carthage destroyed as a result Punic Wars 264-241 BCE; 218-201 BCE; 149-146 BCE
Set off over slavery and nullification, fought between northern and southern US; Included battles of Shiloh, Antietam, and Ghettysburg American Civil War 1861-65
conflict between Great Britain and Spain; name comes from an exhibited body part in the British Parliament War of Jenkin's Ear 1739-1743
subject of the Charge of the Light Brigade by Tennyson, fought between the Russian Empire on one side and an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire on the other Crimean War 1853-56
arose from the heated colonial struggle between the British Empire and French Empire, as well as control of Prussia; G.B. + Prussia vs. France, Austria, and Russia; ended with G.B. / Prussian victory French and Indian War; Seven Year's War 1955-63
fought between the British empire and the Orange Free State and South African Republic; the namesake settlers successfully resist British annexation of the Transvaal Republic Boer War 1899-1902
a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement by the "Righteous Fists of Harmony,” Yihe tuan [1] or Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists in China Boxer Rebellion 1900
began under the pretext that Maria Theresa of Austria was ineligible to succeed to the Habsburg throne; war ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle War of the Austrian Succession; King George's War 1744-48
the term "iron curtain" stems from this war of arms development between US and Russia; the term proxy war is also developed for several outbreaks of violence in this time Cold War 1945-91
Russian army officers led about 3,000 soldiers in a protest against Nicholas I's assumption of the throne after his elder brother Constantine removed himself from the line of succession Decembrist Uprising 1825
the climax of a trade dispute between China and the British Empire. British smuggling of the namesake drug from India into China in defiance of China's drug laws erupted into open warfare; the Treaty of Nanjing and the Treaty of Tianjin was a result Opium Wars 1839-42; 1856-60
Israel defeated the armies of the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria; At the war's end, Israel had gained control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights Six Day War 1967
watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, supposedly a messenger ran over twenty miles to bring news of the victory to Athens; inspires this namesake race Battle of Marathon 490 BCE
Octavian vs. Mark Antony and Cleopatra; fought on the Ionian Sea; led to Octavian's crowing and title of First Citizen Battle of Actium 31 BCE
naval battle fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Achaemenid Empire of Persia; the naval counterpart of the Battle of Thermopylae, Themistocles led the Athenian fleet to victory Battle of Salamis 480 BCE
Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held up the Persians for seven days in total in the namesake pass; Leonidas vs. Xerxes I Battle of Thermopylae 480 BCE
Supposedly started over the kidnapping of Helen, a thousand ships waged a ten year war on the name-sake city-state Trojan War Sometime in 12-13th Century; lasted 10 years
landmark battle, signifying that the British governor, Agricola, had subdued the last of the British tribes Battle of Mons Graupius 83-84 CE
The city was attacked by the Visigoths, led by Alaric I. Signified the decline of the namesake Empire Sack of Rome 410 CE
European forces under Charles MArtel successfully defend against an Umayyad Arab army; the decisive turning point in the struggle against Islam, a struggle which preserved Christianity as the religion of Europe Battle of Tours 732 CE
the decisive Norman victory in the Norman Conquest of England. It was fought between the Norman army of William the Conqueror, and the English army led by Harold Godwinson; The famous Bayeux Tapestry depicts the events before and during the battle Battle of Hastings 1066
fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuq forces led by Alp Arslan; the most decisive defeat of the Byzantine Empire; capture of the Byzantine Emperor Diogenes; prepared the way for Turkish settlement in Anatolia Battle of Manzikert 1071
an English victory against a larger French army in the Hundred Years' War; notable for the use of the English longbow, which Henry used in very large numbers; The battle was also immortalised by William Shakespeare as the centrepiece of his play Henry V Battle of Agincourt 1415
marked a turning point in the Hundred Years' War between France and England. This was Joan of Arc's first major[1] military victory and the first major French success to follow the crushing defeat at Agincourt in 1415 Seige of Orleans 1428-1429
was Lancastrian Henry Tudor's defeat of Yorkist Richard III, ending the Plantagenet dynasty to begin a new Tudor dynasty. Historically, the battle is considered to have marked the end of the Wars of the Roses as well as the Middle Ages in England Battle of Bosworth Field 1485
five hour naval battle between the Holy League and the Ottoman Empire; Victory gave the Holy League temporary control over the Mediterranean, protected Rome from invasion, and prevented the Ottomans from advancing into Europe Battle of Lepanto 1571
the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War; "the shot heard round the world"; The namesake Minute Man, by Daniel Chester French, represents this battle Battle of Lexington and Concord April 19, 1775
captured by a small force of American Patriots led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold. They surprised and captured, without significant injury or incident, the small British garrison at the fort Capture of Fort Ticonderoga July 1777
also known as the battle of Breed's Hill, part of the Seige of Boston between Generals Putnam and Howe; While the result was a victory for the British, they suffered their greatest losses of the entire war: over 800 wounded and 226 killed Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775
Took place after General George Washinton's crossing of the Delaware; The hazardous crossing in adverse weather allowed Washington to lead the main body of the Continental Army against Hessian soldiers garrisoned in the namesake town Battle of Trenton December 26, 1776
decisive American victories in the American Revolutionary War, resulting in the surrender of an entire British army of over 6,000 men invading New York from Canada; A major result was that France entered the conflict on behalf of the Americans Battle of Saratoga September-October 1777
proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War, as the surrender of Cornwallis’s army prompted British negotiations Battle of Yorktown 1781
a British fleet under Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson surprised and largely destroyed a French fleet anchored near Alexandria, stranding Napoleon's army in Egypt Battle of the Nile August 1, 1798
also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, effectively destroying the Third Coalition against the French Empire; decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I Battle of Austerlitz December 2, 1805
a sea battle fought between the British Navy and the fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition; British ships led by Admiral Lord Nelson defeated French and Spanish ships under French Admiral Pierre Villeneuve Battle of Trafalgar October 21, 1805
'We have met the enemy and they are ours' was the most famous quote by Naval Officer Perry at this battle on the namesake Great Lake Battle of Lake Erie September 10, 1813
resulted in the death of the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, and the destruction of the Native American coalition that he led; also known as the Battle of Moraviantown Battle of the Thames October 5, 1813
fought between Allied forces and the forces of Napoleon's French Empire. The Allies were victorious, entering Paris, and as a result, Napoleon was soon forced to abdicate Battle of Montmartre March 30, 1814
final major battle of the War of 1812.[1] American forces, with General Andrew Jackson in command, defeated an invading British Army intent on seizing the namesake city and America's vast western lands Battle of New Orleans January 8, 1815
forces of the French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte and Michel Ney were defeated by those of the Seventh Coalition and an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington; subject of an ABBA song Battle of Waterloo June 18, 1815
most famous battle of the Texas Revolution; Santa Anna led a seige of this fort, leading to the death of Davy Crockett Battle of the Alamo February 23-March 16, 1836
Led by General Sam Houston, the Texas Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican forces in a fight that lasted just eighteen minutes. "Remember the Alamo!" was the rallying cry of the Texans Battle of San Jacinto April 21, 1836
the bombardment and surrender of the namesake fort near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Battle of Fort Sumter April 12-13, 1861
the first major land battle of the American Civil War; Unseasoned Union Army troops under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell advanced across Bull Run against the equally unseasoned Confederate Army under Brig. Gens. Joseph E. Johnston Battle of 1st Bull Run; 1st Manassas July 21, 1861
Also known as the battle of Pittsburgh Landing Battle of Shiloh April 6-7, 1862
first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties Battle of Antietam September 17, 1862
the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is cited as the war's turning point. Union Gen. Meade's Army defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North Battle of Ghettysburg July 1-3, 1863
the final engagement of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant near the end of the American Civil War Battle of Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865
The American Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey engaged the Spanish Pacific Squadron under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón and destroyed the Spanish squadron. The first major engagement of the Spanish-American War Battle of Manila Bay May 1, 1898
the bloodiest and most famous battle of the Spanish-American War. It was also one of the greatest victories for the Rough Riders, under Theodore Roosevelt Battle of San Juan Hill July 1, 1898
an aerial attack during the Spanish Civil war of the namesake town made famous in Pablo Picasso's depiction of the casualties Bombing of Guernica April 26, 1937
name given to the sustained strategic effort by the German Air Force during the summer and autumn of 1940 to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force; name derives from a speech made in the House of Commons by Prime Minister Winston Churchill Battle of Britain Summer-Autumn, 1940
a surprise military strike conducted by the Japanese navy against the United States' naval base in Hawaii; led to the U.S's involvement in World War II Battle of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
a major naval battle in the Pacific of World War II between the Japanese Navy and the Allied forces of the United States and Australia. Was the first battle in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. Marked the first Japanese repulsion in the Pacific Battle of the Coral Sea May 4-8, 1942
The United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy attack, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese carrier force; Four Japanese aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser were sunk in exchange for one American carrier and destroyer Battle of Midway June 4-7, 1942
battle between Nazi Germany and its allies and the Soviet Union for control of the namesake city in Southern Russia Battle of Stalingrad July,1942-February,1943
the first major offensive launched by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan; the first significant combined arms victory by Allied forces over the Japanese in the Pacific theater. It is often referred to as a "turning point" in the war Battle of Guadalcanal August 7, 1942-February 9, 1943
invasion and establishment of Allied forces in France, during Operation Overlord in World War II. Battle of Normandy June 6, 1944
Also known as the Battle of Ardennes, became the bloodiest battle U.S. forces experienced in World War II; The “bulge” was the initial incursion the Germans put into the Allies’ line of advance Battle of the Bulge December 16, 1944-January 25, 1945
was the first American attack on the Japanese Home Islands; The U.S. invasion, known as Operation Detachment, was charged with the mission of capturing the airfields on the namesake island Battle of Iwo Jima February 19–March 26, 1945
pair of related Korean War infantry fights. These were fought while the U.S. and the Communist Chinese and Koreans negotiated an armistice. First described in a namesake book by S.L.A Marshal and also led to a film produced in 1959 Battle of Pork Chop Hill Spring-Summer 1953
Created by: tonydelg