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Identify the acronyms FCIC and NCIC. FCIC- Florida Crime Information Center. NCIC- National Crime Information Center
Determine what information is available through FCIC. Information contained in the FCIC database includes but is not limited to the following: Statewide information on persons and property, driver’s license and registration information, wanted and missing persons, stolen guns, vehicles, and other property, and persons’ status files and computerized criminal history
Identify the location of FCIC and NCIC (FCIC) is housed at FDLE in Tallahassee, FL. (NCIC) is housed and maintained by the FBI in Clarksburg, WV
Identify the relationship between FCIC and NCIC NCIC =stolen,abandoned,& recovered property & wanted & missing persons files for all 50 states,Canada,U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. NCIC makes Florida data available to all criminal justice agencies
Identify the major assets of the FCIC Enables officers to gather criminal history or stolen property information, so they can appropriately deal with many incidents
Identify the national communications link available through FCIC FCIC connects to the International Justice and Public Safety Information Sharing Network. (NLETS)
Identify how information becomes available through FCIC INLETS allows for interstate and interagency information exchanges. NLETS has the capability to receive, store, and forward message traffic to and from its user agencies
Identify factors that will ensure officers’ efficient and effective use of the FCIC system System users must attend the Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) certification class and pass the certification exam
Identify the legal issues for confidential information that is disseminated for non-law-enforcement purposes Misuse of the FCIC/NCIC system can result in both disciplinary and legal action including termination against the officers involved. The agency involved could lose as an FCIC terminal site
Identify what information to provide when requesting a check When requesting info on a wanted/missing person, LEO should provide all ID data available- name, race, sex, DOB, phy features, approx HT/WT, etc. Veh/ vessel ID info, a LEO should provide vessel name, manufacturer, LIC, tag/decal number, YR of make, etc
Obtain information related to desired check If the FCIC/NCIC database contains data that is the same or similar to the information requested, a list of possible matches will be returned
Submit information to dispatch When data must be entered into FCIC/NCIC, the officer must provide the original report and supplemental documentation to the person at the agency responsible for making such data entries
Identify the policies for conducting a check Officers should follow agency polices for adding information to the systems or when conducting a database inquiry
Demonstrate proper use of a portable radio unit Officers use radios to send and receive vital information, call for backup, or identify a suspect or wanted person
Locate radio equipment in a standard police vehicle. Patrol Car The patrol car radio is usually under or affixed to the dashboard of the patrol car.In some patrol cars, radios are mounted on the vehicle transmission hump or in a metal rack designed for holding electronic equipment.
Locate radio equipment in a standard police vehicle. Unmarked or Undercover vehicles In unmarked or undercover vehicles, the radio may be mounted under the seat or in the trunk
Locate radio equipment in a standard police vehicle. Police motorcycles On police motorcycles, the radio is usually mounted in plain sight behind the handlebars
Identify the duties of the communications officer Duties/not limited to: answering all incoming emerg/non-emergency calls to the LE agency, directing callers to other resources as necessary & gathering info for LEOs’ calls for service. Also access the FCIC/NCIC to provide vital info to LEO who request it
Identify primary components of a portable police radio The basic police radio is generally fitted with at least three switches, levers, or buttons to control volume, squelch, and channel selection
Identify general radio procedures Officers should plan messages before transmitting them. Though an officer will have to speak quickly in an emergency, the more planed the message is, the more coherent, capable, and professional the officer sounds
Speak into a police radio mic using proper radio protocol The officer should speak directly into the microphone in an evenly modulated tone of voice
Identify steps to take prior to voice transmissions Before voice transmissions, officers should listen to make sure there is no other radio traffic and then depress and hold the transmit button for approximately one second before speaking
Identify speech habits that affect clear communications when using a police radio Trailing voice (diminishes in volume), the rate of speech (too fast or too slow), or speaking in monotones or a soft or unclear (mumbling) voice
Identify appropriate radio system use LE-related messages to other agencies within the state or another state.Driver’s Lic status and driver history.Criminal records checks.Hazardous material queries.Aircraft, boat, and vehicle registration queries.Road condition and weather queries
Identify communications privacy when using a mobile radio system An officer should expect no privacy in LE radio transmissions
Identify proper radio protocol The procedures of properly constructing and transmitting messages. It also includes proper use of appropriate codes and signals, which varies among agencies and regions
Identify oral brevity codes. Alpha Code, Numeric code, Alphanumeric codes
Define Alpha Code Alpha Code: it is a system of words that represents letters in the English alphabet
Define Numeric code Numeric code: it a system of numbers represents specific activities or conditions to which an officer might respond; 10 codes and signals are a numeric system
Define Alphanumeric codes Alphanumeric codes: it a combination of letters and numbers might include officer call signs or auto tags
Identify Phonetic Alphabet It is a system of code words for identifying letters in voice communication
Demonstrate proper preparation of radio messages A properly constructed radio message involves thinking in advance about what needs to be said. It also involves delivering accurate information in a clear, concise manner
Communicate essential information using a police radio Messages should follow this basic pattern: identification number, current location, reason for call, and information relative and essential to the situation
Identify how to write a BOLO report of the person, property, or vehicle Officers should write out full descriptions of the person, property, or vehicle in question for BOLO reports before broadcasting them on the radio
Identify essential information based on type of call Officer’s identification number and location. Type of emergency. Other assistance needed. Description of suspect, if applicable. Description of suspect’s vehicle, if applicable
Identify essential information for answering calls The officer must respond with his or her identification number and location and write down the information provided by the dispatcher, including the complainant’s name and address
Identify essential information for checking in and out of unit Checking into service the LEO should provide his/her identification number, the message in service (10-8), and the vehicle the officer drives. Checking out at the end of a shift, an LEO should provide similar info and the message out of service (10-7)).
Communication Involves the exchange of thoughts or messages, verbal and nonverbal, trough signals or writing
Identify the purpose of interpersonal communication The purpose of interpersonal communication is to facilitate a primary function of interacting with others or to cause some kind of action
Identify terms that describe the process of communication Terms that describe communication process (sender/source, message, receiver, and feedback) The sender must transmit a message in a form that the receiver/listener understands. The receiver then acknowledges the message by providing feedback or responding
Identify the elements that are essential to effective interpersonal communication. Part 1 of 2 in no particular order Officers must not allow emotions to color there words or actions. They must remain calm and show no anger, fear, or other negative emotions. Officers must be the calming presence and not allow anger to worsen the situation.
Identify the elements that are essential to effective interpersonal communication. Part of 2 in no particular order Hostility and rudeness have no place in an officer’s relationship with the public. An officer does not gain public support by expressing irritation or frustration. Consequently, the officer should maintain a professional demeanor at all times.
Identify behaviors that convey courtesy Demonstrated by showing consideration/respect/cooperation when interacting w/others. Courtesy & professionalism go hand in hand as LEOs interact with citizens/LEOs. Treat all w/dignity, courtesy,respect regardless of race, gender, appearance, or behavior
Identify common forms of nonverbal communication People react to stressful situations in diff ways- Arms folded across the chest,legs crossed, sweating, rapid breathing, fidgeting, blinking, clenched fists, pacing the floor, clamped teeth, rocking back and forth. An open body with arms down by the side
Arms folded across the chest or legs crossed may indicate Deception or defensiveness
Sweating, rapid breathing, fidgeting, or blinking may indicate Nervousness
Is sometimes demonstrated through clenched fists, pacing the floor, clamped teeth, or a clear unwillingness to communicate Anger
When a person is nervous or withholds information He or she may rock back and forth
An open body with arms down by the side or comfortably in the lap may indicate a receptive person who feels At ease with the officer and situation
Identify barriers that could hinder the communication process Barriers include personal prejudices/stereotyping/racial/ethnic slurs. Language differences, profane or derogatory lang., & disrespectful/derogatory hand/body gestures can also serve as communication barriers. Distractions hinder good communication also
Identify the purpose of interpersonal communication The purpose of interpersonal communication is to facilitate a primary function of interacting with others or to cause some kind of action
Identify terms that describe the process of communication Terms that describe the communication process include sender or source, message, receiver, and feedback. The sender must transmit a message in a form that the receiver/listener understands. The receiver then acknowledges the message by providing feedb
Define community The people and locations comprising the neighborhoods, institutions, and workplace where an officer lives or works
Identify officer’s response to community expectations The community expects officers to uphold the legal rights of citizens without bias
Identify how an officer's responses can be influenced by his or her thoughts If an LEO believes that he/she has negative biases, that LEO should ask himself/herself, “Am I acting on biases and/or prejudice? Am I responding to this person differently than I’d to a person of another race, sex, age, sexual orientation, religion, etc?
Define self-talk Self-talk = It is a continual internal monologue in which an individual narrates the events going on around him or her
Describe techniques for self-control When an officer finds him or herself in a stressful situation, he or she should breathe smoothly, deeply, and evenly. He or she should balance his or her posture and acknowledge reality, saying to him or herself, “This is real and I can handle it.”
Define self-Knowledge Self-knowledge = It is an awareness of one’s inner nature, feelings, abilities, and limitations
Identify emotional triggers that may influence an officer’s behavior Everyone has emotional triggers that stem from personal sensitivities and the traditions they value. These include maintaining a good name, self-respect, pride in heritage, and other personal beliefs
Identify how to overcome emotional triggers that may influence an officer’s behavior An officer should know his or her strengths and weaknesses as well as likes and dislikes. Assessing and overcoming weaknesses is extremely important in achieving self-control
Identify ways to understand and provide feedback.Possible questions an officer should ask him or herself in order to evaluate the situation include the following: Physical Questions? What is the subject’s body stance/position? What facial features/expressions indicate certain info? What is the position of the hands, arms, and legs? Is the subject reaching out for anything or anyone? Is the subject grabbing another person?
Identify ways to understand and provide feedback.Possible questions an officer should ask him or herself in order to evaluate the situation include the following: Audio or Listening Questions? Can the officer understand the subject? What is the tone, volume, and pitch of the subject’s voice? What words are used? Does the feedback require a response? What response is appropriate for this situation?
Define stereotyping Stereotyping = a fixed and unvarying idea or opinion of a person, group or subject
Define bias/prejudice Bias/prejudice = a strong negative belief or feeling about a person, group, or subject that is formed without reviewing all available facts or information
Define perception Perception: the impression in a person’s mind of an individual, a group of people, or events based on experiences, biases, beliefs, assumptions, and observations
Define assumption Assumption = a notion, statement, or belief about a person, group, or event that may or may not be factual
Identify the impact different age groups may have on the community Large populations of certain age groups affect the type and volume of service calls.
What are examples of large populations of certain age groups that may affect the community and the type and volume of service calls The community is a college town/retirement area, is rural/urban, theme parks and other attractions that draw vacationers/tourists, or sponsors events that attract large groups of people of the same age or with the same interest, ie. Bike Week/spring break
Define Complainant One who reports the crime
Define Informant One who provides information confidentially and whose identity is normally not disclosed until required by law
List proper steps to prepare for an interview The pre-interview process includes determining when and whom to interview, the order of interviews, where to interview, what information to obtain, and how to record the interviews
A Identify the primary responsibilities of the interviewer An interviewer should obtain all pertinent information relating to the incident, compare it with other case information, and follow agency interview policy and procedures
Identify when to interview Should be conducted immediately or shortly after a crime to yield the most accurate & helpful info. However, if a LEO does not have an opportunity to speak with a witness at the scene, the LEO should schedule a post-scene interview w/the person
Identify who to interview Officers can decide which people at a scene should be interviewed by asking some general questions and seeking information from anyone who knows something about the crime
Identify the primary factors that influence the success of an interview Isolation and privacy. And a good physical and emotional comfort level is another factor that can influence the success of an interview.
Important factors that influence the success of and interview include isolation and privacy, explain why and who’s responsibility The interviewer is responsible for creating a confidential atmosphere that will encourage honesty and forthrightness from the interviewee. Isolating the interviewee prevents outside influences; privacy helps build rapport and gain trust.
True or False.......A good physical and emotional comfort level is another factor that can influence the success of an interview. The interviewee’s comfort will encourage cooperation......True
Identify an appropriate location for an interview May be conducted at the scene of the incident, in the LEO’s patrol vehicle, at a location that has recording equipment available. It should be safe, out of the weather, and isolated as much as possible from sight and hearing of other interviewees
Identify the importance for allowing sufficient time for a thorough interview Interviews can be time consuming, but time will be well spent if the interviewer has planed and prepared. Phone contact is a means to screen potential interviewees (victims, witnesses, or informants) to determine whether a formal interview is necessary
Identify factors that influence the order of interviews Whether dealing with victims, witnesses, or subjects, the primary purpose is to gather information. Identifying attitudes of potential witnesses will help the officer decide the order in which to conduct the interviews
Identify techniques that encourage the person to explain fully Ask a variety of open-ended questions designed to elicit as much information as possible. Have interviewee to describe in his/her own words. Past performance questions solicit from the interviewee how he or she handled a situation in the past
Closed-ended questions elicit only? And are used to? Yes or no answers. They are used to get specific answers or help the interviewee to refocus
Past performance questions solicit? Why important to use? The interviewee how he or she handled a situation in the past. These types of questions can uncover additional information about the history of a situation or determine a behavior pattern
Identify elements of the interview process LEO should request contact info additional ?s. Closing stage concludes interview, & LEO should express appreciation to interviewee for his/her time. Info collected in writing should be summarized by LEO & improvements make mental notes for next interview
The officer should request contact information from the interviewee in case? Additional questions come up in the future
The closing stage concludes the interview, and the officer should? Express appreciation to the interviewee for his or her time
The information collected in writing should be Summarized by the officer and improvements from the next interview mentally noted
Identify effective interview techniques Mirroring. Minimal encouragers
Define mirroring techniques Technique where interviewer acts as if he/she is looking in a mirror & seeing him/herself as interviewee. Interviewer should assume interviewee’s posture & repeat what person is saying, using a questioning tone to obtain clarification or detailed response
Define minimal encouragers techniques Brief statements, proper language & tone of voice, recall enhanced by recreating event stimuli, both physical & psychological, interviewee should be asked to think back to the original event recalling the physical surroundings/ emotional situation
Proper language and tone of voice that parallels the interviewee’s level of understanding and tone of voice conveys The officer’s willingness to listen and understand
Brief statements which indicate that the officer hears what the person is saying and is inclined to hear more. However officers should note That understanding does not necessarily mean agreement. It merely means that the officer comprehends what the person is trying to tell him or her
Recall is enhanced by Recreating the event stimuli, which can be both physical and psychological
The interviewee should be asked to think back to the original event recalling the physical surroundings (time of day, workspace, and so on) as well as the emotional situation (rushed, bored, and so on)
Identify if the information gained is suitable for submission to court Determining if the information is suitable for submission to court is a helpful method an officer can employ to evaluate his or her interviewing skills
Identify how to evaluate the effectiveness of an interview If the who, what, when, where, why, and how of the incident can be answered, then most likely, the desired results were achieved
Identify how to document the interview There are three major methods for documenting an interview: taking notes, audio or video recording, obtaining written statements
Identify the procedures to follow in taking notes Taking notes during an interview is a necessity, must be done w/great care. Usually, best to begin taking notes early by writing names, addresses, DOB, LEO other basic facts. Interviewees get used to answering LEO’s ?s & seeing the LEO write what they say
Define statement A permanent, verbal, or written record of a person’s account of an incident or occurrence that may or may not be made under oath
Identify when statements should be obtained When to take a written statement often depends on circumstances or agency policy
Identify appropriate location, materials, interpreters, and equipment for taking the statement Agency policies or local SAO should be consulted for the preferred procedure on locations, materials, equipment, and interpreters needed for the statement
Identify the basic procedures to follow when taking the statement Most jurisdictions require that the statement be sworn. Written statements must be notarized, and audio/video-recorded statements must be made under oath. These statements must be preserved as evidence in the case
Identify the need for participant, witness, or suspect to prepare a written statement or give an oral recorded statement Info contained in statements may be used to complete a report/offer PC/file an affidavit/obtain a warrant. Info may be admissible in court/could help to solve a crime/ID additional suspects/witnesses who have info about a crime, incident, or occurrence
When asking an individual to provide a written statement, an officer must Be sure to explain the reason for the request and should be clear about what information (who, what, when, where, why, and how of the incident) is needed
Information contained in witness statements may be used to Complete a report, offer PC, file an affidavit, or obtain a warrant
The information may be admissible in court and could help to Solve a crime or identify additional suspects or witnesses who have information about a crime, incident, or occurrence
Identify the importance of separating the interviewees Before taking statements from multiple witnesses, they should be separated to prevent them from discussing the incident among themselves
Identify developing questions based on what the witness says General questions help to determine which person should be asked to provide sworn statements. One of the best questions to begin with is, “Can you tell me what happened?” The officer should listen to the person’s response before asking more questions
Identify the person to provide the statement After forming a mental picture of the sequence of events, the officer should identify from whom to get sworn statements
Identify when an officer can notarize a statement according to Florida law Florida law, as per F.S. 117.10, provides LEOs with the authority to administer oaths while performing their duties. However, this does not certify an officer as a notary unless they have completed the normal appointment process
Identify when it s necessary to administer an oath Officers should always administer an oath or affirmation for any sworn statement of affidavit when they want to commit the witness to his or her testimony. Sworn statements or affidavits are not admissible in court if the witness is also in court
Define oath A promise to tell the truth regarding an incident or occurrence
Define affirmation A solemn and formal declaration or assertion made in place of an oath
Identify the importance of interviewee’s signature on written statements In the event an officer is taking a written statement, the person should read the printed oath on the statement form and sign his or her name indicating the information contained is correct and factual
Identify whether the statements should be oral or written A written statement is generally recognized as a better form of evidence than an oral statement or interview
Identify the basic kinds of information needed in a statement When writing a statement, an individual should describe, to the best of his or her recollection, every event, person, weapon, vehicle, and all property involved in the incident
Identify the importance of reviewing interviewee’s statements for completeness The officer should read the statement back to the witness, to make any needed corrections, and ask the witness to date and sign the statement or make his or her mark
Identify the type of assistance that an officer can provide if required, and use a witness to document the assistance Any observing officer should date and sign the statement as well
Identify what to do if a person is unable to sign statement In some situations, a witness may be injured, sick, or incapacitated and cannot sign his or her name.The officer should write the reason the person cannot sign the statement and then sign it him or herself
Identify what to do if a person is unwilling to sign statement If a person refuses to give a statement, it should be indicated in the officer’s notes. If the person gives a statement but refuses to sign it, the officer should note, “refused to sign”.
Identify the appropriate method of recording the statement Due to facilities and equipment needs, officers normally use this method only in serious criminal cases where visual information about the scene or victim is needed
Document the interview, explain After completing and interview, the results should be documented in a report and properly filed
Define report A written document prepared by a police that gives information about an event, situation, or person encountered by the officer
Identify the purpose of a report A report documents the facts involved in an incident. (Who, what, when, where, why, and how)
Identify that agencies use a variety of different forms Most agencies have procedures describing appropriate forms, who reviews reports and how reports are stored. The officer should be familiar with agency forms and the pertinent information required to complete each one
List the categories of operational reports Operational reports are generally linked to three major categories: offence-incident reports, arrest affidavits, and supplemental or follow-up reports
Identify the readers of a police report. To ensure the effectiveness of the report, the report writer must consider the audience, which may include the following: Other officers,Supervisors,Defense attorneys and prosecutors,Judges,(City, County, and State) officials,Reporters,Victims or their families,(Suspects, Defendants, and persons) convicted of crimes,Citizens,Insurance companies
Identify common proceedings in which a police report may be used.Apart from being public records, reports are typically involved in many proceedings as an official representation of facts surrounding and incident. Some examples include the following: Criminal case-filing, Depositions, Pretrial proceedings, Criminal trials, Victim restitution hearings, Civil proceedings, Appeals in criminal & civil cases, Probation & parole hearings, Internal affair’s investigations,Workers’ compensation cases,Research
Identify the basic steps of report writing The basic steps of report writing are recording the facts, organizing the facts, writing the report, and evaluating the report
Identify the purpose of note taking Field notes are normally the primary source documents that an officer will use when writing operational reports
Select the correct information to record into notes. An officer’s field notes will contain facts about specific events, interviews, information gathered from investigations, and information that might aid in future investigations. Field notes should include the basic facts:Where did the incident take place? When did the incident take place? Who was involved? What happened? How did it happen? Why did it happen?
Identify the additional descriptions that may be required to clarify the basic facts “Who” is more than a person’s name (includes as much info possible). Note anything unusual, to ID the person later (scaring, body piercings, or tattoos). Additional info: HT/WT/type of clothing/hair color & length/ unique mannerisms or speech patterns
“Who” is more than a person’s name but includes As much information as possible: name, address, all phone numbers, date of birth (DOB) or age, employment information, race, and gender
It is important to note anything unusual that might help identify the person later such as Scaring, body piercings, or tattoos
Include any additional identifying information to clarify the basic facts such as Height, weight, type of clothing, hair color and length, and unique mannerisms or speech patterns should also be included
Identify why it is important to alternate between listings and writing The best practice is to listen and then ask a witness to pause while the officer writes down the information. The alternating method will permit officers to hear and record the most information from witnesses
Identify the importance of using the correct spelling and recording accurate numbers in notes All names, addresses, and other relevant information should be correctly spelled and accurately recorded. Inaccurate information may result in the wrong person being arrested or in an acquittal of the guilty person
Identify common abbreviations to use in note taking Yr=year,Hr=hour,V=victim,S=suspect,Ph=phone,F/M=female/male,DOB=date of birth,AKA=also known as,Mo=month,Min=minute,W=witness,Mi=mile,yoa=years of age,NMI=no middle initial,TOT=turned over to,TOD=time of day,W/B/O=white/black/Asian-Oriental
Identify common abbreviations to use in note taking: Am=morning, Pm=afternoon or evening, TOD=time of day, Min=minute, Hr=hour, Mo=month, Yr=year
Identify common abbreviations to use in note taking: V-victim, S=suspect, W=witness, M=male, F=female, W=white, B=black, O=Asian (or Oriental), NMI=no middle initial
Identify common abbreviations to use in note taking: DOB=date of birth, Yoa=years of age, AKA=also known as, Mi=mile, TOT=turned over to, Ph=phone
Identify how to organize notes Notes can be organized in two ways: chronologically or categorically. The most efficient way to organize notes is by grouping all information pertaining to or received from each individual
Identify chronological ordering Organizing chronologically means sorting information by date and time from the first event to the last
Identify categorical ordering Information may also be grouped categorically such as witnesses, victims, suspects, weapons used, and crime elements
Define narrative Paragraphs containing specific details and pertinent information about an incident and the elements of the crime
Identify the elements of report writing. As the officer works on each step of report writing, he or she must keep in mind the following nine elements of an effective report: Factual, Clear, Concise, Complete, Accurate, Written in standard English, Grammatically and structurally correct, Legible, Timely,
Identify which verb tense should be used in reports LE reports are about events that have already occurred, so they are always written in past tense
Define jargon The technical vocabulary of a particular profession that has meaning specific to people who work in that field. Ex AKA, DOA, or “smash and grab”
Define slang consist of informal, nonstandard words often characterized by regional or specific group usage. Ex “tight” “da bomb” “trippin” and “my bad”
Define improper or misused words words that are often confusing. Ex are words that sound the same but are spelled differently, such as “there/their/they’re” or “to/too/two”
Identify the questions a report narrative must answer 1)Why was the officer there? 2) What did the officer observe? 3) What did the officer do? 4) What were the outcomes?
The following question, answers these question for the narrative of a report. Why was the officer there? Was the officer dispatched to a call at the location? Was the officer flagged down while on patrol? Was the officer on patrol and saw something occur?
The following question, answers these question for the narrative of a report. What did the officer observe? What did the officer see, hear, smell, or feel? What were the crime scene conditions? What was the officer told by people at the scene? Who else responded to the scene?
The following question, answers these question for the narrative of a report. 3) What did the officer do? What investigative steps did the officer take? What actions did the officer perform (CPR, Response to Resistance)? Whom did the officer notify about the situation? Did the officer collect any evidence?
The following question, answers these question for the narrative of a report. What crimes were committed? Did the officer arrest anyone? What related documents were collected or disseminated? Were any further actions or referrals required?
Identify the differences between content and format Content relates to the material aspects of the case: What happened, who was involved, etc. Format is the way the information is organized and presented in the report
Explain the importance of addressing all of the elements of a crime. Officers must properly identify the correct name and number of the criminal statute violated If the narrative accurately describes & outlines the elements of a crime, but it is not the crime listed as the classification on the offence report, then the entire content of the report can be called into question
The opening of a narrative usually includes The date, place, assignment, and arrival time, the officer’s name, the identity of the victim, suspect, or complainant, and the officer’s first action
The body of the narrative of a report Is the detailed chronological account of the incident. This section includes the investigative actions taken by the officer and must address the elements of the crime
The closing of the narrative of a report explains how the incident was resolved or how the information obtained was handled, including any citations issued or arrest made with the appropriate criminal charges documented
Define sentence A sentence is a group of words that contains a subject (a noun) and a verb (action) and expresses a complete thought
Define sentence fragment A sentence fragment is a group of words that lacks a subject or verb or fails to express a complete thought
Identify tools that can be used to reduce spelling errors spell check feature on a computer, having another person proofread a report, if unsure of the spelling of a word-consider using a different word, use a dictionary, carry a dictionary or buy an electronic dictionary
If using a computer to write a report, the officer should use the spell check feature
Having another person proofread a report will help ensure that correct words have been used
If unsure of the spelling of a word, an officer should consider using a different word. Instead of “penitentiary,” an officer might use “prison”; instead of “contusion,” the officer could use “bruise.”
If an officer handwrites a report he or she should use a dictionary
Identify the seven rules of punctuation. Use a comma to Separate 2 complete sentences joined by a coordinating, after an introductory clause, separate series of 3 or more, separate nonrestrictive phrases, between 2 or more adjectives when they precede the noun. introduce a quote, writing dates and addresses
Use a comma to separate two complete sentences that are joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet).
Select the correct example. “I met with the victim and she gave me a statement.” “I met with the victim, and she gave me a statement.” “I met with the victim, and she gave me a statement.” (correct)
Select the incorrect example. “I met with the victim. She gave me a statement.” “I met with the victim, she gave me a statement.” “I met with the victim, she gave me a statement.” (incorrect: use a semicolon.)
Is the following a correct example of using a comma after an introductory clause? Yes or No. “When the alarm sounded, the burglar ran from the store.” Yes
“The victim said his digital camera, television, DVD player, radio, and computer were stolen.” Is an example of? When to use a comma to separate items in a series of three or more items.
A phrase is a group of words that does not make a complete statement
A phrase considered nonrestrictive when no pertinent information is lost without it
The following is an example of: “The fingerprints, which I found on the window, belong to the victim.” When to use a comma to separate nonrestrictive (unimportant) phrases in a sentence
The following is an example of: “The inmate used a small, metal object to cut his own arm.” When to use a comma between two or more adjectives that are not joined by “and” or “or” when they precede the noun
The following is an example of: “When I arrested her, she said, ‘I’m going to burn his house down when I get out.’” When to use a comma to introduce a quote
The following is an example of: “The first robbery occurred on January 12, 2008, at 345 Monroe Street, Tallahassee, Florida.” When to use a comma when writing dates and addresses
Define editing It is the evaluation of content
Define proofreading It is the correction of mechanical errors
NLETS stands for National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Systems
NLETS Hazardous Materials file placard card (4 digit number) contains a variety of information such as Chemical name, personal safety precautions, general handling procedures, disposal methods, degree of hazard to public health, and availablity of countermeasure materials
Concealed Weapon Permit Files are maintained by the: Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DOACS)
Vehicles or vessels/boats registered in Florida and driver license or Florida identification card information is maintained by: Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV)
To make entries into the FCIC/NCIC systems agencies must Maintain a 24 hour a day, seven day a week operation
A _ _ _ is created by the booking agency submitting fingerprints and arrest information for an arrested person Computerized Criminal History (CCH)
An officer should expect ____ _______ in law enforcement radio transmission No privacy
BOLO stands for Be On the Look Out
The 4 parts of the communication process are: Source, Message, Receiver and Feedback
An officer can increase self-confidence, self-image, and credibility through: Training, education, and experience in communication with others
An officer's beliefs and values help establish his or her Attitudes and level of respect for a person, group, or event
The first nonverbal message an officer delivers upon arriving at a scene is Appearance
Command Presence is defined as The bearing of one who commands or influences others which encompasses professional appearance, demeanor, poise, and attitude
The three main types of interviewees that an officer will encounter are: Reluctant, hostile, or cooperative
It is important that the initial officer on the scene should render, ________ ________ before conducting any interviews First aid
A written statement may be take from anyone: Whose has information about any crime, incident, or occurrence
Is a promise to tell the truth regarding an incident or occurrence Oath
Is a solemn and formal delaration or assertion made in place of an oath Affirmation
Is a written document prepared by a law enforcement officer that gives information about an event,situation, or person encountered by the officer Statement
Reflects the writer's competency and professionalism not onlnly in writing but also in all aspects of police work Report
Law enforcement personnel are frequently heard to say, "If it isn't in the report, it did not happen."
The majority of people who read reports are not Police officers
Detecting deception is easy or not easy? Not easy
The initial stage of the interview is the? Warm-up
Parents have a right to talk to their children, if requested, and the children have a right to talk to their parents, if requested, before being Questioned by law enforcement
Can be defined as paragraphs containing specific details and pertinent information about an incident and the elements of the crime Narrative
A report must contain proper Spelling, grammar and structure
If an officeer takes too long writing a report, other officers may be Forced to answer calls within his or her zone
Related to the material aspects of the case: what happened, who was involved, etc. Content
Is the way information is organized and presented in the report Format
Reports should be written in the active or passive voice? Active
Is a group of words that contains a subject (a noun) and a verb (action) and expresses a complete thought Sentence
Is the evaluation of content Editing
a group of words that lacks a subject or verb or fails to express a complete thought Is a sentence fragment
One of the best questions to begin with is Can you tell me what happened?
Created by: goarmy
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