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STT LCL TST 2020

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian State & Local Gov. Test Flashcards 2020

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "theocracy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a government dominated by religion".
In what kinds of countries are one-party systems of government found? These types of governments are typically found in "nations with authoritarian governments".
Complete the following sentence: "In a one-party system, the party, in effect ______________________". ".....is the government".
List the names of two (2) countries that have "one-party" systems of government today. 1.) North Korea 2.) Vietnam
What is one (1) country that has a "theocratic" form of government? Iran
What does the term "ideologies" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "basic beliefs about governments".
What does the term "coalition government" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a situation in which several political parties combine to obtain a majority
What is one (1) thing that President George Washington warned the people about in his "Farewell Address to the American People" related to political parties? He warned people that forming political parties would be harmful to America's system of government.
What were the 2 political parties in the United States after the Civil War? These two (2) parties were the Republicans and the Democrats.
What does the term "third party" mean/ refer to where government is concerned? This term refers to "any party other than the two (2) major political parties" in the United States.
What is one (1) example of a "single-issue party"? One (1) example of this was the "Free Soil Party" that formed in the 1840's, which took a strong stand on slavery as their "single issue".
What does the term "ideological party" mean/ refer to where government is concerned? This term refers to "a third party that focuses on overall change in a society rather than an issue".
What does the term "splinter party" refer to where government is concerned? These are third parties which split away from one of the major political parties due to some disagreement.
What is one example of a "splinter party" in American politics? One (1) example of this is the Bull Moose Party which was formed in 1912 by former president Theodore Roosevelt.
What is one (1) example of a third party that still exists in American politics today? One (1) example of this is the Green Party.
What does the term "single-member districts" mean/ refer to? "Under this system, no matter how many candidates compete in a district, only one will win".
What does the term "proportional representation" mean/ refer to? In this system, political offices are filled in proportion to the votes that each party's candidates receive.
What does the term "independent" where political parties are concerned? This term refers to a candidate who is not supporting any particular political party.
What does the term "precinct" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a voting district ranging in size from just a few voters to more than 1,000 voters, all of whom cast their votes at the same polling place".
What does the term "precinct captain" mean/ refer to? This is a person "who organizes party workers to distribute information about the party and its candidates and to attract voters to the polls".
What does the term "ward" refer to where politics are concerned? This is a political district made up of several adjoining precincts.
What is one (1) thing that the "state central committee" is responsible for? This political group is responsible for choosing the party state chairperson.
What is the main purpose of holding a "national convention" where politics is concerned? The purpose of this is to nominate the party's presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
What is the primary responsibility of the "party national chairperson" where politics is concerned? This person's responsibility is to "manage the daily operation of the national (political) party".
What are the six (6) functions of political parties listed in our textbook? 1.) Recruiting candidates for office; 2.) Educating the public; 3.) Operating the government; 4.) Dispensing patronage; 5.) Reducing conflict (within the party) 6.) To serve as a "watchdog" over the party in power.
What does the term "caucuses" mean/ refer to where politics is concerned? This term refers to "private meetings of party leaders".
What does the term "direct primary" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an election in which party members select people to run in the general election".
What does the term "closed primary" mean/refer to? This term refers to primaries in which "only members of the political party can vote".
What does the term "open primary" mean/ refer to? This term refers to primaries in which "all voters may participate, even if they do not belong to the party, but they can only vote in one (1) party's primary".
What does the term "plurality" mean/ refer to? This term refers to having more votes than any other candidate (in an election or primary election).
What are two (2) criticisms of primary elections? 1.) They extend over too long a time during an election year; 2.) They seem to make the image of the candidate more important than the issues they stand for.
What is one (1) function of the "rules committee" where the national conventions are concerned? One (1) function of this group is to "propose rules for the convention procedure and to set the convention's order of business".
What is one (1) function of the "credentials committee" where the national conventions are concerned? One (1) function of this group is to "approve the delegations from each state".
What does the term "platform" mean/refer to where politics is concerned? This term refers to "a statement of (the political party's) principles, beliefs, and positions on vital issues".
List three (3) reasons why state constitutions are important. 1.) They create a structure for state government; 2.) They establish the different types of local governments (EX: counties); 3.) They regulate the ways that state and local governments can raise and spend money.
What is one (1) way that constitutions are alike in all 50 of the United States? One (1) thing that all constitutions in states are alike is that they contain a "bill of rights".
What are the two (2) steps for amending state constitutions? 1.) Proposal; 2.) Ratification.
What does the term "initiative" mean/refer to where politics is concerned? This term refers to a method by which citizens propose an amendment to their state constitution or a to a state law.
About how many states currently allow for "initiatives" where their state constitutions are concerned? About 18 states allow for this.
What does the term "referendum" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a situation in which voters - rather than legislators - vote on an issue.
What does the term "unicameral" mean/refer to where governments are concerned? This term refers to legislative systems that have only one (1) branch.
What was the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in the "Reynolds vs. Sims" case? In this case, the Supreme Court stated that "voting districts for both houses of state legislatures had to be based on roughly equal populations".
List three (3) ways in which state governments are structured like the federal government in the U.S. 1.) They have a speaker of the house; 2.) They have a committee system; 3.) The presiding officer of the upper house of the legislature is the "lieutenant governor" - a position similar to the vice president.
What are the qualifications for becoming the governor in most states? 1.) The person must be 30 years old; 2.) The person must be an American citizen; 3.) The person has to have lived in the state for at least 5 years.
What does the term "recall" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the process of allowing the people to vote to remove state officials, such as governors, from office".
What does the term "item veto" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the ability to veto a particular section or item in a piece of legislation without vetoing the entire law.
What are two (2) duties that state "attorney generals" typically perform? 1.) Supervises the legal activities of all state agencies; 2.) Gives legal advice to the governor.
What does the term "mandatory sentencing" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a system of fixed, required terms of imprisonment for certain types of crimes".
What does the term "victim compensation laws" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "laws in which state governments provide financial aid to victims of certain crimes".
What does the term "extradition" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a legal procedure through which a person who is accused of a crime that has fled to another state is, on demand, returned to the state where the crime took place".
What does the term "parole" mean? This term means that a prisoner serves the rest of their sentence in the community under the supervision of a designated officer of the court.
List two (2) ways in which the U.S. constitution limits states' power to tax its residents. 1.) States cannot tax federal property; 2.) States cannot use their taxation power to deprive people of "equal protection under the law.
What are "excise taxes"? These are taxes placed on certain items such as gasoline, liquor, or cigarettes.
When did states begin using a sales tax? States began using this in the 1930's during the Great Depression.
What does the term "regressive tax" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a tax in which the percentage of income taxed drops as incomes rise".
What does the term "progressive tax" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a tax in which the percentage of income taxed rises as incomes rise".
What does the term "intergovernmental revenue" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "revenue distributed by one level of government to another".
What does the term "mandate" mean where government is concerned? This term refers to "a formal order given by a higher authority".
What does the term "block grant" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a large grant of money to a state or local government to be used for a general purpose".
What are two (2) examples of things that state and local governments can get "block grants" for. 1.) Public Health; 2.) Crime control.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
 

 



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