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Jude 5th - Chapter 9

Chapter 9: How We Got Our Constitution

Shay's Rebellion series of violent attacks in Massachusetts, rebels were former soldiers who opposed the unfair economic policies
Daniel Shays leader of Shay's Rebellion
Articles of Confederation first American form of government, which established a single house legislature with limited powers
Philadelphia city where the Constitutional Convention met
George Washington president of the Constitutional Convention
Benjamin Franklin oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention
Edmund Randolph proposed the Virginia Plan
Virginia Plan plan that was based on population, thus favoring larger states
New Jersey Plan plan that was based on equal representation, thus favoring smaller states
William Paterson proposed the New Jersey Plan
James Madison wrote the Virginia Plan and is known as the Father of the Constitution
Roger Sherman proposed the Great Compromise
House of Representatives known as the "Lower House" and is based on population
Senate known as the "Upper House" and is based on equal representation
Legislative Branch its main job is to make our country's laws
Executive Branch its main job is to enforce our country's laws
Judicial Branch its main job is to interpret our country's laws
bill a proposed law
Capitol Building location of the Legislative Branch
president person in charge of the Executive Branch
veto act of refusing to approve a bill
2/3 vote number Congress needs to override a presidential veto
commander-in-chief title given to the president because they're in charge of the armed forces
impeachment the act by which Congress accuses a president of serious crimes
Supreme Court highest court in the United States
Supreme Court Building location of the Judicial Branch
justices name given to judges on the Supreme Court
lifetime how long justices serve on the Supreme Court
ratify action of formally agreeing to or signing an agreement
Federalists those in favor of ratifying the Constitution
Federalist Papers series of 85 essays published by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton in an effort to persuade the public to support ratification
Anti-Federalists those opposed to ratifying the Constitution
White House location of the Executive Branch
Delware first state to ratify the Constitution
Rhode Island state that refused to ratify the Constitution
9 number of states needed to ratify the Constitution in order for it to go into effect
George Washington first president of the United States
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution outlining the rights of the citizens and states
amendment new law added to the Constitution
Created by: MissMisiak
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