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MTTC - Elementary Ed

Michigan History

This Native American group of Michigan is a dominant tribal group that is made up of the Ojibwa, Ottawa, and Pottawatomie They were all related, spoke similar languages, and formed the Anishinabek people The Confederacy of the 3 Fires
This tribe was considered the "older brother" of The Confederacy of the 3 Fires; were known as "the keeper of faith" Ojibwa Tribe
This tribe in The Confederacy of the 3 Fires were the "keepers of trade"; chief was Pontiac Ottawa Tribe
This tribe in The Confederacy of the 3 Fires were the "keepers of fire" Pottawotamie Tribe
1st European explorer to reach MI & discovered the UP in 1620 He was associated with the Fur Trade Etienne Brule
Associated with Etienne Brule; here, France hoped to control most of it by sending out the Voyagers to trade with the locals Fur Trade
This person built the 1st French settlement in MI (1668), Sault Ste. Marie Father Marquette
A war where France lost MI (and other major territories) to Britain in 1763; this was a result of the French and British rivalry; aka 7 Years War (1754-1763); British won French and Indian War
In the French and Indian War, the _______ and ________ were allies. French; Native Americans
This was the result of the French and Indian War; the British won, and the French surrendered regions East of the MS River to Britain (including MI) Treaty of Paris
aka Pontiac's Rebellion (1763-1766); this was a battle between a confederations of Native American tribes and British Pontiac's forces attacked Fort Detroit in 1763 Pontiac's War
made it illegal for American colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains "This area east of the Appalachians is for whites; west side for Native Americans" Royal Proclamation of 1763
this place was founded as a French fort in 1701; ended up under British control Detroit
this place was attacked by Spanish Raiders (1781); resulted in the fort's control being shifted from British to American Patriot forces Fort St. Joseph
What were 2 problems from the Revolutionary War? 1. Native American groups in the region refused to recognize the new American government 2. The British refused to leave Fort Detroit
During the Revolutionary War, the British refused to leave Fort Detroit until the _____________ was signed in 1794; the British ended up leaving in 1796 Jay Treaty
this ended the War of 1812; it ensured American control of Michigan Territory Treaty of Ghent
Michigan became the _____ state on January 26th, 1837 by Andrew Jackson 26th
this began with Andrew Jackson's election in 1828; his supporters created the Democratic Party, while the opponents created the Whig Party Second Party System
What were the Democratic motives? direct democracy, lower taxes, and healthy distrust of economy and social elites
Democratic leader in MI; was Michigan's previous territorial governor, Jackson's Secretary of War, and US Minister to France; he was then MI's Senator (1845-1857) Lewis Cass
a topic of debate that was more pronounced 1840s-1850s; this is what caused both major parties to began to fray and divide slavery
the Democrats lost a lot of anti-slavery members to this group; this group believed in limiting slavery's expansion to West Free Soil Party
this group was created as a result of the Whig Party disintegrating; 1/2 of them went to the Democrats while the other 1/2 went to search for other anti-slave party Republican Party
this group replaced the Democrats as the dominant party in MI until 1930 it was primarily a party for the Yankees founded as an anti-slavery Party consisted of former Whigs and Free Soilers as its base Republican Party
1st Republican governor of MI (1854) Kinsley Scott Bingham
time period 1870-1900 significant economic boom via natural resources and ag MI led the nation in copper production iron ore found in UP and mined extensively logging MI became national leader in wheat production (late 19th century) Gilded Age
time period 1870-1900 enormous influx of immigration last 40 years of 19th century; 700,000 people settled in MI from elsewhere (over 1/2 of them from other countries) Gilded Age
national movement (late 19th-early 20th century) Progressives wanted various reforms: woman's suffrage, anti-trust regulations, better social services, and other laws that would break up big business' hold on national wealth Progressivism
MI was one of the 1st states to institute ____________________ (1840s-1850s) mental health hospitals
Civil War veteran and businessman who created publicly-owned companies to compete with monopolistic private businesses mayor of Detroit promoted Progressive ideals, but failed Hazen Pingree
~1900-WW1 time period when MI was torn between 1) those of Progressive social reformers and 2) those of industrial titans Progressive Era
__________ issues included prohibition against alcohol and woman's suffrage (their right to vote, which passed in 1918) progressive
__________ issues included immigration spike, where immigrants were less likely to join unions industrial
industrialists despised these, while progressives supported them unions
credited for starting the mass production of automobiles in 1908 Henry Ford
Created by: jmeeker
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