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Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Enlightenment a period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning
individual liberty a person's ability to have freedoms and be independent
natural law common sense rules that societies and people follow
social contract an agreement between a group of people and the ruler/gov't- the people will obey and the gov't will protect their rights
separation of powers dividing the gov't into 3 parts to keep any one part from getting too powerful
checks & balances system that grants each branch of gov't the power to limit the powers of other branches
Common Sense a document written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right be an independent nation
consent of the governed the idea that gov't gets its power from the people
English Bill of Rights 1689 laws protecting the rights of English people and Parliament
Limited Gov't a gov't whose power is defined and limited by a constitution
Magna Carta a document protecting the liberties of the citizens of England. King John was forced to sign- established Rule of Law
Mayflower Compact the 1st agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by 41 men on the Mayflower ship
natural rights the idea that all humans are born with certain rights- these include life, liberty and property
rule of law law applies to everyone, even those who govern
self-government a system of government in which people make their own laws
tabula rasa humans are born with a blank slate and their slate is filled by experiences throughout life using their 5 senses
Created by: 502548667448858
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