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Mesopotamia 12

fertile cresent facts

Nomadic people were people who? moved from place to place and hunted and gathered
how was the behavior of nomads regulated? unwritten customs
how did ancient people progress in social organization? clans to villages to city-states to empires
the first civilizations developed near these two rivers. Tigris and Euphrates.
why did they develop near the rivers? flooding left silt that made the land good for farming
how did farmers cope with flooding irrigation and flood control
what was the name of the place that gave birth to ancient civilizations Mesopotamia
what do all civilizations need to survive resources
what was the first civilization sumer
what are the five key elements government,religion,public works,social classes/jobs, writing
meaning of polytheistic many gods
how did Hebrews differ one god
most important religious duty keep gods happy
what were temples called ziggurat
what was on top of the ziggurat a shrine to chief god or goddess
why did they build large palaces to make people believe the strength and power of the rulers and gods
what was the claim ancient rulers had to claim authority the will of the gods
what does it mean when we say rulers in ancient world were hereditary leaders leadership passed from father to son
what caused conflicts they competed for control of land and water
what developed as a result of the need to control rivers,collect taxes, and build public works. the first centralized governments
list three groups of people who developed in the fertile crescent Sumerians,medes, Persians,Hittites
what tasks did the first organized governments perform write laws,collect taxes, provide food supply, and maintain defense
why were first laws written to regulate the behavior of people who were now strangers to one another cities
in the ancient world who was trained to read and write scribe
what did ancient people invent to record grain harvests and keep accurate records of the seasons writing
how did ancient rulers use public works to ensure the cities food supplies? built irrigation systems, roads, and bridges and kept records of harvests
how did they uses public works to defend themselves built city walls around the city to protect it from attack
how did cities change the way people worked people specialized in jobs for the first time
why were people able to specialize in jobs in early civilizations surpluses in food meant that not everyone had to search for food
ranking people according to their jobs led to this the development of the first social classes
Created by: vampireyuki12



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