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GCSE History

International Relations 1945-91

July 17-Aug 2 – Potsdam Conference (Roosevelt/Churchill replaced by Truman/Attlee) 1945
August 6 -- United States first used atomic bomb in war on Hiroshima 1945
August 8 -- Russia enters war against Japan 1945
August 14 -- Japanese surrender End of World War II 1945
March -- Winston Churchill delivers "Iron Curtain" Speech 1946
March -- Truman declares active role in Greek Civil War and Truman Doctrine introduces policy of Containment 1947
June -- Marshall Plan is announced offering $17 billion of aid to Europe 1947
February -- Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia, Marshall Plan approved by Congress 1948
June 24 -- Berlin Blockade begins 1948
July -- NATO ratified 1949
May 12 -- Berlin Blockade ends 1949
September -- Mao Zedong, a Communist, takes control of China 1949
September -- Soviets explode first atomic bomb 1950
February -- Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunts 1950
June -- Korean War begins, first example of ‘proxy war’ 1950
March – Stalin dies 1953
July -- Korean War ends 1953
July -- Vietnam split at 17th parallel into Communist North and US backed South 1954
May -- Warsaw Pact formed as direct opponent of NATO 1955
October - November -- Rebellion put down in Communist Hungary, appeals from leaders to US are ignored as rebellion is brutally crushed by Khrushchev 1956
October. Egypt took control of Suez Canal; U.S. refused to help take it back 1956
October 4 – First man-made satellite, Sputnik, launched into orbit by USSR beginning Space Race 1957
November -- Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin 1958
January -- Cuba taken over by Fidel Castro 1959
September -- Khrushchev visits United States; denied access to Disneyland 1959
May -- Soviet Union reveals that U.S. spy plane U2 was shot down over Soviet territory 1960
November -- John F. Kennedy elected President 1960
April -- Bay of Pigs invasion, CIA backed invasion to remove Castro ends in failure 1961
July -- Kennedy requests 25% spending increase for military 1961
August 13 -- Berlin border closed 1961
August 17 -- Construction of Berlin Wall begins 1961
-- U.S. involvement in Vietnam increased 1962
October -- Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
July -- Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ratified 1963
November -- President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas 1963
August -- Gulf of Tonkin incident 1964
April -- U.S. Marines sent to Dominican Republic to fight Communism 1965
July -- Announcement of dispatching of 150,000 U.S. troops to Vietnam 1965
August -- Soviet troops crush Czechoslovakian revolt, parallels to Hungary 1956 1968
July 20 -- Apollo 11 lands on the moon 1969
April -- President Nixon extends Vietnam War to Cambodia 1970
July -- SALT I signed, places limits on development of nuclear weapons 1972
January -- Cease fire in Vietnam between North Vietnam and United States 1973
October -- Egypt and Syria attack Israel; Egypt requests Soviet aid 1973
August -- President Nixon resigns 1974
April 17 -- North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam 1975
July -- SALT II signed 1979
November -- Shah of Iran overthrown; Iranian Hostage Crisis 1979
-- President Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars) 1983
-- Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to power in Soviet Union 1985
-- Gorbachev ends economic aid to Soviet satellites (buffer states) 1986
October -- Reagan and Gorbachev resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe 1986
October -- Reagan and Gorbachev agree to remove all medium and short-range nuclear missiles by signing treaty 1987
January -- Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan 1989
June -- China puts down protests for democracy; Poland becomes independent 1989
September -- Hungary becomes independent 1989
November -- Berlin Wall falls 1989
December -- Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania; Soviet empire ends 1989
March -- Lithuania becomes independent 1990
May 29 -- Boris Yeltsin elected to presidency of Russia 1990
October 3 -- Germany reunited 1990
April -- Warsaw Pact ends 1991
August -- End of Soviet Union Cold War Ends 1991
February 4-11-- Yalta Conference Cold War Begins 1945
Created by: mrjstacey



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