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Art History

Units 1 & 2

Arcade A series of arches, carried by columns or piers and supporting a common call or lintel
Basilica A large rectangular building, often build with a clerestory, side aisles separated from the center nave by colonnades, and an apse at both ends
Bay A unit of space defined by architectural elements such as columns, piers, and walls
Capital A sculptured block that tops a colom. According to the conventions of the orders, capitals include different decorative elements
Coffer A recessed decorative panel that is used to reduce the weight of and to decorate ceiling or vaults
Dome A round vault, usually over a circular space. Consists of a curved masonry vault of shapes and cross sections that can vary from hemispherical to bulbous to oviodal (look up more in book)
Drum The wall that supports the dome
Facade The face or front wall of the building
Lantern A turretlike structure situated on a roof, vault, or dome, with windows that allow light into the space below
Latin-Cross plan Church plan based on the basilica type, in its layout resembling a cruciform shape (a long nave & 3 shorter arms (in contrast to a centralized Greek cross plan)
Loggia Italian term for a covered open air gallery. Often used a corridor between buildings or around a courtyard, loggias usually have arcades or colomnades
Nave The central space of a basilica, two or three stories high and usually flanked by aisles necking. The molding at the top of the shaft of the column
Oculus In architecture, a circular opening. Oculi are usually found either as windows or at the apex of a dome. When at the top of a dome, an oculus is either open to the sky or covered by a decorative exterior lantern
Order: Corinthian the most ornate of the ordders, includes a base, a fluted column shaft with a capital elaborately decorated with acanthus leaf carvings
Order: Doric Column shaft of the Doric order can be fluted or smooth surfaced and has no base
Order: Composite Combination of Ionis and Corinthian
Palazzo Palace
Pietra Serena Grey Tuscan Limestone used in Florence
Rustification Rough irregular and unfinished effect deliberately given to the exterior facing of a stone edifice. Used for large and decorative emphasis around doors or windows
Sgraffito Decoration made by incising or cutting away a surface layer of material to reveal a different color beneath
Side Aisle Look up
Transept The arm of a cruciform church, perpendicular to the nace, the point where the nave and transept cross is called the CROSSING. beyond the crossing lies the sanctuary whether and apse, choir, or chevet
Atmospheric perspective
Created by: meganschaeffer



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