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Microbiology - Prokaryotic/Eukaryot

Cell StructureFunctionProkaryoticEukaryotic
cell wall protection, structural support moneran protistan, fungus, plant
plasma membrane control of substance moving in/out of cell moneran all 4 (protistan, fungus, plant, animal)
nucleoid region of DNA moneran none
nucleus membrane enclosed region of DNA no all 4
DNA molecule hereditary info. encoding moneran all 4
RNA molecule transcription, translation of DNA moneran all 4
Chromosome (DNA + protein) packaging of DNA; control of gene express no all 4
Nucleolus assembly of ribosomal subunit no all 4
Ribosome protein synthesis moneran all 4
endoplasmic reticulum isolation, modification, transport of proteins no all 4
Golgi body modification, assembly, packaging, secretion of substances no all 4
Lysosome controlled degradation no all 4
microbodies varied, including hyrdogen peroxide degradation no all 4
mitochondrion aerobic energy metabolism no all 4
photosynthetic pigment light-energy conversion moneral protistan, plant
Plastid: Cholorplast photosynthesis, some starch storage no protistan, plant
Plastid: Chromoplast pigment storage no plant
Plastid: Amyloplast starch storage no plant
Central vauole increasing cell surface area, storage no plant
Cytoskeleton cytoplasmic organ., support no all 4
Microtubule, microfilament, etc. structural support, subcellular & cellular move. no all 4
Complex flagellum, cillum movement no all 4
Centiole gives rise to cilia & flagella no all 4
Created by: JYarger