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Part 1

US History

QuestionAnswer
Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did fertile land, first land they encountered and the Indians helped them.
Foundations of American Democracy Popular sovereignty
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? they feared that the new national government would be too powerful
Thomas Paine and Common Sense a pamphlet he published in favor of American Independence
Declaration of Independence document that was approved by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and that announced the separation of 13 North American British colonies from Great Britain.
Shay’s Rebellion was an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts and Worcester in response to a debt crisis among the citizenry and in opposition to the state government's increased efforts to collect taxes both on individuals and their trades
Louisiana Purchase was a land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million.
Missouri Compromise of 1820 In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Compromise of 1850 five laws passed in September of 1850 that dealt with the issue of slavery and territorial expansion
Manifest Destiny was a widely held cultural belief in the 19th-century United States that American settlers were destined to expand across North America.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War Without big farms to run, the people in the North did not rely on slave labor very much. In the South, the economy was based on agriculture
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War preserving the Union was his main goal of the Civil War — not abolishing slavery.
Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention in the United States. Held in July 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York
Reconstruction Period the turbulent era following the Civil War, was the effort to reintegrate Southern states from the Confederacy and 4 million newly-freed people into the United States.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period n 1865 President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South
Result of the Civil War After four bloody years of conflict, the United States defeated the Confederate States. In the end, the states that were in rebellion were readmitted to the United States, and the institution of slavery was abolished nation-wide.
Black Codes Black codes were restrictive laws designed to limit the freedom of African Americans and ensure their availability as a cheap labor force
Native Americans a member of any of the indigenous peoples of North, Central, and South America, especially those indigenous to what is now the continental US.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 e American Indian Wars, the most famous of which were fought on the great Western plains between 1860 and 1890, were among the most tragic of all conflicts ever fought.
Homestead Act of 1862 he Homestead Act of 1862 stated that any current or future citizen, with a mere ten dollars, could claim a homestead of up to 160 acres of government land
Transcontinental Railroad In 1862, the Pacific Railroad Act chartered the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies, tasking them with building a transcontinental railroad that would link the United States from east to west.
Development of the Great Plains The Great Plains were long inhabited by Native Americans, who hunted the teeming herds of buffalo (see bison) that roamed the grasslands and, due to wholesale slaughter by settlers and the U.S. army, were nearly extinct by the end of the 19th cent.
Three-fifths Compromise agreement between delegates from the Northern and the Southern states that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War aim was to bring the South back into the Union while protecting the rights and safety of the newly freed slaves.
Economic impact of the Civil War The Union's industrial and economic capacity soared during the war. The South did not because they were agricultural states with fewer rail lines.
Tenements A group of rooms in a building considered an apartment.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement was a decades-long fight to win the right to vote for women in the United States.
Battleship Maine was a United States Navy ship that sank in Havana Harbor in February 1898, contributing to the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? At the beginning of the war, cotton impacted the livelihoods of one in five Englishmen in some way. Everyone was worried that the cotton embargo would destroy Britain's financial might. Turns out they had plenty of cotton.
Impressments colloquially "the press" or the "press gang", is the taking of men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.
Trail of Tears In 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. Many died along the way.
Why did the South secede from the Union? Many maintain that the primary cause of the war was the Southern states' desire to preserve the institution of slavery. Others minimize slavery and point to other factors, such as taxation or the principle of States' Rights.
Emancipation Proclamation declared that as of January 1, 1863, all enslaved people in the states currently engaged in rebellion against the Union “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? The Radical Republicans believed that Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction was not harsh enough because, from their point of view, the South was guilty of starting the war and deserved to be punished as such.
Muckrakers were reform-minded journalists in the Progressive Era in the United States (1890s–1920s) who exposed established institutions and leaders as corrupt. They typically had large audiences in popular magazines.
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? the number of women in the workforce increased. Their employment opportunities expanded beyond traditional women's professions
Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end
Rapid Growth of Cities urbanization
Why did US enter WWI? The U.S. entered World War I because Germany embarked on a deadly gamble. Germany sank many American merchant ships around the British Isles.
League of Nations was an international diplomatic group developed after World War I as a way to solve disputes between countries before they erupted into open warfare.
Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform.
Americans reaction to WWI The American people had not wanted to go into World War One at first. They entered it in 1917, and didn't agree with the Treaty at the end of the war.
Lusitania sinking A German U-boat torpedoed the British-owned steamship Lusitania, killing 1,195 people including 128 Americans, on May 7, 1915. Triggering events that led the U.S. to join the war.
Zimmermann Telegram was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico.
Created by: pgonzo
 

 



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