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AP European final
|Who wrote the Book of the Courtier? When?
|Baldassare Castiglione, 1528
|What were the attributes for The Book of the Courtier?
|(grace, talent, noble birth)(achievement)(classical education)
|What were New Monarchies?
|Old monarchs with new power
|Who invented the printing press?
|When was the printing press invented? Where?
|1455 or 1456, Mainz
|What is humanism?
|The most important movement associated with the Renaissance
|What is civic humanism?
|Humanism tied with Florentine civic spirit and pride
|What was John Wyclif's big idea?
|Popes should be stripped of their authority
|What was nepotism?
|Popes promoting their nephews to church offices
|What is northern humanism?
|New classical learning that was part of Renaissance humanism spread
|What is another name for northern humanism?
|Who was the most influential of all Christian humanists?
|What book did Erasmus write?
|The Praise of Folly
|Who wrote Utopia?
|What is pluralism?
|Church officials taking over multiple church offices
|What did pluralism turn into?
|What is absenteeism?
|Church officials ignoring their jobs and hiring underlings
|What was Martin Luther's big idea?
|The selling of indulgences is bad
|What famous writing did Martin Luther write?
|The 95 Theses
|What was the Peasants' War?
|The peasants' dissatisfaction with their lords
|Why were the peasants displeased?
|They were not affected by the economic rise
|Who helped the peasants? Who turned on them?
|Thomas Muntzer, Martin Luther
|What was Zwingli's big idea?
|Charles V's problems caused what?
|Lutheranism to spread and organize
|Which war kept Charles V busy?
|The Hapsburg-Valois War
|What were the Anabaptist ideas?
|Adult baptism, the return of Christian practices and spirituality, refusal to hold political office, or bear arms
|Who was Henry VIII?
|The initiator of the English Reformation
|What was Henry VIII's final decade occupied with?
|Foreign affairs, factional intrigue, and finding a good wife
|What was John Calvin's big idea?
|What were 3 tests of possible salvation for Calvinism?
|Open profession of faith, a "decent and godly life", and participation in baptism and communion
|What were the Jesuits?
|The Society of Jesus
|Who founded the Jesuits?
|Ignatius of Loyola
|What were main ideas of the Jesuits?
|Absolute obedience to papacy, strict hierarchial societal order, use of education, and dedication to engage in conflict for God
|What 3 major activities did Jesuits engage?
|Establishing disciplined schools, advertising Catholic faith, and fighting Protestantism
|What was the Council of Trent?
|A meeting of Christendom general council where they discussed Protestant revolts and decided on Catholic
|What was the most important decree of the Council of Trent?
|There had to be theological seminaries in every diocese (area) for priest training
|What were Hugueonots?
|What was the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre?
|The king's guard sought out and killed important Hugueonot leaders in Paris
|When was the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre?
|Aug. 24, 1572
|What ended with Henry of Navarre's Coronation?
|The Wars of Religion
|Prince Henry the Navigator was famous for wha?
|Finding a navigating school in Portugal
|What were the motives for gold searching?
|Seeking Christian kingdom as an ally against muslims, aquiring trade opportunites for Portugal, and extending Christianity
|What was Christopher Columbus' goal in exploring?
|To reach Asia and the West Indies
|Where did Columbus actually land?
|The major islands of the Caribbean
|How many voyages did Columbus take?
|Hernan Cortes marched to what Aztec city?
|Hernan Cortes made alliances with whom?
|Cities that tired of Aztec's oppressive rule (**important city-Tlaxaca**)
|How lond did it take for the local population to drive them out?
|Who landed on the Pacific Coast of South America?
|What disease overtook the Inca's?
|Which queen declared the natives to be subjects of Castile?
|What is the name of the Spanish institution that permitted conquering Spaniards to collect tribute from natives and use them as laborers?
|What 3 things did holders of encomieda have to do for the Indians?
|Protect them, pay their wages, and supervise their spiritual needs
|What percent of the Indians died?
|What is the triangle trade?
|A pattern of trade in early modern Europe that connected Europe, Africa, and the Americas in an Atlantic economy
|What did Europe bring to Africa?
|Guns, gin, and cloth
|What did Africa bring to the Americas?
|What did Europe buy from the Americas?
|Tobacco, molasses, sugar, rum, coffee, and raw cotton
|About how many slaves were sold in the 16th century?
|Which 3 powers were competing for trading privileges?
|British, Dutch, and Portuguese
|The British success brought which two powers?
|French and Dutch
|Who were the British saved by?
|Sir Robert Clive
|During what war did the British force the French out COMPLETELY?
|The Seven Years' War
|T or F:The Price revolutions were Europe-wide?
|What was must subject to price increases?
|Food stuffs (wheat especially in Spain, South France, and Italy)
|What else was affected?
|Influx of metals was associated with what?
|The increase of prices
|What was the witchcraft craze?
|Hysteria over witchcraft in the 16th and 17th century in Europe
|Where were witchcraft trials held?
|England, Scotland, Switzerland, Germany, partly France, Low Countries, and New England
|When was witchcraft viewed as sinister?
|When the Church connected witchcraft to devilry
|About how many were prosecuted for witchcraft?
|Who was most susceptible to suspicion? Why?
|Women, the Devil uses them because he knows that women love pleasures and means to bind them by provocations