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ACT CH03

TermDefinition
full-frame vehicle has a body and a separate frame
unibody vehicle is constructed of sheet metal panels that are spot welded together to form the main body structure
drive train produces power and conveys this power to the drive wheels
steel one of the most commonly used materials when manufacturing today's vehicles.
alloy is a metallic substance
mild steel has a carbon content of approximately 0.25%
high-strength steel has a different chemical composition than mild steel. The carbon content may be as high as 0.75%
laminated steel is made of two layers if steel bonded together with a solid layer of adhesive.
aluminum increasingly used in vehicle construction.
Its 1/3 the weight of steel but it can be just as strong
magnesium is lighter than aluminum
flexible plastic can be easily distorted and returned to its normal shape after the pressure is released.
semi-rigid plastic can be distorted
rigid plastic the least flexible type of plastic
laminated glass is made of two layers of glass with a layer of plastic between them
tempered glass is a single layer of glass and is used on all windows except the windshield
bumper assembly is located at the front and rear of the vehicle and is designed to protect the vehicle and occupants during minor impacts
header panel also known as the headlight panel because the headlights are mounted in it.
fenders are the outer body panels located between the front doors and front bumper
hood covers the engine compartment and is generally made of steel
cowl vent panel is located to the rear of the hood and bolted in place
roof covers the passenger compartment. door
door has hinges that allow it to open and close
rocker panel is located under the door openings
quarter panels form the sides of the vehicles' body behind the side doors and surround the rear wheel openings
sail panel connects the roof and the quarter panel
deck lid covers the trunk opening
rear hatch is similar to the deck lid but contains the rear glass and is made from steel or rigid plastic
cab corner is found on a pickup truck and is located behind the door
bed side may be an outer skin
tailgate closes the bed of a pickup truck and is made of steel
van side is usually a large steel panel that may or may not have window openings
radiator support holds the condenser and radiator
lower frame rail also called a lower front
upper frame rails adds strength to the upper portion of the engine compartment.
apron a single panel that connects the upper and lower frame rails
strut tower supports the front suspension
cowl or firewall
windshield pillar also called the A pillar
center pillar or B pillar
floor pan is the base of the passenger compartment. It is welded to the rocker panel and cowl.
rear pillar the inner portion of the quarter panel. The door latches on this
rear frame rail provides support for the rear portion for the unibody vehicle
wheel house surrounds the rear wheel. It is formed from two panels
trunk floor is welded to the inner wheel house panels and to the rear frame rails
rear body panel is welded between the quarter panels and forms the rear portion of the vehicle below the deck lid
vehicle safety rating is a measure of a vehicle's crashworthiness
body style the configuration of a vehicle's body panels; examples of by styles are: sedan
bows reinforcements designed to add rigidity to an automotive structure
engine cradle frame component that supports the engine
non-structural part a part that does not make a vehicle any stronger
structural part a body component that increases the strength of the vehicle
Created by: cvis
 

 



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