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Chapter 8

The Renaissance

what does renaissance mean Rebirth
what is humanism the idea that humans should be at the centre of everything and we should think about the world in terms of the lives people live
what was the cause(s) of the renaissance The ruins of the Roman Empire The fall of Constantinople Wealth from trade New idea from trade Competition between Italian states Patrons
what significant changes occurred in painting Themes Materials and Colours Perspective People
sfumato blurring/smudging lines and colours to soften textures and create a smoky effect
Fresco painting done on fresh plaster that was wet
Egg tempera egg yolk mixed with powder to paint
Leonardo Da Vinci Famous painter/inventor from the renaissance
Two Leonardo Da Vinci paintings Mona Lisa, The Virgin Of The Rocks
Michelangelo Buonarroti Famous painter/sculptor who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and created the Pietà and David
Two Michelangelo works The Pieta, The Statue Of David
Printing press individual metal letters into a frame to form words, coated in ink and pressed the frame
who created the printing press Johannes Gutenburg
The effects of the printing press More people learned to read and write People read more and were introduced to new ideas Fiction became more popular The control of the catholic church over learning declined the use of latin declined as writers wrote in vernacular
Vernacular Language as spoken by people in their native country
William Shakespeare Famous writer/poet from the Renaissance;
Some Shakespeare works famous for The Merchant of Venice, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello
Sonnet developed by Shakespeare - 14-line rhyming poem form popular during the Renaissance
William Harvey discovered that the heart pumps blood around the body
Andreas Vesalius began the first drawings of the human body
astronomy the study of planets and stars
Nicolaus Copernicus discovered the Earth rotated the sun
Galileo Galilei discovered that the world was not flat and the law of falling objects
law of falling objects everything falls to the ground at the same speed regardless of weight
heresy knowingly holding a view that went against the official teachings of the Catholic Church
Inquisition Church court
Created by: JMahango
Popular History sets




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