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Unit 6 .14 Ms. D

Semester Assessment Practice

How would you describe the Scientific Revolution of the 1600's and 1700's? A time of great progress in understanding nature
The scientific method requires Careful observation, experimentation, mathematics, and reason
Two important thinkers during the Scientific Revolution were: Newton and Descartes
The discoveries of the Scientific Revolution gave people new confidence in their ability to understand the laws of nature
John Locke tried to understand the laws of government. What did he teach? If rulers govern badly, people have the right to revolt
Two great democratic revolutions erupted in the late 1700's. Where did they occur? The United States and France
What is a constitution? The basic law of government establishing the form of a country's government.
In a document called the ___________, written by ___________, the United States of America announced its independence to the world. Declaration of Independence; Thomas Jefferson
What happened at the Constitutional Convention in 1787? The United States made a new plan for government.
What was the Terror and who rose to power after it ended? A time of terrible violence in France; Napoleon Bonaparte
How did the French revolution affect the rest of Europe? The French tried to spread their revolution and a period of wars followed
Soon after the American and French Revolutions, ideas of self government and rule of the people spread to which region of the world? Latin America
By the 1820's, most of __________________ had won its independence from __________________________________________. Latin America; Spain
Who was known as the Liberator of South America? Simon Bolivar
Great Britain was the birthplace of a revolution driven by powerful machines. More and more people stopped making things in their homes and started working in factories. What was this change called? The Industrial Revolution
Which invention made it possible to power boats and locomotives? Steam engine
During the early Industrial Revolution, what were working conditions like for factory workers? The hours were long and factories were dark and unsafe
In what economic system are individuals and private companies in charge of making economic choices? Capitalism
Which philosopher believed capitalism would eventually destroy itself? He wrote about class struggle and the revolt of workers. Karl Marx
Which very productive country had the world's first capitalist economy? Great Britain
Karl Marx's idea that property and wealth should be held in common by all people is called: communism
Who ruled England at the height of the Industrial Revolution Queen Victoria
He was so excited about the Scientific and Industrial Revolutions in the west that he tried to bring western ways to Russia. Who was he? Peter the Great
Bismarck united many small states into this single nation and the brothers Grimm brought together fairy tales here- what place is this? Germany
Which two European nations had been many little states until they became large single nations? Italy and Germany
Who was the US President during the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
The Civil War is the war that ended slavery and confirmed United States as a nation.
Which were the important people for each of these revolutions: Scientific Democratic Industrial William Harvey, Isaac Newton: Scientific Thomas Jefferson, Simon Bolivar: Democratic James Watt, Robert Fulton: Industrial
Created by: JulieD101
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