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Global 10

Unit 2: French Revolution

King Louis XVI King of France, weak and ineffective absolute leader, executed for treason Over taxed the people and didn't care for poor people.
First Estate The first class of French society was made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. .5%
Second Estate The second class of French society made up of the nobility. 1.5 % population
Third Estate 98% of French society, made up of peasants, urban factory workers and the bourgeoisies (Middle Class) Paid all of the taxes
Bourgeoisies French Middle Class
Marie Antoinette Queen of France ( wife of Louis XVI), unpopular due to her extravagance and opposition to reform. She was executed by the guillotine
Storming of the Bastille (ST= start) Paris July 14, 1789 prison. Prisoners took over the Bastille for gunpowder. Start of the Revolution
Limited Monarchy A government in which a constitution or a legislative body limits the monarch’s power
Absolute Monarchy A system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary (birth) positions and the king or queen has almost complete power
Maximilien Robespierre Revolutionary leader who tried to wipe out every trace of France’s past monarchy and nobility. He led the Reign of Terror and was eventually executed himself. Formed the Committee of Public Safety
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens Adopted August 26, 1789, created by the National Assembly to give rights to all (except women). Freedom of speech, religion, life, liberty, land, social contract
Olympe de Gouges She published the Declaration of Rights of Women and the Female Citizens
Reign of Terror (1793-1794) During the French Revolution when 30,000-40,000 people were executed for “disloyalty”
Napoleon Bonaparte Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory), became emperor of France. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated (stepped) in 1814 Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated in Waterloo and died in exile.
Coup d'etat Military overthrow of the government
Napoleonic Code A comprehensive and uniform ( equality under the law) system of laws established for France by Napoleon.
Battle of Waterloo The battle on June 18, 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat.
“Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”: Slogan of radicals and peasants during French Revolution. Effects- spread ideas of equality and freedom worldwide.
Created by: mbarkley



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