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AP LIT Vocab Terms

APHORISM short phrase revealing a truth or opinion
ALLITERATION literary device that uses the same consonant for majority of the words in a phrase
AESTHETIC not necessarily physically beautiful, but beautiful in its idea
ABSTRACT refers to ideas that cannot be felt with any of the five senses
ALLEGORY represents an abstract idea with a physical manifestation; (ex. a boy gives a girl flowers because he cares about her, he can't give her 'care')
APOSTROPHE someone dead/ something not human addessed as if they could respond
ANALOGY comparison between two different subjects to highlight a similarity
ALLUSION a figure of speech that makes a reference to something well known
BALLAD simple poem of folk origin that tells a story
ASIDE actor/actress who says something to the audience that the rest of the case is not meant to hear
ANACHRONISM state of being out of place/time
ANTI-HERO someone who shows heroism traits in unconventional ways.
ANTHROMORPHISM representation of an object as having human forms or traits. (ex. gods)
ARCHAISM a word/phrase that is old fashioned
CARICATURE a copy/imitation so distorted as to be ludicrous
BOMBAST a pompous/ pretentious talk or writing
BLACK HUMOR bitter/ironic humor that deals or represents with unpleasent aspects of life
CADENCE balanced with rhythmic flow, as of poetry
CANTO main divisions of long poetry
EPIC long narrative poem that chronicles a journey over a long period of time
EPITAPH an inscription on a tomb
IRONY discrepency between the expected results and the actual results
CATHARSIS a purifying of emotions, especially pity or fear; described by Aristotle as an effect of tragic drama
ELEGY mournful/melancholy poem/song for he dead
ENJAMBMENT flow of words without syntax; a poem without any order
COLLOQUIALISM informal expressions used in every day language (slang?)
COUPLET a verse of two lines that rhymes with equal lines
DICTION choice of words
SYNTAX pattern/formation of sentences/phrases; the "flow" of a sentence/phrase
DIRGE funeral song/tune
CONCEIT a genius metaphor
DENOTATION dictionary definition of a word; a word's literal meaning
CONNOTATION the deeper meaning/understanding behind the word
LYRIC thoughts or emotions in a song like form
BILDUNGSROMAN a book showing a character's development (owen meany, or any coming of age story)
INTERIOR MONOLOGUE a continuous stream of thoughts without any syntax
NEMESIS an opponent or situation that cannot be overcome easily
FOIL a character who serves as a contrast to another character highlighting the other character's traits
FARCE a light, humerous play whose plot depends on the skillfully exploited situation
EUPHEMISM substitution of a mid/indirect/ vague statement for one thought to be offensive
GENRE literary "species" or form (comedy, tradegy, romance, sci-fi, etc)
LAMENT express sorrow or grief
HUBRIS excessive arrogance
IMPLICIT implied rather that directly stated
IN MEDIAS RES describing a narrative that begins in the middle of the story ( The Odyssey)
FREE VERSE a kind of verse that does not conform to any meter ( in the style of the poet T.S. Eliot)
SIMILIE a comparison using like or as
METAPHOR a comparison that DOESN'T use the words 'like' or 'as'
FOOT the rhythm that makes up a verse
FORESHADOWING to show/indicate future events
MELODRAMATIC an over exaggeration of emotions
HYPERBOLE a gross exaggeration
ANECDOTE a short account of an interesting or humerous incident
Created by: thinmint23