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World War I_GMS

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. One of causes for World War I.
Baron von Richthofen German pilot; Also known as "Red Baron."
President Woodrow Wilson Wanted to stay neutral in WWI. Eventually, after U-boats started to torpedo ships, joined war. After war, created 14 Points for Paris Peace Conference. Self-determination and League of Nations were important to him. Wanted US to join League of Nations.
Vladimir Lenin Led the Bolsheviks to make Russia stop fighting and become a Communist State.
General John J. Pershing Led the American Expeditionary Force in WWI. Fought at Ch^ateau-Thierry.
Henry Cabot Lodge Head of Seante Foreighn Relations Committe. Foe of President Wilson. Went against League of Nations. Senator of Massachusetts.
George M. Cohan American songwriter. Wrote "Over There" and received Medal of Honor. His songs promoted World War I. Also wrote "You're a Grand Old Flag."
Nationalism A feeling of intense loyalty to one's country or group.
Militarism A buildup of military strength within a country.
Balance of Power The distribution of power among nations so that no single nation can dominate or interfere with one another.
Propaganda Ideas or information designed and spread to influence opinion.
Autocracy Government in which one person has unlimited power.
Front A region where warfare is taking place.
Ration To give out scarce items on a limited basis.
Mobilization Gathering resources and preparing for war.
Reparations Payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused by the war.
Armistice A temporary peace agreement to end fighting.
Wilson's Fourten Points The peace plan to end World War I and restructure the countries of Europe, proposed by Woodrow Wilson.
National Self-Determination The right of the people to decide how they should be governed.
Identify the four main causes of World War I. Nationalism, Imperial Expansion, Military Buildup and Forming Alliances.
Identify the nations that made up the Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Ottoman Empire.
Identify the nations that were part of the Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
Identify the nations that were part of the Triple Entente Great Britain, France and Russia
Explain the Zimmerman telegram and how the Zimmerman telegram pushed the United States toward war Germany said that if the United States enters the war, then Mexico would join the war. Germany promised Mexico its former colonies in the United States if it followed this. This made the Americans very angry.
Explain how the war in Europe brought about an economic boom in the U.S. The war in Europe brought an economic boom in the U.S. because the European countries needed to borrow money from someone to pay for all of the war supplies.
Identify the new types of weapons and new nature of warfare, and how it made war more costly Poison gas, machine guns and other weapons of mass destruction made war more costly because the generals would stil sent many men out into direct machine gun fire our poison gas.
Explain the controversy caused by the sinking of the Lusitania (Germany's, America's, and Great Britain's point of view) America was angered about the sinking because one, it was a passenger ship and two, there was no warning. Great Britain felt the same way. Germany thinks that there was weapons on the boat and that the ship was not zig-zagging or sailing near to land.
Understand the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and why it helped Germany strategically The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk declared Russia was out of the war. Russia signed a treaty with Germany. The treaty said that Russia had to give up Poland and the Ukraine, and other parts as well. This meant Germany could move its troops to the Western front.
List the reasons why the Allies needed the help of America and why they probably would have lost the war without it The Allies would have lost because Germany would have moved its troops to the Western Front from the Eastern Front. France and Germany were at a stalemate. And lastly, Russia withdrew.
Explain why there was a shortage of labor in the U.S. once they entered the war There was a shortage of labor during the war because, one, men were fighting in the war so they could not work and two, there were more jobs to produce war materials.
Explain; Did the labor shortage provide new job opportunities for women and minorities The labor shortage provided more job opportunities becuase all of the men were at war so women could work and so could minorities (African Americans, Asians etc.)
Identify where the U.S. got most of the money to finance the war The U.S got most of the money to finance the war from Liberty Bonds that were paid by ordinary citizens.
Describe three ways Americans supported the war effort at home 1. Liberty Bonds, 2. Rationing and 3. Liberty Gardens
Identify the groups in America who strongly opposed America's entry into the war Pacifists, Socialists, and German- & Irish- Americans
Identify the purpose of the Food Administration, War Industries Board, National War Labor Board, and Committee on Public Information Food Administration: Rationing. War Industries Board: Setting prices on war goods. National War Labor Board: Worked to make War Materials Employees happy. Committee on Public Information: Inform the public about how good war is.
Explain the Sabotage and Sedition Acts The Sabotage and Sedition Acts made in against the law to saw, print or practically in any other form says something bad about the United States, the government, the flag or about armed troops. People could be fined twenty years in prison and $10,000
Identify what country was not represented at the Paris Peace Conference Germany and Russia was not represented at the Paris Peace Conference
Identify what country never signed the Treaty of Versailles The United States never signed the Treaty of Versailles
Describe the provisions of the Versailles Treaty The Versailles Treaty demanded of Germany many things these are a few of the more important ones: Germany must repay five billion pounds in reparations. Germany must give up land in Europe and all of its colonies. Germany must be in League of Nations.
Explain why Wilson proposed the League of Nations and why the Senate did not ratify U.S. involvement Wilson proposed the League of Nations so that the world could be in peace and there would not be another World War. The Senate did not approve of it because the Senate complained that their ships our troops could be sent anywhere without their approval.
Battle of the Marne The British and French stopped the Germans' advance into France 15 miles from Paris. Boosted French morale and made it clear that neither side was capable of winning the war quickly or easily.
Battle of Verdun Was the bloodiest battle of the war with more than 750,000 French and German soldiers losing their lives
Battle of Ch^ateau-Thierry The American Expeditionary Force (AEF), the American Army saw its first serious fighting. Turned back a German offensive aimed at taking Paris.
Battle of Gallipoli Battle in Ottoman Empire. One of first times Australia fought together with New Zealand. 130,000 casualities.
Created by: stefano98



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