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Unit 2 pt 1

Classical Greece

TermDefinition
Peninsula Area of land surrounded by water on three sides
Climate Warm summers, Mild winters
Crete Traded with Greek, developed art, Architecture
Palace Knoss Shrines, banquet halls
Frescoes Water color paintings on plaster
Mycenaean Invasion Toombs over main land of Greece and Crete
Mycenaeans Ruled by warrior kings, divided by city-states
Written Language Greek-likes
Trojan War Fought between Greeks and Persians (Because of trade)
Polis City; Center of Greek life
Acropolis Hill top fortress
Argo Market Place
Athens Population of 200,000 people
Citizens Males
Non-Citizens Women, Children, Slaves , and foreigners
Political Structure Monarchy
Monarchy Ruled by King
Aristocracy Nobles
Tyranny Dictator
Democracy Ruled by the people
Athens tribes 10 of them
Council 500 prepared all matters brought before the popular assembly
Popular Assembly All voting Citizens
Ostracism Voters could imposes exile for 10 years on anyone
Art and Literature in Sparta Very Little of both
Life in Sparta Based on the military for citizens
Children In Sparta Weak Children were left to die
Boys in Sparta Went to military school Age: Seven
Girls in Sparta Supposed to produce healthy babies
Helots Slaves in Sparta
Greek Religion Polytheistic, to explain the unexplainable
gods 12 Major ones
Festivals 60 per year
Funeral Games Honored Zeus
Mount Olympus Home of the gods
Anthropomorphic Giving human characteristics to non-human things
Oracle Tell the future
Greek and Roman Shared the same gods
Philosophers Seeker of wisdom
Socrates posed questions and had people thing about their answers
Plato Socrates Student, and wrote "The Republic"
Aristotle Wrote about political issues, logic and biology, Wrote a booked called Ethics
Euclid Founder of Geometry
Pythagoras Geometry
Ptolemy Astronomy
Hippocrates Studied medicine and ethics
Amphitheater Outside arena with seating around it
Rules of Dramas Men actors only
Tragedy A drama that focused on a main character and ends in disaster
Sophocles Wrote plays
Comedies Dramas that make fun of/mock people
Aesop Fables A story at teaches a lesson
Sappho Lyric poem
Pindar Wrote odes
Odes Poetry to honor someone
Homer Wrote epic poems ex. Lilied and the Odyssey
Herodotus Father of history and wrote about the Persian War
Thucydides Wrote about the Peloponnesians
Invention of columns Doric, Ionic and Corinthian
Parthenon Honor Athena
Farming In Greece Grew gapes and olives
Colonies in Middle East and Africa Grew wheat
Trade To get wheat, metal, animal skins and spices
Slavery Used in jobs many didn't want to do. Ex: Mines, house-hold servants and tutors
Family structures is Greece Very tight, father and husband were the head of the household
Merchants ins Greece Had non-citizenship and no political power
Persian Wars Greeks ins Persia were enraged by taxes
Athens and City- States United to Attack Persia
Marathon Greeks won. 26.25 from Athens
Thermopylae 300 Spartan Soldiers protected a path so Persians may stay out of Greece
Effects of Persian War Greek won. Persia was defeated
Delian League Athens and 140 city-states
Peloponnesian League Sparta and it's allies
Peloponnesian War Caused because of revolt over Athenian power and taxes
Alliances in the Peloponnesian War Greeks went inside of Athens city-state to famine
Greeks in Athens city-state Disease whipped out the population
Result of Peloponnesian War Sparta won and Athens was destroyed
Pyrrhic Victory Victory and great costs
Effects of Peloponnesian War City-states were weakened - left them open to invasion
Characteristics of Macedonia 1.Lived in Villages 2. Mastered in horseman ship and soldiers
Phillip The Second United Macedonian tribe and he conquered Greece
Alexander the Great Educated in Greek art, literature and philosophy
Actions of Alexander the Great Conquers Persia- 22,000 miles to the Indus River Valley
Effects of Persia being conquered Spread Greek culture throughout the empire. Persian women began to marry Greek men. Brough Persian men into irony and was tolerant of other religions
Hellenistic civilization Empire split into three parts 1. trade grew 2. women could now be educated and own property 3. Science, art and math increased
Created by: regangreen
 

 



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