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Combined Sets

2.5 Individual Right+3.6 Impact of Rights+3.7 Voting Evolution

appellate process the process of asking a higher court to decide whether a trial was conducted properly
ex post facto a Latin term meaning “after the fact”
ex post facto law a law that makes an act a crime after the crime has been committed
habeas corpus the principle that keeps the government from holding a citizen indefinitely without showing cause
independent judiciary the principle that decisions from the courts are fair and impartial and are not subject to undue influence from the other branches of government
public interest common benefit, the general of the public
precedent a court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to those in a case currently before a court
privacy not in public
safeguard to protect
summary judgment a judgment decided by a trial court without that case going to trial; a summary judgment is an attempt to stop a case from going to trial
writ law
civil disobedience the refusal to obey certain laws as a form of political protest
economic freedom the freedom to produce, trade, or use any goods or services without use of force, fraud, or theft
eminent domain the right of the government to take private property for public use; the Fifth Amendment requires that fair compensation be made when property is taken under eminent domain
forced internment the confinement of a group of people, especially during a war
freedom of assembly the right to hold meetings and form groups without interference by the government; guaranteed in the First Amendment
property rights the right to own property; mentioned in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments
13th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that outlawed slavery in the United States
14th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that defines citizenship, grants citizenship to former slaves and defines voters as males at least 21 year of age
15th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that makes it illegal for the federal or state governments to deny someone the right to vote based on their race
19th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that grants women the right to vote
24th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that made poll taxes illegal as a condition for voting
26th Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that lowers the minimum voting age to 18
amendment a change to the U.S. Constitution
civil rights the rights belonging to citizens; traditionally refers to the basic rights to be free from unequal treatment based on certain protected characteristics (i.e. race, gender, disability)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 a federal law that prohibits employment discrimination based on race, sex, color, religion, or national origin
Civil Rights Act of 1968 a federal law that prohibits discrimination related to the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin or sex
discrimination unfair treatment
Equal Rights Amendment a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawing discrimination based on sex
literacy test a test used to determine whether or not someone was eligible to register vote
poll tax a fee required to vote
prohibit to forbid or disallow
segregation the separation of people, such as segregation based on race
states’ rights a power or issue for individual states to determine
suffrage the right to vote
Voting Rights Act of 1965 a federal law that banned race discrimination in voting practices by federal, state, and local governments
Created by: pamelamb
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