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US HISTORY B EXAM

Mrs. Stubbs

TermDefinition
FDR’s main goals in fighting the depression to get the country out of the Great Depression.
Years for the Great Depression August 1929 – March 1933
Causes of the Great Depression October 1929 stock market crash triggered the Great Depression,
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms,
Shanty Towns A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised buildings known as shanties or shacks, typically made of materials such as mud and wood
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? World War II seems to mark the end of the Great Depression.
Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact Roosevelt was regarded as an effective communicator on radio, and the fireside chats kept him in high public regard throughout his presidency.
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover Roosevelt united the party around him, campaigning on the failures of the Hoover administration. He promised recovery with a "New Deal" for the American people.
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history? he New Deal was a turning point because it led to the creation of the Welfare-State (creation of jobs for the millions of unemployed)
Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide of European Jews during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust Six Million
Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust Jehovah's Witnesses, Roma (Gypsies), homosexuals
What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps? Holocaust victims were people targeted by the government of Nazi Germany based on their ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, or sexual orientation.
Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live? When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Jews were living in every country of Europe.
Genocide the deliberate killing of a large number of people from a particular nation or ethnic group with the aim of destroying that nation or group
What happened to Hitler in the end? He committed suicide by gunshot on 30 April 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin. Eva Braun, his wife of one day, committed suicide with him by taking cyanide.
In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews? Shootings and Cremation
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? By sending them to different camps
Holocaust and ​annihilation​ Hitler Predicts Annihilation of the Jewish Race in Europe
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? Nazi anti-Jewish laws began stripping Jews of rights and property from the start of Hitler's dictatorship. Learn about antisemitic laws in prewar Germany.
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Fascism a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Blitzkrieg an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
Kamikaze Japanese pilots who in World War II made deliberate suicidal crashes into enemy targets, usually ships
Axis Powers the Axis alliance were Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? The United States also sought to lessen foreign influence by reducing immigration.
Pearl Harbor events surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? response to Hitler's invasion of Poland, Britain and France, both allies of the overrun nation declare war on Germany.
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? e United States did not enter the war until after the Japanese bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? the Marshall Plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? Several countries have been or are currently governed by parties calling ... of goods or services whereby a business owner
Baby Boom Baby boom, the increase in the U.S. birth rate between 1946 and 1964; also, the generation born during that period
Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​ Compared to the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, similarities do exist in current state such as the balance of power
Cold War time period 1947 – 1991
Cuban Missile Crisis During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October
​A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ Cold War
The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s America Divided explains what made the 1960s a decade in which ... “the longest and most divisive conflict since the War Between the States.
How did women help in WWII During WWII women worked in factories producing munitions, building ships, aeroplanes, in the auxiliary services as air-raid wardens, fire officers and evacuation officers, as drivers of fire engines, trains and trams, as conductors and as nurses.
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? King drew heavily on Gandhian principle of nonviolence in his own civil rights activism
Freedom Riders Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated Southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions Morgan v.
Malcolm X an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement
Sit-Ins Sit-ins were a form of protest used to oppose segregation, and often provoked heckling and violence from those opposed to their message.
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a Baptist minister and social rights activist in the United States in the 1950s and '60s. He was a leader of the American civil rights movement. He organized a number of peaceful protests as
Vietnamization​ the US policy of withdrawing its troops and transferring the responsibility and direction of the war effort to the government of South Vietnam.
McCarthyism McCarthyism is a vociferous campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions carried out under Senator Joseph McCarthy in the period 1950–54.
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 On June 26, 1956, the Senate and House both approved a conference report on the Federal-Aid Highway Act
The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel Korea was split at the 38th parallel after World War II. North and South Korea have been divided for more than 70 years, ever since the Korean Peninsula became an unexpected casualty of the escalating Cold War
Watergate​ Watergate Scandal. A June 1972 break-in to the Democratic National Committee headquarters led to an investigation
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? The dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was justified at the time as being moral – in order to bring about a more rapid victory
​The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
Created by: Libilucks
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