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South America Vocab

TermDefinition
Altiplano High-elevation plateau, basin, or valley between even higher mountain ranges, especially the Andes in South America
Land Alienation One society or culture group taking land from another
Liberation Technology A powerful religious movement that arose in South America during the 1950s, and subsequently gained followers throughout the global periphery.
Subsistence Agriculture Farmers who eke out a living on a small plot of land on which they are only able to grow enough food to support their families or at best a small community.
Uneven Development The notion that economic development varies spatially, a central tenet of core-periphery relationships in realms, regions, and lesser geographic entities.
Supranationalism A venture involving three or more states- political, economic, and/ or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives.
Informal Sector Dominated by unlicensed sellers of homemade goods and services, the primitive form of capitalism found in many developing countries that takes place beyond the control of the government.
Barrio Term meaning "neighborhood" in Spanish
Favela Shantytown on the outskirts or even well within an urban area in Brazil
Megacity (include example) Informal term referring to the world's most heavily populated cities. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is a megacity in South America.
Dependencia Theory Theory originating in South America during the 1960s, it was a new way of thinking about economic development and underemployment that explained the persistent poverty of certain countries in terms of their unequal relations with other countries
Insurgent state (include example) Territorial embodiment of a successful guerilla movement (FARC)
Failed state (include example) A country whose institutions have collapsed and in which anarchy prevails (Columbia was thought to become a failed state)
Triple Frontier The turbulent and chaotic area in southern South America that surrounds the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay.
Primate city (include example) A country's largest city- ranking atop its urban hierarchy- most expensive of the national culture and usually the capital city. (São Paulo, Brazil )
Buffer state A country or set of counties separating ideological or political adversaries.
Entrepot A place, usually a port city, where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped.
Forward capital (include example) Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border. (Brasília)
Cerrado Regional term referring to the fertile savannas of Brazil's interior Central- West that make it one of the world's most promising agriculture frontiers.
Elongation In political geography, refers to the territorial configuration of a state that is at least six times longer than its average width.
Created by: pl250911
 

 



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