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20/21st - Davis - SVHS - The New Deal
|Is the amount by which the government's spending exceeds income over a particular period of time, more money going out than coming in.
|Another name for FDR's New Deal programs.
|Left-Winged, felt FDR’s program was NOT doing enough.
|Right-Winged, ) felt that government intervention was TOO much and interfered with our free market economy.
|The program designed to alleviate the problems of the Great Depression.
|The New Deal
|An alignment of diverse groups dedicated to supporting the Democratic Party.
|New Deal Coalition
|Painted "American Gothic"
|An early supporter of the New Deal, but later turned against Roosevelt. Was assassinated by a lone gunman.
|Aided farmers and regulated crop production
|Protected collective bargaining rights for unions
|During the 100 Days, Congress passed ____ major pieces of legislation that significantly expanded government’s role in the nation’s economy and welfare
|FDR's first order of business when taking office was to
|get the banking system in order
|FDR passed the Glass-Steagall Act establishing what program that insured account holders up to $5,000 and set strict standards for banks to follow (today = $100,000)
|Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation(FDIC)
|What Program Raised crop prices by lowering production?
|Agricultural Adjustment Act(AAA)
|As part of what program did Men ages 18 to 25 worked building roads, parks, planting trees? (200 million trees in Dust Bowl areas)
|Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
|By the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court struck down what two New Deal Programs claiming them to be unconstitutional (citing too much government control)
|NIRA & AAA
|How was FDR able to carry out his New Deal programs without interference from the Courts?
|Key Supreme Court Retirements & Appointing 7 New Supreme Court Judges
|What was FDR's first priority with his 2nd New Deal?
|providing aid to farmers by reinvigorating the AAA
|As part of this program 850 airports, 651,000 miles of roads and streets, and 125,000 public buildings were built
|Works Progress Administration (WPA)
|Was created to provide education, jobs and recreation for young people by getting young people off the streets and into schools and helping them to get jobs
|National Youth Administration (NYA)
|In 1938, Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act which did what
|set maximum hours at 44 per week and minimum wage at 25 cents per hour
|Became head of the nation’s first all-black union –the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
|A. Philip Randolph
|Despite efforts made FDR never fully committed to
|Civil Rights issue
|Gave Natives more ownership of reservations
|The Reorganization Act of 1934
|Who supported FDR during the 1936 election?
|African Americans, Jews, Catholics and immigrants
|What was the most famous film of the 1930's?
|Gone with the Wind
|Radio captured news with one of the first worldwide broadcasts of immediate news coverage being the horrific crash of the
|Supporters claimed FDR struck a reasonable balance between what two extremes
|Unregulated Capitalism and Overregulated Socialism
|What really ended the Great Depression?
|massive amount of spending (deficit spending) by the government on equipment/supplies needed for WWII
|What emotions did the New Deal bring to the American public?
|hope/gratitude for some and anger/criticism for others